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17 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
For what purposes are congressional investigations used?
To rally support for policies or programs favored by Congress.

To focus media attention and public debate to a particular issue

To attack the president or other high ranking official s in the administration
How is the size of the House of Representatives determined?
By population of each state, apportionment every 10 year census.
How did racial gerrymandering in the South during the 1990’s create a “paradox of representation”?
while more minority members were brought to Congress, it also led to a more conservative House of Representatives, as Republicans gained seats previously held by white liberal Democrats.
What are the arguments for congressional term limits?
a)Claims that career politicians become isolated form the lives and concerns of average citizens.
b)Term limits would increase competition
What are the arguments against congressional term limits?
a)Infringement on voters rights, if politician is not satisfactory, vote them out.
b)New members would be inexperienced.
How did the Supreme Court rule on the Congressional term limit issue in 1995?
States cannot impose term limits.
Why do voters reelect members of an unpopular Congress?
Because while unsatisfied with Congress as a whole, they are satisfied with their local representative.
What important functions do party organizations play in the operations of the House and Senate?
a)The leadership of each house is chosen by secret ballot by members of each party at a caucus.

b)They sponsor a campaign committee that channels some campaign funding to party members seeking reelection.
What important functions does the Speaker of the house perform?
a)Serves as both presiding officer of the chamber and leader of the majority party.
b)He decides who shall be recognized to speak on the floor
c)Rules on points of order
d)Appoints members of select, special, and conference committees
How do the powers of the Senate majority leader compare to with those of the Speaker of the House?
a)Much less power

b)recognizes who will the first speaker in floor debate

c)Scheduling the business of the Senate
What are the principal functions of the standing committees?
What does the text mean by the “Pecking order of the committees”?
a)Screening and drafting of legislation.
b)The most powerful committee is the most sought after committee assignment-(appropriations Committees)
What goals do members of Congress seek to promote in their committee assignments?
Members strive for assignments that will give them influence in congress
What are the advantages of the seniority system for Congress?
It tends to reduce conflict among members; it also builds stability in policy direction in committees over time.
What important functions does the House Rules Committee serve?
they issue rules to bills. (rules are stipulations attached to a bill that governs its consideration on the floor, including when and how long it can be debated, and how many amendments may be appended to it.)
Why are conference committees important in the work of congress?
They must reach an agreement on a single version of a bill proposed by both houses. Then resubmit it to both houses
How do customs and norms of behavior promote goals of Congress?
They are designed to help members work together, to reduce interpersonal conflict, to facilitate bargaining and promote compromise.
On what grounds may Congress expel members of the House and Senate?
Disorderly behavior