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26 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
self identity
both a real, and metaphysical fact.
Real, in that it is an inner, lived intuitive experience.
Metaphysical, in that it is a distinct, yet inseperable reality.
2 Important aspects of a person
Substantial part- that which exist in itself, and not in others
Relational part- that which exists to others, and is active and self communicating.
dyadic nature of human beings
extrovert (towards others, communal) and introver (in itself)
to "be" fully is
to be substance in relation
Incommunability
The individual, inalienable, and inseperable part of a human
-THat which seperates a human from others
-enables a human to live subjectively
communicable portion
that which a human has in common with others
-enables a human to live in community
presence
Natural sacrimentality in which nature is shocked through with holiness
Man's relation with nature
The physical world, a world of consistency, cosmos, and on the threshold on language
man's relation with humans
enters into language, the psychial world, eros, and a world of sensibility
man's relation with divine beings
a world of validity, logos, without language, yet creates it, and noetic world
Life with Nature
Four empedoclean elements (earth, fire, water, and air) the subthresholds of relation

Botanical entities- the presholds of relation

Zoological elements- the threshold of relation
Hartshorne
Said that we could have an I thou relationship with trees because they have souls and exist as a part of an animate soul
Unity model
We can have an I thou relationship with a tree and other parts of nature because they are one, which leads to a relationship. THis ultimately leads to patheism, a mystical union, or immersion, which is rejected by Buber
Rejection of the union model
Buber says that just because we relate to something doesn't mean we are in union with them

Relationship rests on two contentions
1. relation is only possible between human-nature
2. there are different degrees of mutuality.
Kant
- humans should never be treated simply as a means to an end, but rather as an end
-buber extended this to nature
I-It
an object which is recognized from experience/use
I-THou
that to which I respond my whole being as you
I-it
abstract, meditated, past-future, one sided, leads to poverty and the collection of material things, ego, partial involvement
I-Thou
TOtal involvement, spontanteous, present, exclusivity, mutual, lead to mutuality and reciprocity, person, and grow in abssubstatiality
Socrates
solidarity is not detatchment from earth, but a dialogue with humans
Goethe
perfect example of I in communion with nature
Jesus
The solidarity of relation
Napolean
contrasted to Jesus in that he said I without entering into relation
Two types of Absorption
Unification-A person is united with God, and gives up their will to him
elimination of the I

Identification- Same as above, but the person freely choses to anihhilate their will
two types of solitude
1. That from which someone has turned

2. The toward which someone has turned
"The true constitution of a person is the relations which they make"

" A person is not a person until they enter into relation"

Problem?
Ignores the solitude and selfhood of a person

Excludes a person who is unable to enter into a inter-personal relationship with others (fetus, comatose)