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42 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
A punnett square is used to chart _________.
Possible outcomes of phenotype combinations between a pair of individuals
Physical Anthropologists often study humans in a variety of ways. They will study ________.
Modern Populations, primates, fossil evidence
T or F
Darwin's tubercle is a dominant phenotype reflecting the dd genotype.
False (dominant does not have lower letters to represent, it would be DD or Dd)
Hypothesis
tentative explanation of th relation between certain phenomena
What is a Gene?
A section of DNA
T or F:
Quadrupeds typically have the Formen Magnum located near the rear of the cranium
True
T or F
There are more than 1200 Mendelian Traits known for human
True
What does ICZN stand for?
International Code of Zoological Nomenclature
What are the knids of gametes that can be produced by an AaBb individual?
AB, Ab, aB, ab
(make a punnett square)
Hereditary information is stored in the _______, which are found on the chromosomes.
DNA
Biological species
a group of individuals that can produce fertile offspring.
Anatomical Position
The position of the human body, standing erect, with the face directed anteriorly, the upper limbs at the sides and the palms turned anteriorly (supinated), and the feet pointed anteriorly; used as the position of reference in description of site or direction of various structures or parts as established in official anatomical nomenclature. Note: The palms are toward our view and we cannot see the back of the hands.
Chart the possible gamete combinations for a couple with the following genotypes: RRFf x Rrff
(use punnett square)
RR RR RF Rf
Rr Rr rF rf
Rf Rf Ff ff
Rf Rf Ff ff
If you found a fossil with a very large sagittal crest, what would that feature indicate about the animal's mascitory (chewing) apparatus relative to its size.
It would be large as well
The Hardy-Weinberg formula is _______.
A mathematical model, a genetic equilibrium model, and assumes that a population is not evolving
List the conditions that will affect gene frequencies as seein in applications of the Hardy-Weinberg formula
Non random mating, mutations, selection, limited population size, "overlapping generations", random genetic drift, gene flow and meiotic drive.
Binomial
This is what Karl Linne did when classifing animals in genus and species
Why was Karl Linne's classification system so important to modern scientific methodology?
Karl Linne was the person who classified all animals in genus and species.
List taxonomic categories in heirarchical order, beginning with Kingdom and ending with subspecies
Kingdom
Phylum
Class
Order
Family
Genus
Species
Sub Species
If DNA sequence is ACTGCCAAGTTCG; What is the mRNA base sequence?
First, translate DNA to the other end of the DNA (A to T and C to G)

DNA Sequence:
TGACGGTTCAAGC

Then translate the new strand of DNA and translate it to mRNA
A to U, G to C (vice versa), T to A,)

mRNA Sequence
ACUGCCAAGUUCG
What is the difference between Anatomical Features and Skeletal elements
unknown/cannot find answer
Dental Formula of human adults? Human Juveniles?
Human Adults:
2:1:2:3
Human Juveniles:
2:1:2:3
What are teeth?
Skin Cells that harden in the gum
Is it possible for scientists to confuse intraspecific variation for interspecific variation? Why or Why not?
Intraspecific Variation:
Individual organisms within a species vary morphologically (size, shape, color), physiologically, behaviorally, and demographically

Interspecific Variation:
different lineages of organisms belonging to different species obviously differ from each other. Coyotes differ from wolves, members of the dog family (Canidae) differ from members of the cat family (Felidae), members of the order Carnivora differ from members of the order Ungulata (hooved mammals), mammals differ from fish, etc

Therefore no, because one deals with difference in an individual within the same family (ie: coyotes and wolves, both in do fam) and the other has the difference of families (ie: fish and dogs)
In our study of the scientific method, we found that males were more likely to be unable to life a heavy box then standing in an ungainly position, than women. Why?
Because the upper body for men was longer (or farther distance) from women, to lift the box with
Suture
In anatomy, it is a fairly rigid join between two or more hard elements of an animal, with or without significant overlap of the elements.
T or F:
If a primate's hindlimbs are longer than its forelimbs, it is likely to be a member of the family Hominidae.
True
If the phenotypic ratio is 3:1; the genotypic ratio is ________.
1:2:1
How is Modern Human Variation different from Primate Studies
one is talking exclusively in humans (modern human variation) versus studying all primates. Modern Human Variation is the differences; phentoypically in humans.
How would a scientist identify sexual dimorphism in a fossil.
A female human, the skull would be smaller than a male, the pelvic bone would be different as well. Usually, the female fossil/bones tend to be smaller than the male
What are primitive and derived characteristics?
Primitive Characteristics:
?

Derived Characteristics:
Among a given group of organisms, the shared derived characters are generally the less common characters. The evolutionary interpretation is that these characters of organisms are more recently evolved. They are contrasted with primitive characters. Shared derived characters should have the same structure and function.
T or F:
Pentadactyly is a derived characteristic common to primates.
True
Distal
situated away from the center of the body or the point of attachment
Pronation
put or hold (a hand, foot, or limb) with the palm or sole turned downward
medial
situated near the median plane of the body or midling of an organ
Recessive Allele
rr; opposite of dominant, both parents must have this in order for their child to have the chance of posessing a recessive trait
Autosome
any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
Gene Pool
in a population, all genes from individuals that make up the population and create offspring. (Smaller gene pool = more chance of disease)
Phenotype
the physical traits in an individual (ie: hair color, skin color, ect.)
Hitchhiker's Thumb
a recessive trait where a thumb can bend far back
Temporal Muscle
A muscle by the temporal bone
Coronal
of or relating to the crown of the head; of or in the coronal plane.