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52 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Describe what institutions Stalin used to socialize the Soviet population.
Controliing the media. Controlling education. Rewriting history. Fear. Killing off enemies.
Contrast the soft socialization of Madame Blueberry and the techniques used by Stalin.
Madame Blueberry uses subltetly, Social Influence, and things children can relate to. Stalin is controlling and forced. No choice but to beleive.
Characteristics of a totalitarian state.
Monistic Ideology, Single Party, Terror, Monopoly of commications and police. Controleed Economy.
"Anti-dictatorial" pressures
1.) The importance of "pacts"
2.) Sudden Change/probability of success.
3.) Crisis or Non-Crisis
4.) Democracy and Freedom
5.) Democracy and Capitalism
The importance of media in controlling the population.
Using the media is the only way to reach out to the entire population of russia and reaching in the far out hard to reach areas.
Shively's Four suggestions for the transition to democracy.
1.) Fatigue of authoritarian regime
2.) International "Peer pressure"
3.) Popular demands for security and rejection of arbitrary leadership stryles.
4.) Peoples desire for economic development.
Easton's Model of the political system
Agents of socialization
people and/or groups that influence self concepts
Gabriel Almond
Came up with the idea of political culture
Third Wave
Book, traces the transition of states from authoritarian and totalitarian.
Wrote "Third Wave"
progressive tax
A type of graduated tax that applies higher tax rates as the income of the taxpayer increases.
regressive taxes
A tax with a rate that decreases as the taxpayer's income increases.
a policy of making decisions cautiously and implementing them through small staged changes rather than in bold sweeps
transfers of money that do not relate to production
making decisions in bold sweeps and changing polices rapidly
arbitrary decisions
dcision that is made on a whim. the people affected did not see it coming and never learn why the decision was made.
due process
an expectation that certain procedures must always be followed in making a policy and that if they were not, the policy should be void.
a situation in which there are social costs or benefits beyond the individual costs and benefits involved in a transaction
power based on a general agreement that the holder of the power has the right to issue certain commands and that those commands should be obeyed
beleif that the people in power should appropriately wield authority.
social capital
network of activities (clubs, chruces, etc) where people build trust and positive expectations about actions
Government by a single person having unlimited power
agreements to accept democracy
single-party state
one party, no opposition allowed.
the forceful deposition of a government by all or a portion of the armed forces and installation of a new military govt.
crisis transitions
transitions from autocratic to a democratic system that take place in the context of an economic crisis.
Mobutu overthrew the existing government of the Congo in 1965
president and dictator of Paraguay (1954–89)
Soviet politician who was general secretary of the Communist party from 1985–1991 and president of the USSR from 1989–1991,
the nominal leader of the Filipino terrorist group Abu Sayyaf
Willy Brandt
German political leader. He served as chancellor of West Germany (1969–1974)
capable of being changed
rational choice
model of politics that assumes all that are involved act rationally.
magna carta
1215 A document or piece of legislation that serves as a guarantee of basic rights.
proportional representation
electoral system where a party receives seats based on the number of votes they received
The excess of votes cast for one candidate over those votes cast for any other candidate.
The greater number or part;
conventional participation
representative govt
unconventional participation
relatively uncommon behavior that threatens or defies government channels.
rational maximization
weighing the benefits against the consequences
monistic ideology
all existing things can be ascribed to or described by a single concept or system.
parocial political culture
least developed, no specialized roles for citizens. No expectations from the state or gvt. Most common in tribal societies
Subject political culture
State provides certain collective goods, but the political class is seperate and distinct, and individual systems neither aspire to it, nor attempt to influence it. Citizens recognize govt authority.
Participant political culture
Members are explicitly oriented towards the political system. Their sentiments may range from approval to disapproval and individual citizens play an activist role`
civic culture
mixture or tradional and modern cultures, 3 types
Types of legitimacy
legitimacy by results: providing people with what they want,
" by habit: its been around for a while.
" by historical,religions, or ethnic identity: ties with similarities
" by procedures: using self gratifying procedures to build confidence
single member district plurality systems.
modern democracy
Government by the people, exercised either directly or through elected representatives
special human rights
right to survive, free speach, right to privacy
fairness and equality
fairness is what is just but not necessarily equal, and equality is not necessarily just but equal.
competeive elections
give people the reason to vote, and feel like they have a choice