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75 Cards in this Set

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The gland that releases a hormone that follows diurnal rhythms.
Pineal.
What are some functions of the integumentary system:
Protection, reception of environmental stimuli, and regulation of temperture.
What is a test of the digestive system organ?
Bilirubin.
The result of all chemical and physical reactions in the body that are necessary to sustain life is called:
Metabolism.
What structure in the skin give rise to fingerprints?
Papillae.
The fundamental unit of the nervous system is the:
Neuron.
What body plane divides the body into equal portions?
Midsagittal.
What is a nervous system disorder?
Multiple Sclerosis.
An example of a dorsal cavity is the:
Spinal Cavity.
What is a disorder associated with the skeletal system?
Osteochondritis.
A major cause of respiratory distress in infants and yound children is:
Respiratory Syncytial Virus.
Simple compounds are transformed by the body into complex compounds by a process called:
Anabolism.
The ability of oxygen to combine with this substance in the red blood cells increases the amount of oxygen that can be in the blood by up to 70 times.
Hemoglobin.
This is the "master gland" of the endocrine system.
Pituitary.
Elimination of waste products is a function fo this sytem.
Digestive.
What is a function of the urinary stystem?
Maintain electrolyte balance.
What body system produces blood cells?
Skeletal.
What are some functions of the reproductive system?
Produce gametes, produce hormones, and produce sex cells.
Female gametes are manufactured in the the:
Ovaries.
What is a test of the urinary system?
Creatinine Clearance.
This gland produces "fight or flight" hormones.
Adrenal.
What glands are part of the endocrine system:
Sebaceous.
Glomeruli are structures found in what sytem?
Urinary.
The ability of the body t repair and maintain itself to achieve a "steady state' describes what term?
Homeostasis.
Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is a test of what body system:
Reproductive.
Infant respiratory distress syndrome (IRDS) in premature infants is most often caused by a lack of:
Surfactant.
The gallbladder stores:
Bile.
The rapid plasma reagin (RPR) test is a diagnostic test of what body system?
Reproductive.
What is (are) parts of the peripheral nervous system (PNS)?
Afferent nerves.
What gland is most active before birth and during childhood?
Thymus.
Reinin is secreted by the:
Kidneys.
What type of muscle is under voluntary control?
Skeletal.
What are some structures that are part of the male reproductive system?
Epididymis,prostate, and vas deferens.
What body cavities are separated by the diaphragm:
Abdominal and thoracic.
Excessive growth hormone in adulthood can cause:
Acromegaly.
What is an abbreviation for a test of the respiratory system?
Arterial blood gases. (ABGs)
What tests is most likely a test of the integumentary system?
Fungal Culture.
A hormone that increases metabolism is:
Thyroxine.
The term distal means:
Farthest from the point of attachment.
When you are facing someone in normal anatomic position, at which body plane are you in?
Frontal.
What structures comprise the central nervous system?
Brain and spinal cord.
The layer of the epidermis where mitosis occurs is the:
Stratum Germinativum.
What are disorders of the urinary system?
Cystitis, renal failure, and uremia.
The medical term for elevated blood sugar is:
Hyperglycemia.
Erythropoietin is a hormone secreted by the:
Kidneys.
The layer (s) of the skin containing blood vessels is (are):
Dermis and subcutaneous.
What are some functions of the muscular system:
Producing heat, maintaining posture, and providing movement.
Hepatitis is inflammation of the:
Kidneys.
What infectious disease affecting the respiratory system is caused by a mycobacterium?
Tuberculosis (TB)
What terms describes the type of cells that make up the epidermis?
Epithelial, keratinized, and stratified.
T4 and TSH are abbreviations for tests that measure the function of this gland:
Thyroid.
The heart and lungs are located in this cavity.
Thoraicic.
Growth hormone (GH)levels test the functioning of what gland?
Pituitary.
The exchange of O2 and CO2 in the lungs takes place in the:
Alveoli.
What side is the little toe located on the foot?
On the lateral surface of the foot.
What substances is secreted by the islets of Langerhans of the prancreas?
Insulin.
What structures is part of the digestive system?
Ureter.
Calcitonin levels test the functioning of which glands.
Thyroid.
What laboratory tests is associated with the skeletal system?
Alkaline Phosphatase
Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH) is also called:
Vasopressin.
A person is having difficulty breathing. The term used to describe this condition"
Dysphnea.
This body system is responsible for releasing hormones directly into the blood stream.
Endocrine.
What body planes divides the body into upper and lower portions?
Transverse.
A disease in which the islet of Langerhans are unable to produce insulin is :
Daibetes Mellitus Type I.
What is a type of nervous system test?
Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF) Anaysis.
What body system controls and coordinates the activites of all the other body systems?
Nervous.
What is a diagnostic test associated with the muscular system?
Creatine Kinase. (CK)
What is a disorder of the integumentary system?
Impetigo.
The avascular layer of the skin is the:
Epidermis.
Pancreatitis is a disorder of this system.
Digestive.
Waht side is the big toe located on the foot?
The big toe is on the medial side of the foot.
What organs has endocrine functions?
Kidneys, placenta, and the stomach.
What are male gametes?
Spermatozoa.
Amylase and lipase are diagnostic test associated with what system:
Digestive.
Wasting or decrease in size of a muscle do to inactivity is called:
Atrophy.