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49 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Sagittal
Divides body into right and left portions
Frontal plane
divides body into anterior and posterior portions
transverse plane
divides body into superior and inferior portions
superior
nearer to the head
inferior
nearer to the feet
anterior
nearer to the front
posterior
nearer to the back
medial
nearer to the middle
lateral
farther from the middle
proximal
nearer to the trunk or origin
distal
farther from the trunk or origin
superficial
nearer to or on the surface
deep
farther down from the surface
external
toward or on the exterior
internal
toward or in the interior
flexion
bending or decreasing angle between body parts
extension
straightening or increasing angle between body parts
abduction
moving away from the midline of body
adduction
moving towards the midline (adding to the body)
rotation
moving around the long axis
circumduction
circular movement combining flexion, extension, abduction, and adduction
eversion
moving sole of foot away from mid-line of body (hard to do)
inversion
moving sole of foot toward mid-line of body (foot stretch)
supination
rotating forearm and hand laterally (bowl of soup)
pronation
rotating forearm and hand medially. (palm down)
protrusion
moving anteriorly (tongue out)
retrustion
moving posteriorly (tongue in)
protraction
moving anteriorly (reaching out, or push up)
retraction
moving posteriorly (pulling hand back, reverse pushup)
elevation
moving superiorly (shrug)
depression
moving inferiorly (relax shoulders)
Types of Joints
fibrous, cartilaginous, synovial
fibrous
bone ends/parts united by collagenic fibers

immobile or slightly mobile
cartilaginous
bone ends/parts united by cartilage

immoble or slightly movable
synovial
bone ends/parts covered with articular cartilage and enclosed within an articular capsul lined with synovial membrane

freely movable
Type of synovial joins
planar
hinge
pivot
condyloid
saddle
ball and socket
Pivot
Interface between a rounded/conical surface and a ring"sleeve" surface
Planar
interface between two flat articular surfaces
Hinge
interface between a convex/cylindreical surface and a concave/cylindrical groove
condyloid
interface between an oval surface and a complementary concave surface
saddle
interface between two surfaces both having convex and concave features
ball and socket
interface between a spherical surface and a complementary concave surface
Atlanto-occipital
condyloid joint
atlas and occipital
flexion - extension - circumduction
atlanto-axial
pivot joint
atlas and axis
rotation
between adjacent vertebral bodies
cartilaginous joint
slight movement
between articular facets
planar joint
gliding
sternocostal
cartilaginous joint
sternum and costal
no movement
vertebrocostal
planar joint
thoracic vertebrae and ribs
gliding
sacroiliac
planar joint
sacrum and ilium
gliding