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19 Cards in this Set

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Equivalent of a criminal charge against an elected official
Impeachment
Right of a president to withold from other branches of government confidential communications within the executive branch; although posited by presidents, it has been upheld by the supreme court only in limited situations.
Executive Privilage
Formal regulation governing executive branch operations issued by the president.
Executive Order
Established with the passage of the Budget and Accounting act in 1921, this group assist the president in preparing an annual Budget of the United States Government for presentation to Congress. (prior to this, executive departments submitted their budget request directly to congress with out first submitting them to the president.)
Office of Managment and Budget
The heads (secretaries) of the executive departments together with other top officials accorded cabinet rank by the President; only occasionally does it meet as a body to advise and support the president.
Cabinet
Early months of a presidents term in which his popularity with the public and influence with the Congress are generally high.
Honeymoon Period
Rejection of a legislative act by the executive branch
Presidential Veto
Effective veto of a bill when Congress adjourns within ten days of passing it and the President fails to sign it.
Pocket Veto
Power of the cheif executive to reject some portions of a bill without rejecting it all.
(Congress approved of this in 1996, however is was struct down later by the Supreme Court.)
Line-item Veto
Power of the president to grant "legitimacy" to or withhold it from a government of another nation (to declare or refuse to declare it "rightful".)
Diplomatic Recognition
Agreement with another nation signed by the president of the United Statesbut less formal (and hence potentially less binding) than a treaty because it does not require Senate confirmation.
executive agreement
Secret intelligence activity outside U.S. borders undertaken with specific authorization by the president; acknowledgment of U.S, sponsorship would defeat or compromise its purose.
covert action
Bill passed in 1973 to limit presidential war making powers;it restricts when, why and for how long a president can commit U.S. forces and requires notification and, in many cases, approval by Congress.
War Powers Act
stipulates that when the vice president and a majority of the cabinet notify the Speaker of the House and president pro tempore of the Senate in writing that the president "is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office," then the vice president becomes acting president
The Twenty-fifth Amendment
proposed by congress in 1947 and ratified in 1951, it officially restricts the president to two terms(or one full term if a vice president served more then two years of the previous presidents term.
The Twenty-second Amendment
each state is represented by presidential electors equal to the number of its representitives and senators. These electors vote according to the states popular vote.
Electoral College
The official representative of the country, the person whose office symbolizes the collective unity and identity on the nation
Chief of state
a staff that includes the president's closest aides and advisers. They provide the president with sound advice on everything from national security to congressional affairs, policy development, and electoral politics.
The White House staff
made by the president with foreign governments and approved by two-thirds of the U.S. Senate. (invalidate inconsistent state and sometimes federal laws)
Treaties