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114 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The microscopic study of tissue for diseases is called a ?
Biopsy
The medical term for grows in one place is ?
In situ
Agents that cause cancer such as, chemicals,Drugs,Radiation &
Viruses are called ?
Carcinogens
Treatment with drugs is called ?
Chemotherapy
Define - Neoplasm
New growth; benign or malignant tumors
The medical term for evaluating the degree of maturity of tumor cells/ a
component used to make a prognoses is known as ?
Grading
Treatments of tumors using doses of radiation is called ?
Radiation Therapy
The disease of excessive cell growth is ?
Cancer
The medical term for the study of tumors is ?
Oncology
Define - Malignant
Cancerous

Harmful
The spread of a malignant tumor to a secondary site is known as
Metastasis
Assisting primary treatment is known as
Adjuvant therapy
Loss of differentiation of cells; reversion to more primitive cell type is known as
Anaplasia
Extending beyond normal tissue boundaries into adjacent tissues is known as
Infiltrative
Having the ability to enter and destroy surrounding tissue is referred to as
Invasive
Replication of cells; two identical cells that are produced from a parent cell is known as
Mitosis
The cellular substance that is important in protein synthesis is
RNA (ribonucleic acid)
The infectious agent that reproduces by entering a host cell and using the host's genetic material to make copies of itself is called a
Virus
Rays given off by the sun are called
Ultraviolet radiation (UV-rays)
An agent such as Hydrocarbon, Insecticide & hormone that causes cancer is known as
Chemical Carcinogen
The genetic material within the nucleus that controls replication,cell division and protein syntheses is called ?
DNA (Deoxyribonucleic Acid)
Region of DNA/genetic material in tumor cells or in viruses that cause cancer are called ?
Oncogen
The change in the genetic material (DNA) of a cell is known as ?
Mutation
Energy that is carried by a stream of particles is known as ?
radiation
Give the medical term for a malignant tumor of a gland
Adenocarcinoma
Give the medical term for a malignant tumor of a bone
Osteosarcoma
Give the medical term for a non-cancerous/ harmless tumor
Benign
Give the medical term for the specialization of cells
Differentiation
Give the medical term for a new growth/tumor
Neoplasm
Give the medical term for cancer treatment using drugs
Chemotherapy
Give the medical term for the study of tumors
Oncology
Give the medical term for cancerous/harmful tumor
Malignent
Give the medical term for a localized cancer
Carcinoma in situ
Give the medical term for an increase growth in the number of cells
Hyperplasia
The medical term for Pt abnormal growth of cells is ?
Dysplastic
A tumor resembling a polyp is called ?
Polypoid
Give the medical term for the spread of a malignant tumor to a secondary site
Metastasis
The recurrence of a tumor after treatment is called a
Relapse
A detailed plan for treatment of an illness is known as a
Protocol
A cancerous tumor derived from connective tissue or flesh tissue is known as a
Sarcoma
Tumors composed of different types of tissue such as, epithelial & connective tissue are called ?
Mixed-tissue
The method of treatment, such as surgery, chemotherapy, or irradiation is known as ?
Modality
The condition of being unwell/diseased or deficient in normal function is known as ?
Morbidity
The use of the body's own defenses to destroy tumor cells is known as
Biological therapy
A cancerous tumor made up of cells of epithelial origin is called ?
Carcinoma
The term Encapsulated means ?
Surrounded by a capsule
What type of tumor is encapsulated ?
Benign tumor
The exposure to any form of radiant energy such as light, heat, or x-rays is known as ?
Irradiation
The system of evaluating the extent of the spread of tumors is called ?
Staging of tumors
Complex, naturally occurring chemicals derived from cholesterol and that are used in cancer chemotherapy are called ?
Steroids
An experiment performed in a laboratory with chemicals in glass is known as ?
In Vitro
An experiment preformed in a living animal is known as ?
In Vivo
The medical term for Pt to death is ?
Leathal
What is the term used to remove substances from a cavity using a suction ?
Aspiration
The medical term for malnutrition associated with cancer is ?
Cachexia
What is the medical term for a cancerous tumor of a gland ?
Adenocarsinoma
The medical term for the formation of blood vessels is ?
Angiogenesis
What is the medical term for processing a stem or stalk ?
Pedunculated
Name the three types of malignant tumors
Carcinoma

Sarcoma

Mixed Tissue
What type of tissue is involved in a carcinoma ?
Epithelial
What type of tissue is involved in a sarcoma ?
Connective tissue

&

Blood forming tissue
What type of tissue is involved in mixed tissue ?
Epithelial tissue

&

Connective tissue
What are the common ways to treat cancer ?
Surgery

Radiation Therapy

Chemotherapy

Biological
alveol/o
small sac
cac/o
bad
carcin/o
cancer

cancerous
cauter/o
heat

burn
chem/o
chemical

drug
cry/o
cold
cyst/o
sac of fluid
fibr/o
fibers
follicul/o
small glandular sacs
fung/i
fungus

mushroom
mudull/o
soft

inner part
mucos/o
mucous membrane
mut/a
genetic change
mutagen/o
causing genetic change
necr/o
death
onc/o
tumor
papill/o
nipple-like
pharmac/o
chemical

drug
plas/o
formation
ple/o
many

more
polyp/o
polyp
prot/o
first
radi/o
rays
sarc/o
flesh

connective tissue
What is reformation?
Reformation is an Equitable Defense – used where the agreement was incorrectly recorded.
xer/o
dry
-blastoma
immature cell
-genesis
formation
-oma
tumor

mass
-plasia
formation

growth
-plasm
formation

growth
-suppression
to stop
-therapy
treatment
ana-
up

apart

backward

again

anew
apo-
off

away
brachy-
short

distance
epi-
upon

above
meta-
beyond

change
tele-
far
-ary
pertaining to
-oid
derived from

resembling
-ptosis
drop

sag

prolapse
-stomia
condition of the mouth
-stasis
to stop

control

place
anti-
against
dys-
bad

painful

difficult

abnormal
hyper-
above

excessive
Benign tumors _________

while

Malignant tumors _______
grow slowly

multiply rapidly
Benign tumors are _______ & _______

and

Malignant tumors are______&_______
Noninvasive & encapsulated


Invasive & infiltrative
Benign tumors are _____-_____

while

Malignant tumors are ______ & _____
well-differentiated

Anaplastic & undifferentiated
Benign tumors are ___-_____ and therefore __________

Malignant tumors are _______ & ________ and are therefor_____
non-metastatic & don't spread

metastatic, invasive & spread easily