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25 Cards in this Set

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purpose of highway transportation system (hts)
safe and efficient movement of people and goods from one place to another
Top 11 driving errors
1.not attending path of travel (POT)
2.driving 5 or more mph too fast
3.driving too fast through a curve
4.inadequate search at an intersection and thus pulled in front of cross traffic
5.involved lack of attention at an intersection and being struch by another driver
6.improper evasive action
7.failed to maintain visual lead-line of sight-LOS
8.failed to see action developing at the side of the roadway
9.following too closely=4 sec minimum
10.willfully taking the right-of-way
11. distracted
2 things you can control about driving
speed, lane position
three categories of road signs
regulatory,warning,information
meaning of road sign colors:
green
yellow
blue sign
orange
brown
yellow
black/white
red:prohibitive
yellow:warning
white:regulatory
orange:road work
blue:motorist services
green:guidance of informational
brown:historical,cultural,recreational
Meanings road sign shapes:
octagon
triangle
pentagon
circle
diamond
horizontal rectangle
vertical rectangle
octagon:stop
triangle:yield
pentagon:school
circle:railroad
diamond:warning
horizontal ractangle:guide
vertical rectangle:regulatory
x-railroad crossing
RR sign
advanced warning of crossbuck ahead
Crossbuck
means same as yield sign unless there is a stop sign. Need to stop if: gates down, bells, flashing lights
yield sign
reduce speed, if needed for safety stop as for a stop sign,yield right of way to traffic at intersection (including pedestrians and cyclists)
Basic rule law
The basic rule states you must drive at a speed that is reasonable
and cautious for existing conditions. The basic rule applies on all
streets and highways at all times.
Maximum oregon speed limits in/on a(n):
alley
business district+school zone
residential district+public park
highway
interstate
Maximum oregon speed limits in/on a(n):
alley: 15 mph
business district+school zone:20 mph
residential district+public park:25 mph
highway:55 mph
interstate:60
4 deadly D's
driving while drunk
driving while drowsy
driving while drugged
driving while distracted
LSMILE
Lock the door
Seat and seatbelt adjustment
Mirror adjustment
Ignition
Lights
Emergency brake
Hand position on steering wheel
8:00 and 4:00
Evaluate 3 things before driving
evaluate:
yourself
your vehicle
your environment
HOV lane
designated by a painted white diamond. High occupancy vehicle lane: carpool lane
Pre-drive procedures
1:approach vehicle with awareness(key in hand)
2:check outside of vehicle for: broken glass,condition of tires, fluid leak, obstacles,position of tires.
3:check inside
4:store valuables in turnk, or out of sight
5:get your rear end in the seat(push tailbone all the way back, sit up straight)
6:keep windows completely up of completely down (when windows are partially open a side impact could send a body part onto the window's edge, making it like a guillotine.
7:adjust head restraint
8:adjust seat
9:adjust mirrors
10:fasten seatbelts and make sure all passengers have done so as well
BGE
blind spot and glare elimination:mirror position
inside rear view mirror: should look straight out the rear window
Left/right outside rear view mirrors: set 15 degrees wider
If you have a tailgater:
-avoid sudden movements and speed adjustments
-communicate your intentions by flashing your brakes
-pull over to a safe location
-slow gradually
-don't engage in competitive behavior or emotional driving
PONR
point of no return:
point at which you can't stop w/out entering intersection or making another zone change
2 sec away from the intersection. Different speeds=different distance covered in a sec.
Stopping in a line of traffic
1:See POt at least 12 sec ahead
2:check rear zone
3:try to time arrival into open zone
4:communicate to rear--tap break lights
5:begin braking without delay
6:control rear zone
7:gradual approach to stop location
8:make a smooth stop
9:monitor rear until two cars are stopped in back
10:stop so you can see the tires of the car in front
11:w/startup--use 2 sec delay
6 zones sorrounding your car
1:front zone
2:left front zone
3:right front zone
4:rear zone
5:left rear zone
6:right rear zone
5 lane positions
1: middle of lane
2: left of lane
3:right of lane
4:straddling left line
5:straddling right line
blind spots
6 ft to right
15 ft in front
15 ft from right
30-45 ft from back
Signs the light will soon turn red
-protected left turn
stale green (been green as long as you have seen it)