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40 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What does the muscular system do?
directly causes mechanical motion
What does the integumentary system do?
it protects underlying organs from mechanical damage
What does the digestive system do?
it breaks down ingested food into its building blocks
What does the respiratory system do?
it's the site of gas exchange between the atmosphere and the body
What does the nervous system do?
it responds to environmental changes by transmitting electrical impulses
What does the cardiovascular system do?
it delivers oxygen and nutrients to the tissues
What does the urinary system do?
it rids the body of nitrogen-containing wastes
What does the skeletal system do?
it provides support and levers for muscles to work on
What does the reproductive system do?
it is the site of fetal development
What cavity is the stomach located in?
abdominopelvic
What cavity are the intestines located in?
abdominopelvic
What cavity is the brain located in?
cranial
What cavity is the bladder located in?
abdominopelvic
What cavity is the heart located in?
thoracic
What cavity is the uterus located in?
abdominopelvic
What cavity are the lungs located in?
thoracic
Describe the cardiac.
has close junctions called intercalated disks

forms the walls of the heart
describe the skeletal system.
voluntary. you consciously control its action

large multinucleated cells with striations
describe smooth muscles.
involved in peristalsis, emptying of the bladder, the birth process

found in the walls of hollow organs
What is the epiphysis?
the end of a long bone

site of spongy bone in adults
What is the diaphysis?
the shaft of a long bone

site of compact bone in adults
What is the epiphyseal disk?
site of longitudinal growth in a child
What is the medullary cavity?
area where yellow marrow is located

site of fat storage in adults
What is the endosteum?
membrane that lines the medullary cavity
What is red marrow?
site of hemopoiesis in adults
What is the periosteum?
site of formation and repair of bone tissue
Tendons and ligaments are composed primarily of _____
fibrous connective tissue
bone cells are arranged in concentric circles around longitudinal tubes called ____
osteonic canals
What is an example of cellular fragments?
blood platelets
the muscle tissue that can be consciously controlled is _____
skeletal
Cardiac muscle is found in the wall of the ____
heart
smooth muscle is found in the wall of the ____
stomach and intestine
the type of epithelium that lines the urinary bladder and many of the urinary passageways is _____
transitional
the type of muscle found in blood vessels is _____
smooth
bacteria within inflamed tissues are usually destroyed by ____
phagocytes
the substance called pus contains _____
bacteria, tissue fluid, and white blood cells
membranes lining body cavities that lack openings to the outside are called ____
serous
What is true about the skin?
the dermis is usually thicker than the epidermis

the epidermis is composed of stratified squamous epithelium

the dermis contains smooth muscle and nerve tissue
What is an example of the serous membrane?
the lining of the thorax
adipose tissue _____
functions as an insulator and site of energy storage