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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
study of methods and principles used to distinguish correct from incorrect reasoning
logic
an assertion that is either TRUE or FALSE
proposition
a statement that contains 2 or more propositions
compound proposition
a statement where one of two things asserted is true; "EITHER-OR"
disjunctive proposition
a statement where one thing asserted is dependent on another thing; "IF, THEN"
hypothetical (or conditional) proposition
If it is raining, then it is cloudy. "If it is raining.." is the ________ of the sentence.
antecedent
If it is raining, then it is cloudy. "..then it is cloudy." is the _______ of the sentence.
consequent
the process of using the premises to arrive at a conclusion
inference
the supporting propositions in an argument
premises
the proposition that is affirmed on the basis of the supporting propositions
conclusion
a hypothetical propostion is false only when....
the antecedent is true and the consequent is false
an inductive argument CAN/CANNOT be valid.
CANNOT
an inductive argument CAN/CANNOT be sound.
CANNOT
you have a ____ argument when: if all premises are true, the conclusion must be true.
valid
you have a _____ argument when: the conclusion is not necessarily true, even if all the premises are true.
invalid
a _____ argument claims to support the conclusion with certainity
deductive
a ________ argument claims to support conclusion with only some degree of probability
inductive
an argument can be true. TRUE OR FALSE?
FALSE, any argument cannot be described with the terms "true" or "false"
an argument can be invalid. TRUE OR FALSE?
TRUE
a premise can be valid. TRUE OR FALSE?
FALSE, a premise can not be described using the terms "valid" or "invalid"
a premise can be _______ or ______.
true; false
an argument can be ________ or ________.
valid; invalid
(also sound)
if an argument is valid, it could also be _______.
sound
an argument that is valid and all the premises are true
sound argument
when the conclusion of a passage is a well-known fact, we can say the passage is a ___________.
explanation
An argument's conclusion is a well-known fact. TRUE OR FALSE?
FALSE. An explanation's explanandum (conclusion) is a well-known fact.
In an explanation, the premises are called _________ and the conclusion is called the ____________.
explanans; explanandum
To determine if a passage is an argument or an explanation, look at the __________.
conclusion
One good way to decide what is the conclusion and what are the premises is to look for _________ ______ and _____ _________.
conclusion indicators and premise indicators
STUDY CONCLUSION INDICATORS AND PREMISE INDICATORS.
repeat.