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32 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Anterior Cruciate Ligament; from anterior tibia to lateral posterior fibular condyle. Prevents tibia from moving forward on femur. Blow from back makes it taught and it snaps.
Posterior cruciate ligament; from back of tibia to medial fibular condyle; prevents femur from moving back on fixed foot. Hit from front of knee, posterior snaps.
Tibiotalar ligaments (4)
Ant/post tibiotalar, tibionavicular, tibiocalcaneal. Prevent excessive eversion, protect medial ankle joint.
Talofibular ligaments (3)
Ant/post talofibular, calcaneofibular; most sprains here.
Spring ligament
plantar calcaneonavicular
long plantar
under calcaneus to tarsals
Ankle ligaments
Anterior/posterior tibiotalar, tibionavicular, tibiocalcaneal, anterior/posterior talofibular, calcaneofibular, plantar calcaneonavicular, long plantar.
Medial ankle ligaments
support the medial border of the ankle and prevent excessive eversion of the foot.
anterior/posterior tibiotalar ligaments
run from tibia to talus bone on medial ankle; anterior is anterior to medial malleolus, posterior is behind it.
tibiocalcaneal ligament
runs from tibia to calcaneus; prevents excessive eversion
runs from tibia to navicular bone, which sits directly in front of the talus.
anterior/posterior talofibular ligaments
protect the lateral ankle from excessive inversion. connects the fibula to the talus.
supports the lateral ankle; runs from the calcaneus (heel) to the fibula
plantar calcaneonavicular ligament
spring ligament; helps create the gait of our walk. connects the calcaneus, ankle, to the navicular, most medial in front of talus.
long plantar ligament
connects the calcaneus to the tarsals; runs on bottom surface of foot.
Ligaments of the hip
Iliofemoral, Ischiofemoral, pubofemoral
Y ligament; prevents excessive abduction
Y ligament; prevents excessive abduction
prevents excessive abduction
ischiofemoral ligament
prevents excessive internal rotation of femur/hip
collateral ligaments
connect bone to bone along the sides of a joint, like the knee and ankle
Knee ligaments
medial collateral, lateral collateral, anterior cruciate, posterior cruciate
medial/lateral collateral ligaments
protect the lateral sides of the knee joint, a blow to the side of knee results in a sprain here.

Ligaments sprain, muscles strain.
3 types of joints
Synarthoris, Amphiarthrosis, Diarthrosis
fibrous; not much movement.
2 types:
-Suture - skull
-Syndesmosis - tibia/fibula
Cartilaginous, two types:
Synchondrosis - hyaline cartlg between two bones, like ribs/sternam.
Symphisis - fibrocartilage between two bones, like pubis symphysis.
freely moveable; synovial joints.
6 types:
Gliding, hinge, ball/socket, condyloid, saddle, pivot.
Symphysis joints in lower extremity
Pubic symphysis
Pivot joints in body
at C2, axis between head and spine.
Hinge joints in lower extremity
Knee, moves in sagittal plane.
Ankle, moves in sagittal plane.
Interphalangeal, as in between distal/intermediate and intermediate/proximal phalanges.
Condyloid joints in lower extremity
Metatarsophalangeal; basically the joints between the actual toes and the foot bones. Toes curl and flare, so it's a condyloid joint.
Ball and Socket joint in lower extremity
Hip joint; moves in free three-D rotation.