Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

14 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is the purpose of bureaucracy as a form of organization, and what are its essential characteristics?
a) A rational way to perform the functions of the government
i) Chain of command
ii) Division of labor
iii) Specification of authority
iv) Goal orientation
v) Impersonality
How does the case study of the “Regulator and the Calculator” illustrate the conflicts that bureaucrats face in the decision-making process?
There are no special rules for special situations. All cases have to be treated the same.
What combination of factors explain the growth of bureaucratic power in our governmental system in recent decades?
a)Advances in technology
b)Increases in size and complexity of society
What factors have accounted for the creation of all the newer cabinet departments?
Strong pressures from interest groups, as well as presidential and congressional desires to pose as defenders and promoters of particular interests
What unique characteristics do independent regulatory commissions share in the federal bureaucracy?
Their governing commissions are appointed by the president and confirmed by Senate in the same fashion as cabinet secretaries, however their terms are fixed, they cannot be removed by the president.
How do the operations of government corporations differ from those of other federal agencies?
They charge for their service, however they are mandated to break even.
What kinds of beliefs do federal agencies tend to adopt as part of agency “Culture”?
They believe their work is important, they tend to support enlargement of the public sector—to enhance education, welfare, housing, environmental and consumer protection.
Why do critics argue that bureaucratic regulations are harmful to American interests?
a)The cost these regulations on business are enormous
b)It also paces heavy burdens on innovations and productivity
Why do some industries regulated by federal agencies come to support their regulators and often oppose proposals to reduce government controls?
a)captue theory of regulation
b)The Revolving Door problem
Why does the text state that “pressure to continue and expand regulatory activity will always be strong in Washington”?
Because de-regulation tends to diminish politicians’ power and eliminate bureaucrats’ jobs, as well as diminishes the role of interest group lobbyist.
What are some of the motivations for congressional oversight of bureaucratic activities?
a)To insure the laws Congress passes are being carried out
b)Also to influence bureaucratic decision making.
What does the text state is “perhaps Congress’s most potent weapon in controlling the bureaucracy”?
The Congressional power to grant or withhold the budget request of bureaucracies and the president.
What is the purpose of congressional case work, and why may it create difficulties for bureaucrats?
a)intervening with executive agencies on behalf of constituents.
b)Feeling pressured to give favoritism.
What is meant by the term “Revolving doors,” and why is it subject to criticism
a)The movement of individuals from government positions to jobs in the private sector, using experience, knowledge, and contacts they acquired in government employment.
b)Concerns with officials tilting their decisions in the favor of the private sector that promise the officials high paying jobs after they leave the government