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27 Cards in this Set

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Alliteration
The repetition of initial consonant sound in words
Assonance
The repetition of vowel sounds without repeating consonants
Ballad
A poem in verse form that tells a story
Blank verse
An unrhymed form of poetry. Each line normally consists of 10 syllables in which every other syllable is stressed
Caesura
A pause or sudden break in a line of poetry
Canto
A main division of a long poem
Consonance
The repetition of consonant sounds. Although it is similar to alliteration, consonance is not limited to the first letter of words
Couplet
A pair of lines of verse of the same length that usually rhyme
End rhyme
The rhyming of words that appear at the ends of two or more lines of poetry
Enjambment
The running over of a sentence or thought from one line to another
Foot
The smallest repeated pattern of stressed or unstressed syllables in a poetic line
Free verse
Poetry that does not have a regular meter or rhyme scheme
Haiku
A form of Japanese poetry that has three lines: the first line has five syllables, the second has seven syllables, and the third has five syllables. The subject of the haiku has traditionally been nature.
Heroic couplet
(closed couplet)
Two successive rhyming lines that contain a complete thought
Internal rhyme
When the rhyming words appear in the same line of poetry
Lyric
A short verse that is intended to express the emotions of the author
Meter
The patterned repetition of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry
Onomatopoeia
the use of a word whose sound suggests its meaning, as in clang, buzz, and twang
Refrain
The repetition of a line or phrase of a poem at regular intervals, especially at the end of each stanza
Repetition
The repeating of a word, a phrase, or an idea for emphasis or for rhythmic effect
Rhyme
The similarity or likeness of sound existing between two words.
Rhythm
The regular or random occurrence of sound in poetry. Regular rhythm is called meter. Random occurrence of sound is called free verse.
Sonnet
A poem consisting of fourteen lines of iambic pentameter
ITALIAN (PETRARCHAN) SONNET
 ITALIAN (PETRARCHAN): an octave (eight lines) and a sestet (six lines), usually rhyming abbaabba, cdecde. Often, a question is raised in the octave and answered back in the sestet.
SHAKESPEAREAN (ENGLISH/ ELIZABETHAN) SONNET
 SHAKESPEAREAN (ENGLISH OR ELIZABETHAN) three quatrains and a final rhyming couplet. The rhyme scheme is abab, cdcd, efef, gg. Usually, the question or theme is set forth in the quatrains while the answer or resolution appears in the final couplet.
Stanza
A division of poetry named for the number of lines it contains
Verse
A metric line of poetry. It is named according to the kind and number of feet composing it