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9 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Fusiform gyrus
The Fusiform gyrus is part of the temporal lobe. It is also known as the (discontinuous) occipitotemporal gyrus.

There is still some dispute over the functionalities of this area, but there's relative consensus on these four:
1.processing of colour information
2.face recognition
3.word recognition
4.number recognition
-Associated With Visceral Functions
-Integrates Autonomic Information
Location: The insula is located within the cerebral cortex, beneath the frontal, parietal and temporal opercula.
Uncus is an anterior continuation of the lingual gyrus (temporal lobe) that is a hooklike, anterior structure partially covered by the periamygdaloid cortex.
Seperates the superior and middle temporal gyri-contains a significant amount of neocortex - can be divided into many subregions and is multimodal, receiving input from auditory, visual and somatic regions as well as the other two polymodal regions (frontal and partetal lobes)
and the paralimbic cortex--these multimodal inputs are involved in cateforization abilities used for perception and memory processes-also important in cross-modal matching -- analyzes biological motion (movements of particular relevance to a species) -- neurons here may be responsive to faces in different orientations as well as to bodies moving in a responsive to faces in different orientations as well as to bodies moving in a particular direction.
paralimbic cortex
Area of three-layered cortex that is adjacent to the classically defined limic cortex and has a direct connection with the limbic cortex-for example, the cingulate cortex.
perforant pathway
Large anatomical pathway connecting the entorhinal cortex and subiculum with the hippocampal formation.
cross-modal matching
Ability to match sensory characteristics of objects across sensory modaltiies--for example, the abiity to visually recognize an object that was previously perceived by touch.
cortical deafness
Due to bilateral damage to the auditory cortex; an absence of neural activity in the auditory regions.
Group of sound waves specific to each vowel sound.