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57 Cards in this Set

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1. Herbs with acrid taste
2. Flowers cross-shaped (4 sepals and
petals)
3. Tetradynamous stamens
4. Fruit a silique or silicle
Family Brassicaceae (Cruciferae)
1. Tendril-bearing vines
2. Imperfect flowers
3. Ovary inferior
4. Pepos
Family Cucurbitaceae
1. Woody plants, usually shrubs
2. With leathery, often evergreen leaves
3. Urceolate or campanulate flowers
4. Anthers open by terminal pores
Family Ericaceae
1. Stellate pubescence (usually)
2. Palmately lobed and veined leaves
3. Monadelphous stamens
4. Cheese wheel fruits
Family Malvaceae
1. Herbs with opposite, basal, or whorled
leaves
2. 5-merous flowers
3. Stamens adnate to corolla, opposite
petals
4. Free-central placentation
Family Primulaceae
1. Dioecious trees and shrubs
2. Catkins
3. Imperfect flowers lacking a perianth
4. Comose seeds
Family Salicaceae
1. Herbs with coarse hairs
2. Flowers regular, 5-merous
3. Stamens numerous
4. Ovary inferior
5. Fruit a capsule with persistent calyx
Family Loasaceae
1. Simple or often compound or dissected
leaves
2. Sheathing leaf bases
3. Numerous stamens and carpels
4. Spirally arranged stamens and carpels
5. Flowers actinomorphic or zygomorphic
6. Gynoecium 3 to many simple pistils,
ovary superior
Family Ranunculaceae
1. Deciduous or inconspicuous sepals
2. Flowers actinomorphic or
zygomorphic
3. Some with crumpled petals
4. 6 or numerous stamens
5. Milky, colored, or watery sap
6. Fruit a poricidal or septicidal capsule
Family Papaveraceae
extending downward from
the point of insertion
Decurrent
opposite leaves
which alternate at
right angles to one
another at successive
nodes
Decussate
On
opposing sides of
the stem and in the
same plane
Distichous
gradually tapering to a sharp
point and forming concave sides along the
tip
Acuminate
tipped with a short, sharp,
abrupt point
Mucronate
wedge-shaped
Cuneate
coarse,
stiff hairs
Hirsute
minutely pubescent, with fine, short
hairs
Puberulent
covering of short,
matted or tangled,
soft, wooly hairs
Tomentose
long,
soft, shaggy, but
unmatted hairs
Villous
without petals
Apetalous
without sepals
Asepalous
fusion of unlike parts
Adnate
flower has radial
symmetry – it can be divided into two
equal halves by two or more planes
Actinomorphic
flower has bilateral
symmetry – it can
be divided in two
equal halves by
only one plane.
Zygomorphic
tube elongate with a flat
expanded limb
Salverform
urn-shaped
Urceolate
sterile, antherless stamen
Staminode
stamens
united by filaments
Monadelphous
stamens united by their
filaments into two groups
Diadelphous
four stamens, 2 long and 2
short
Didynamous
6 stamens, 4 long and
2 short
Tetradynamous
the sepals, petals, and
stamens are inserted beneath the ovary.
Hypogynous
the sepals, petals, and
stamens are united by their lower portions
into a hypanthium. The ovary sits on the
hypanthium
Perigynous
inferior ovary
(with or without a
hypanthium)
Epigynous
calyx
K
corolla
C
andreoecium
A
gynoecium
G
supporting stalk of an
inflorescence
Peduncle
central axis of an inflorescence
Rachis
unbranched, elongated inflorescence whose flowers have pedicels.
Raceme
a flat-topped or somewhat
rounded inflorescence in which the pedicles of varying length are inserted along the rachis
Corymb
a flat-topped or rounded
inflorescence in which the terminal flower blooms first.
Cyme
a dry, indehiscent fruit with a single locule and a single seed
Achene
a small,
bladdery achene-like
fruit with the seed
loosely surrounded by
the fruit wall.
Utricle
a winged achene
Samara
seed and pericarp
completely fused (in the grass family)
Caryopsis
dry, indehiscent fruit that
splits into separate one-seeded segments
Schizocarp
opening by a series of
pores near the top
Poricidal Capsule
opening apically,
leaving a ring of
teeth.
Denticidal Capsule
dehiscing lengthwise,
with the sutures opening within a locule.
Loculicidal Capsule
dehiscing lengthwise,
with the sutures splitting a septum. The
fruits dehisce by separating between the
septa of adjacent carpels.
Septicidal Capsule
unicarpellate,
opening along
a single side
Follicle
like a berry, but with a stony pit
Drupe
a berry with a leathery rind.
Pepo
a fleshy, berry-like fruit
with a tough rind; ovary superior
Hesperidium
formed from many
separate dry or fleshy fruits of a single
flower.
Aggregate fruit