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28 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What diseases do children in the US receive vaccines for?
• diptheria
• Haemphilus influenza (type B)
• HBV
• influenza
• measles, mumps, rubella
• pertussis
• poliomyelitis
• S. pneumoniae
• tetanus
• varicella
What is the recommended age for administering Hep B vaccine?
give at birth, 1 month, and 6 months (3 doses)
At what age should the DTaP (Diptheria, Tetanus, Pertussis) vaccine be given?
15 months
At what age should the HiB (Hemophilus influenzae type B) vaccine be given?
12 months
At what age should the IPV (inactivated poliovirus) be given?
6 months
At what age should the MMR vaccine be given?
6 months
At what age should the varicella vaccine be given?
12 months
At what age should the PCV (pneumococcal vaccine) be given?
12 months
At what age should the influenza vaccine be given?
6 months (given yearly)
What percentage of birth weight is lost in the first few days of life?
• 10%
• regained by 2 weeks with normal nutrition
What usually signals the end of the female growth spurt?
menarche
Which senses are well-developed at birth?
• hearing
• smell
• taste
When does the Moro reflex disappear?
by 4-6 months
When does the rooting reflex disappear?
• PD book says 3-4 months
• Nelson's says 4-6 months
When does the palmar and plantar grasp reflexes disappear?
• Palmar: by 3-4 months
• Plantar: by 6-8 months
When does the assymetric tonic neck reflex disappear?
by 2-3 months
At what ages can infants roll over?
3 months
At what ages do infants reach for objects?
4-5 months
At what age can infants oppose their thumb (pick up blocks)?
7 months
At what age can infants sit without support?
7 months
At what age should babbling begin?
by age 6-10 months
At what age does object permanence develop?
9 months
What are absolute contraindications to breast feeding?
• maternal TB
• certain inborn errors in metabolism that require special formulas (ex. Galactosemia)
• HIV
• women who are receiving chemotherapy
What are recommended caloric intakes for infants?
100 Kcal/kg/day to 120 Kcal/kg/day
What is the most common cause of failure-to-thrive?
psychosocial neglect
Why should infants drink whole milk until age 2?
• fat helps brain development
• helps myelinization of nerves
What is the definition of obesity?
• > 120% ideal body weight
• > 85 th percentile triceps skinfold
• > 30% body mass index
The ductus arteriosus connects which two vessels?
• aortic arch
• pulmonary artery