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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
based on the notion that the task of psychology is to analyze consciousness into its basic elements and investigate how these elements are related
the careful, systematic observation of one's own conscious experience
belief that psychology should investigte the function or purpose of consciousness
natural selection
inherited characteristics that provide a survival or reproductive advantage are more likely than alternative characteristics to be passed on to subsequent generations and thus come to be "selected" over time
theoretical orientation based on the premise that scientific psychology should study only observable behavior
any overt (observable) response or activity by an organism
contains thoughts, memories, and desires that are well below the surface of conscious awareness but that nonetheless exert great influence on behavior
psychoanalytic theory
attempts to explain personality, motivation, and mental disorders by focusing on unconscious determinants of behavior
theoretical orientation that emphasizes the unique qualities of humans especially their freedom and their potential for personal growth
applied psychology
branch of psychology concerned with everyday, practical problems
clinical psychology
concerned with diagnosis and treament of psychological problems and disorders
mental processes involved in acquiring knowledge
evolutionary psychology
examines behavioral processes in terms of their adaptive value for members of a species over the course of many generations
science that studies behavior and the physiological and cognitive processes that underlie behavior; profession that applies the accumulated knowledge of this science to practical problems
the premise that knowledge should be acquired through observation
a system of interrelated ideas used to explain a set of ovservations
the widely shared customs, beliefs, values, norms, institutions, and other products of a community that are transmitted socially across genertions
a study system designed to promote effective reading by means of five steps: survey, question, read recited, and review
the ability to use the characteristics and format of a cognitive test to maximize one's score
critical thinking
use of cognitive skills and strategies that increase the probability of a desirable outcome