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20 Cards in this Set

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What do alpha adrenergic inhibitors do?
antagonize contractions in bladder and prostate
What alpha adrenergic is more selctive to prostate alpha 1A receptors?
FLOMAX (tamsulosin)
What do DHT inhibitors do?
block 5-alpha reductase
reduce gland size over 6 months
What is an example of a DHT inhibitor?
PROSCAR(finasteride) 5mg daily

TERTOGENIC
propecia 1mg for male pattern baldness
what treatments are available for osteoporosis?
1.) Calcitonin
2.) Bisphosphonates
3.) SERMS
4.) Human parathyroid hormone
Calcitonin
Intranasal
Inhibits bone resorption
Bisphosphonates
inhibit osteoclasts & resorption
work on skeletal bone mass
examples of Bisphosphonates
1.)Fosamax(alendronate)-1/week
shown to prevent Fx of hip
2.)Actonel(residronate)-1/week
3.)Boniva(ibandronate)-1/month
4.)Didronel(etidronate)
osteomalacia w/ long term use
example of SERMS
Evista (reloxifene)
promotes increased bone density
Lowers LDL
no increased risk of BC or UC
increase hot flashes
increase risk for DVT or PE
example of human parathyroid hormone
FORTEO(teriparatide)
SQ injections in thigh or abdomen
stimulates bone formation
aggravates urolithiasis
NO in osteosarcoma risk pts
what are the 3 groups of muscle relaxants?
1.)sedative/CNS depressants
2.)other centerally acting
3.) miscellaneous
Skelaxin (metaxalone)
less sedating
not generic so $$$$$
Parafon forte(chlorzoxazone)
low sedation
Robaxin(methocarbamol)
med sedation
Soma(cardisoprodol)
short term use due to potential abuse
Baclofen (lioresal)
only for CNS dz
severe toxicity if OD
Valium(diazepam)
last resort
short term
other centerally acting agents
Flexeril(cyclobenzaprine)
relates to TCA
very sedating
peripherally caused muscle spasm
Zanflex (tizanidine)
alpha 2 adrenergic receptor agonist
average sedation
centrally mediated mycoplasmolytic action
4 kinds of weight loss drugs
1.) Meridia:long term use
2.)Fastin: short term
3.)Xenical: increase fat excretion