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74 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Coumadin
Warfarin
Bayer
Aspirin
Ticlid
Ticlodipine
Plavix
Clopitrogel
Lovenox
Enoxaprin
Fragmin
Dalteparin
ALTEPHASE
Activase
Urokinase
ABBOKINASE
Streptokinase
Kabikinase, Streptase
Lipitor
Atorvastantin
Baycol
Cerivastatin
Adderal
Amphetamine/dextroamphetamine
Ritalin
Methyphenidate
1. Anticoagulants and Antiplatelets Drags are indicated for what?
Prevent clot formation and reduce the risk of clot formation
Anticoagulants prevent what?
Prevent clot formation
Antiplatelets reduce the risk of forming clots how?
Inhibiting Platelet aggregation/gathering or sticking together.
What is the primary purpose in administering Heparin, low molecular weight Heparin or Coumadin?
Preventing fatal blood clotting and insure proper coagulation.
What is the generic name for Coumadin?
Warfarin
True or false. Coumadin is a Vitamin K antagonist?
True
What warning label must be placed on Coumadin?
Do not take with aspirin or other NSAIDS drugs.
May cause bleeding.
What does ASA stand for?
Aspirin
What is the generic name for Bayer?
Aspirin
What can ASA be used for? if low close ASA 81mg is being taken by a person on a daily basis, why is he/she on it?
To thin the blood and prevent blood clotting.
What is a side effect of ASA? What can
form if too much ASA or NSAID's are taken?
GI upset
Bleeding

Peptic Ulcers
True or False. Coumadin must be closely monitored and blood must be drawn on a regular basis?
False: drawing too much blood can lead to bleeding and bruising.
What is the generic name of Plavix?
Clopitrogel
Plavix is indicated for what?
Stroke Prevention and the reoccurance of strokes.
What is a primary dangerous side effect of Plavix?
Bleeding
If on Coumadin or Plavix the patient should be made aware of the fact that he/she can bruise easily. True OR false.
True
What are some advantages of low-molecular weight heparins?
prevents the ability of clots to form
How are low-molecular weight Heparins administered typically?
By IV Introveniously
What is the difference between thrombolytic agents and anticoagulants?
Anticoagulants prevent clotting.


Antithrombolitics dissolve clots.
What is the time frame in which TPA,
Urokinase or Streptokinase must be mixed, delivered and administered?
10 minutes
Thrombolytic agents are also referred to as what?
Fibrinolitic drugs.
DVT MEANS...
DEEP VEIN THROMBOSIS
PE MEANS...
PULMONARY EMBOLISM
TPA MEANS...
TISSUE PLASMINOGEN ACTIVATOR
TIA MEANS...
TRANSIENT ISCHEMIC ATTACK
TIA MEANS...
TRANSIENT ISCHEMIC ATTACK
Anticoagulants and Antiplatelets
Coumadin/Warfarin PO IV
Bayer/Aspirin
Ticlid/Ticlodipine
Plavix /clopitrogel
Lovenox/enoxaprin
LOW MOLECULAR WEIGHT HEPRINS
Fragmin/dalteparin
FIBRINOLITIC/THROMBOLITIC DRUGS
(CLOT BUSTERS)
ALTEPLASE TPA=Tissue Plasminogenic Activator
ACTIVASE/CATHFLO
Urokinase/ABBOKINASE
Hyperlipidemia- High Cholesterol Drugs
Reductase Inhibitors/ANTILIMPEMICS
Lipitor/ atorvastantin
Baycol/cerivastatin
Lescol/fluvastatin
Mevacor/lovastatin
Pravachol/pravastatin
Zocor/SIMVASTATIN/SYNVINOLIN
What neurotransmitter does SSRI's specifically work on?
Serotonin
True or False. SSRI's have more side effects than other antidepressants
FALSE
What characterizes depression? If a person has depression, what symptoms are they showing?
LACK OF INTREST IN ACTIVITY
LOW MOODS
LACK OF ENERGY
WEIGHT LOSS OR WEIGHT GAIN
HEAVY USE OF ALCOHOL
True or False. Patients can feel an effect within hours of taking antidepressants
FALSE
What is the generic name for Zoloft?
Sertraline
What is the generic name for Celexa?
citalopram
Nortriptyline is what kind of antidepressant?
TCA TRYCYCLIC ANTIDEPRESSANT
Nortriptyline is what kind of antidepressant?
TCA TRYCYCLIC ANTIDEPRESSANT
What is the brand name for Fluoxetine?
Prozac
Xanax, Ativan and Valium are what kind of drugs and what indication are they used for?
Seizures
Xanax, Ativan and Valium are what kind of drugs and what indication are they used for?
Seizures
What is the brand name for paroxetine? Paxil
Paxil
What 2 warning labels should go on all antidepressants and anti-anxiety meds?
Avoid alcohol.
MAY cause drowsiness
True or False. Antidepressant medications can lower seizure threshold.
TRUE
True or False. Antidepressant medications can lower seizure threshold.
TRUE
True or False. Antidepressant medications can lower seizure threshold.
TRUE
What is the generic name for Elavil?
Amitripaline
What kind of antidepressant is Elavil?
Amitriptaline/ TRICYCLIC ANTIDEPRESSANTS
Which antidepressant is used to treat enuresis (bed wetting) for children and what type of antidepressant is it? Inipramine
Inipramine
Zyban is an antidepressant indicated for what?
SMOKING
What is the generic name for Zyban? Buproprion
Buproprion
What is the generic name for Wellbutrin?
Buproprion
Ativan is indicated for anxiety, but what other indication does it have?
Stops seizures, alcohol and pain withdrawl
20. What is the brand name for citalopram?
CELEXA
What type of antidepressant is Citalopram?
SSRI
Name 2 common side effects of SSRI's
Drowsiness, headache nausea
What is the mechanism of action for SSRI's?
Blocks serotonin reuptake
Tricyclic antidepressants yield anticholinergic side effects. What is meant by anticholinergic and give me 2 examples of anticholinergic side effects.
Dehydrates or retains water, constipation, dry mouth dry eyes
True or false. Antidepressants should be stopped or discontinued whenever the patient feels better.
FALSE
What term is referred to when you have to slowly wean or cut back a person's dosage strength/quantity?
Tapering off
True or false. MAOI's have few interactions with other drugs
FALSE
True or false. MAOI's have few interactions with other drugs
FALSE