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5 Cards in this Set

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Antidepressants used for panic disorder:
i. SSRIs are first-line drugs for panic disorder. At this time, only two SSRIs – paroxetine [Paxil] and sertraline [Zoloft] – are approved for this disorder. The SSRIs decrease the frequency and intensity of attacks, anticipatory anxiety, and avoidance behavior
ii. TCAs are second-line drugs for panic disorder. They should be used only after a trial with at least on SSRI has failed. Although they are as effective as SSRIs, they are not as well tolerated. The TCAs include imipramine [Tofranil] and clomipramine [Anafranil]
iii. MOAs such as phenelzine are very effective in panic disorder but are difficult to use
The first-line drugs for OCD disorder are:

Fluoxetine [Prozac]
Fluvoxamine [Luvox]
Paroxetine [Paxil]
Sertraline [Zoloft]
Although they are not approved to treat OCD, citalopram [Celexa] and escitalopram [Lexapro] may also be effective
The second-line drug for OCD disorder:
The TCA clomipramine [Anafranil], which is as effective as the SSRIs but not as well-tolerated
Drug therapy for social anxiety disorder:
a. SSRIs such as paroxetine [Paxil] and sertraline [Zoloft] are considered first-line drugs
b. Benzodiazepines such as clonazepam [Konopin] and alprazolam [Xanax]
c. Propanolol [Inderal] and other beta blockers can benefit patients with performance anxiety
Three core components of PTSD
1. Re-experiencing the event
2. Avoiding reminders of the event
3. A persistent state of hyperarousal