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204 Cards in this Set

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tinnitus: pulsatile/clicking, external ear
otitis externa; bullous myringitis; foreign body
tinnitus: pulsatile/clicking middle ear
otitis media; vascular anomalies; neoplasm; eustachian tube dysfunction
tinnitus: pulsatile/clicking inner ear
vascular anomolies
tinnitus: pulsatile/clicking CNS
vascular anomolies; hypertension
tinnitus: nonpulsatile external ear
cerumen; tympanic membrane perforation; foreign body
tinnitus: nonpulsatile middle ear
otosclerosis; serous otitis media
tinnitus: nonpulsatile inner ear
cochlear otosclerosis; meniere's disease; labyrinthitis; noise trauma; drug toxicity; presbycusis
tinnitus: nonpulsatile CNS
syphilis; degenerative disease cerebral atherosclerosis
tinnitus: Spanish
el zumbido del oído
tinnitus: French
le tintement d'oreilles
tinnitus: Chinese
耳鸣(ěrmíng)
bullous myringitis: tinnitus character
pulsatile/clicking
otitis externa: tinnitus character
pulsatile/clicking
vascular anomalies: tinnitus character
pulsatile/clicking
hypertension: tinnitus character
pulsatile/clicking
hypertension: Spanish
la hipertensión
hypertension: French
l'hypertension
hypertension: Arabic
فَرْطُ ضَغْطِ الدَّم
hypertension: Chinese
高血压(gāoxuèyā)
cerumen: tinnitus character
nonpulsatile
tympanic membrane perforation: tinnitus character
nonpulsatile
otosclerosis: tinnitus character
nonpulsatile
serous otitis media: tinnitus character
nonpulsatile
cochlear otosclerosis: tinnitus character
nonpulsatile
meniere's disease: tinnitus character
nonpulsatile
labyrinthitis: tinnitus character
nonpulsatile
noise trauma: tinnitus character
nonpulsatile
drug toxicity: tinnitus character
nonpulsatile
presbycusis: tinnitus character
nonpulsatile
syphilis: tinnitus character
nonpulsatile
syphilis: Spanish
la sífilis
syphilis: French
la syphilis
syphilis: Arabic
زُهْرِيّ
syphilis: Chinese
梅毒(méidú)
cerebral atherosclerosis: tinnitus character
nonpulsatile
maxillary sinus disease: local pain
behind eye; cheek; nose; upper teeth; upper lip
maxillary sinus disease: referred pain
teeth; retrobulbar
maxillary sinus disease: diplopia
yes
maxillary sinus disease: proptosis
yes
maxillary sinus disease: epiphora
yes
maxillary sinus disease: nasal obstructiona dn rhinorrhea
yes
maxillary sinus disease: epistaxis
yes
maxillary sinus disease: loosening of teeth
yes
maxillary sinus disease: orbital swelling
no
maxillary sinus disease: tenderness over inner canthus of eye
no
maxillary sinus disease: tenderness over frontal sinus
no
maxillary sinus disease: pus in middle meatus
no
maxillary sinus disease: signs of meningitis
no
ethmoid sinus disease: local pain
periorbital; retronasal; retrobulbar
ethmoid sinus disease: referred pain
occipital; upper cervical
ethmoid sinus disease: diplopia
yes
ethmoid sinus disease: proptosis
yes
ethmoid sinus disease: epiphora
no
ethmoid sinus disease: epistaxis
no
ethmoid sinus disease: loosening of teeth
no
ethmoid sinus disease: orbital swelling
yes
ethmoid sinus disease: nasal obstruction and purulent rhinorrhea
yes
ethmoid sinus disease: tenderness over inner canthus of eye
yes
ethmoid sinus disease: tenderness over frontal sinus
no
ethmoid sinus disease: pus in middle meatus
no
ethmoid sinus disease: signs of meningitis
no
frontal sinus disease: local pain
supraorbital; frontal
frontal sinus disease: referred pain
bitemporal and occipital
frontal sinus disease: diplopia
no
frontal sinus disease: proptosis
no
frontal sinus disease: epiphora
no
frontal sinus disease: nasal obstructiona dn rhinorrhea
yes
frontal sinus disease: epistaxis
no
frontal sinus disease: loosening of teeth
no
frontal sinus disease: orbital swelling
no
frontal sinus disease: tenderness over inner canthus of eye
no
frontal sinus disease: tenderness over frontal sinus
yes
frontal sinus disease: pus in middle meatus
yes
frontal sinus disease: signs of meningitis
yes
pathologic process location: conductive hearing loss
external canal or middle ear
pathologic process location: sensorineural hearing loss
cochlea; cochlear nerve; or brain stem
loudness of speech: conductive hearing loss
softer than normal
loudness of speech: sensorineural hearing loss
louder than normal
external canal: conductive hearing loss
may be abnormal
external canal: sensorineural hearing loss
normal
tympanic membrane perforation: conductive hearing loss
usually abnormal
tympanic membrane perforation: sensorineural hearing loss
normal
Rinne test: conductive hearing loss
negative
Rinne test: sensorineural hearing loss
positive
Weber test: conductive hearing loss
heard on "deaf" side
Weber test: sensorineural hearing loss
heard on good side (only in severe unilateral loss)
acute otitis media: hearing loss type
conductive
chronic otitis media: hearing loss type
conductive
cerumen: hearing loss type
conductive
trauma: hearing loss type
conductive
serous otitis media: hearing loss type
conductive
otitis externa: hearing loss type
conductive
eustachian tube blockage: hearing loss type
conductive
viral myringitis: hearing loss type
conductive
cholesteatoma: hearing loss type
conductive
otosclerosis: hearing loss type
conductive
mumps labrythitis: hearing loss type
sensorineural
maternal rubella during first trimester: hearing loss type
sensorineural
birth trauma: hearing loss type
sensorineural
congenital syphilis: hearing loss type
sensorineural
meniere's disease: hearing loss type
sensorineural
ototoxic drugs: hearing loss type
sensorineural
viral labyrinthitis: hearing loss type
sensorineural
acoustic neuroma: hearing loss type
sensorineural
presbycusis: hearing loss type
sensorineural
pressure on tragus: acute otitis externa
painful
pressure on tragus: acute otitis media
no pain
lymphadenopathy: acute otitis externa
frequent
lymphadenopathy: acute otitis media
absent
external canal: acute otitis externa
edematous
external canal: acute otitis media
normal
season: acute otitis externa
summer
season: acute otitis media
winter
tympanic membrane perforation: acute otitis externa
normal
tympanic membrane perforation: acute otitis media
fluid behind drum, possibly perforated
fever: acute otitis externa
yes
fever: acute otitis media
yes
hearing loss: acute otitis externa
slight or normal
hearing loss: acute otitis media
yup
aphthous ulcer (canker sore): painful
yep
aphthous ulcer (canker sore): location (oral)
lips, inner cheeks, tongue, palate---only movable mucosa
aphthous ulcer (canker sore): course
recurrent
aphthous ulcer (canker sore): lesion description
maculopapular, ulcerates, erythema at border
herpetic ulcer (cold sore): painful
yep
herpetic ulcer (cold sore): location (oral)
mucocutaneous junction, harde palate, or gingivae
herpetic ulcer (cold sore): course
recurrent
herpetic ulcer (cold sore): lesion description
vesicles, papules, or ulcers...crusting
chancre: painful
no
chancre: location (oral)
lips or tongue
chancre: course
lasts weeks to months
chancre: lesion description
single ulcerated lesion with indurated border; no central necrotic material
chancre: don't forget
look for genital lesions
chancre: Spanish
el chancre
chancre: French
le chancre
chancre: Arabic
قَرْحَة
chancre: Chinese
下疳 xiàgān
squamous cell carcinoma: location (oral)
mucosa of oral cavity
squamous cell carcinoma: lesion description
indurated lesion with indurated and raised border; erythematous base
erythema multiforme: painful
yep
erythema multiforme: location (oral)
starts as bullae, then ulceration
erythema multiforme: course
sudden onset
denture hyperplasia: painful
no
denture hyperplasia: location (oral)
excess tissue at border of denture
denture hyperplasia: lesion description
spongy, erythematous tissue at edge of denture
candidiasis: painful
burning
candidiasis: location (oral)
tongue, inside a cheek,or throat
candidiasis: lesion description
whitish pseudomembrane resembling milk curd. Peels off
candidiasis: don't forget
AIDS!!!
erythroplakia: painful
no
erythroplakia: location (oral)
inside of cheek, tongue, floor of mouth
erythroplakia: lesion description
granular erythematous papules that bleed
leukoplakia: painful
no
leukoplakia: location (oral)
inside of cheek, on tongue, lower lip, or floor of mouth
leukoplakia: lesion description
yperkeratinezed whitish lesion that can't be scraped off
leukoplakia: don't forget
could be AIDS! Also smoking, booze...
lipoma: painful
no
lipoma: location (oral)
mass on inner surface of cheek or tongue
lipoma: course
slow growing
lipoma: lesion description
yellowish, nontender, soft, mobile
lichen planus: painful
usually not, if erosive yes
lichen planus: location (oral)
inner cheeks or tongue
lichen planus: lesion description
white reticulated papules in lacelike pattern, erosive form ulcerated
traumatic ulcer: painful
yep
traumatic ulcer: location (oral)
in an area of a sore
traumatic ulcer: course
week or two
traumatic ulcer: lesion description
single lesion with raised erythema at border
traumatic ulcer: don't forget
patient can frequently relate the cause
mucocele: painful
no
mucocele: location (oral)
lower lip or inside of cheek
mucocele: course
intermittent
mucocele: lesion description
dome shaped cystic lesion; freely mobile
mucocele: cause
related to trauma to ductal system of minor labial salivary glands
hairy tongue: painful
no, just gagging sensation
hairy tongue: location (oral)
top of tongue
hairy tongue: lesion description
elongation of filiform papillae on dorsum of tongue with color change to black/brown
hairy tongue: cause
antibiotic use, excessive mouthwash, poor oral hygiene
fordyce's spots: painful
no symptoms
fordyce's spots: location (oral)
buccal mucosa opposite molar teeth
fordyce's spots: lesion description
clusters of small yellowish raised lesison
fordyce's spots: cause
normal hyperplastic sebaceous glands in older people
candidiasis: occurrence during primary HIV infection
common
candidiasis: occurrence during early HIV disease
occasional
candidiasis: Occurrence during advanced HIV disease
very common
oral hairy leukoplakia: occurrence during primary HIV infection
no
oral hairy leukoplakia: occurrence during early HIV disease
occasional
oral hairy leukoplakia: Occurrence during advanced HIV disease
very common
kaposi's sarcoma: occurrence during primary HIV infection
no
kaposi's sarcoma: occurrence during early HIV disease
rare
kaposi's sarcoma: Occurrence during advanced HIV disease
very common
linear gingival erythema: occurrence during primary HIV infection
no
linear gingival erythema: occurrence during early HIV disease
common
linear gingival erythema: Occurrence during advanced HIV disease
very common
necrotizing gingivitis: occurrence during primary HIV infection
no
necrotizing gingivitis: occurrence during early HIV disease
rare
necrotizing gingivitis: Occurrence during advanced HIV disease
common
necrotizing stomatitis: occurrence during primary HIV infection
no
necrotizing stomatitis: occurrence during early HIV disease
no
necrotizing stomatitis: Occurrence during advanced HIV disease
common
herpes simplex: occurrence during primary HIV infection
no
herpes simplex: occurrence during early HIV disease
occasional
herpes simplex: Occurrence during advanced HIV disease
common
aphthous ulcers: occurrence during primary HIV infection
common
aphthous ulcers: occurrence during early HIV disease
occasional
aphthous ulcers: Occurrence during advanced HIV disease
very common