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25 Cards in this Set

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LIST STRUCTURES OF THE EXTERNAL FEMALE GENITALIA
MONS PUBIS, LABIA MAJORA, LABIA MINORA, CLITORIS, VESTIBULAR GLANDS, HYMEN
IDENTIFY STRUCTURES OF THE INTERNAL FEMALE GENITALIA AND THEIR FUNCTIONS
UTERUS, VAGINA-connects uterus to outside of body, FALLOPIAN TUBES-communicate with either side of the uterus, OVARIES-female gonads, CERVIX, LIGAMENTS-suspend/maintain position of the uterus, VAGINAL VAULT
DESCRIBE THE LOCATIONS OF THE INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL CERVICAL OS
CERVICAL OS IS THE DIRECT OPENING TO THE CERVIX; THE 2 COMMUNICATE VIA AN ISTHMUS (one on inside, one on outside)
3 LAYERS OF UTERINE WALL
ENDOMETRIUM, MYOMETRIUM, PERIMETRIUM
LIST THE LIGAMENTS OF THE UTERUS AND THEIR FUNCTION
BROAD LIGAMENT-surrounds uterus suspended from pelvic cavity, ROUND LIGAMENT-suspends uterus anteriorly, CARDINAL LIGAMENTS-primary support to the uterus, UTEROSACRAL LIGAMENTS-suspend cervix and uterine body of sacrum
5 STRUCTURES CONTAINED WITHIN THE BROAD LIGAMENT
FALLOPIAN TUBE, UTERINE BLOOD VESSELS, NERVES, UTERUS, LIGAMENTS
3 OTHER NAMES FOR FALLOPIAN TUBES
UTERINE TUBES, SALPINX, OR OVIDUCTS
DESCRIBE LOCATION OF OVARIES
MEDIAL AND LATERAL OF TUBES AND SLIGHTLY BEHIND
NAME 2 HORMONES PRODUCED BY OVARY AND WHERE SECRETED
ESTROGEN-from Graafian Follicles, PROGESTERONE-from corpus luteum
NAME THE BONES OF THE PELVIC GIRDLE
ILIUM, ISCHIUM, SYMPHYSIS PUBIS, AND ATTACHES TO SPINE AT SACRUM & COCCYX
MAIN MUSCLE OF PELVIC FLOOR? 3 COMPONENTS?
LEVATOR ANI; ILEOCOCCYGEAL, PUBOCOCCYGEAL, AND PUBORECTALIS
DEFINE FETAL DISTRESS
FETUS COMPROMISED; SUSTAINED LOW HRT RATE
LIST REASON FOR C-SECTION. WHICH IS THE MOST COMMON?
MALPRESENTATION, SEVERE ECLAMPSIA, POTENTIAL PROBLEMS TO MOTHER OR FETUS; CPD MOST COMMON
DEFINE RECTOCELE, CYSTOCELE, & ENTEROCELE. HOW ARE THEY REPAIRED?
RECTOCELE-herniation of rectum into vaginal vault, CYSTOCELE-herniation of bladder into vag. vault, ENTEROCELE-actual herniation of intestine into vagina; A&P REPAIR & ENTEROCELE REPAIR
WHAT IS MEANT BY "INCOMPENTENT CERVIX"? PROCEDURE TO TREAT CONDITION?
CERVIX IS UNABLE TO SUPPORT WEIGHT OF FETUS RESULTING IN EXPULSION OF FETUS; SHIRODKAR'S PROCEDURE (MCDONALD PROCEDURE OR CERVICAL CERCLAGE)
DEFINE ECTOPIC PREGNANCY; DISCUSS TREATMENT PROCEDURE
ANY PREGNANCY OUTSIDE THE UTERUS; THEY REMOVE THE TUBE
WHAT IS A GENITAL FISTULA? LIST TYPES
AN ABNORMAL PASSAGEWAY THAT DEVELOPS BETWEEN INTERNAL ORGANS AND EXTERNAL PART OF BODY OR ANOTHER ORGAN. VESICOVAGINAL-bladder drains into vagina, URETHROVAGINAL-between vagina and ureter, RECTOVAGINAL-between rectum and vagina
WHAT CONDITION IS DIAGNOSED WITH A PAP SMEAR? TREATMENT OPTIONS?
CERVICAL CANCER OR ABNORMAL CELLS IN CERVIX; LEEP, PUNCH BIOPSY, CRYOTHERAPY, CO2 LASER TREATMENT, CERVICAL CONIZATION
MOST COMMON SYMPTOMS OF UTERINE CANCER? TREATMENT OPTIONS?
WATERY, BLOOD-TINGED DISCHARGE, FOUL ODOR; HYSTERECTOMY, RADICAL HYSTERECTOMY, POSTERIOR EXENTERATION
DEFINE ENDOMETRIOSIS. SYMPTOMS AND TREATMENT?
ENDOMETRIAL TISSUE REIMPLANTS TO INNER WALLS OF THE PELVIS (can be anywhere). SYMPTOMS INCLUDE: PAINFUL PERIODS, PREVENTED PREGNANCY. TREATMENT OPTIONS: GIVE PT. MORE PROGESTERONE OR DEPO SHOT TO PREVENT STIMULATION OF ESTROGEN, ABLATION, & HYSTERECTOMY
LIST COMMON INTRAOP AND POSTOP COMPLICATIONS DURING AND AFTER PELVIC SURGERY.
HEMORRHAGE, INFECTION, NICK BLADDER, NICK COLON, OR THROMBOSIS
DEFINE ABORTION AND MISCARRIAGE. LIST DIFFERENT TYPES OF ABORTION
ABORTION-termination before 28 wks. MISCARRIAGE-termination prior to 12-28 wks.; INCOMPLETE ABORTION-prts. of embryonic material retained in uterus, MISSED ABORTION-in utero death of fetus, but retained in uterus, SPONTANEOUS ABORTION-same as abortion, VOLUNTARY INTERRUPTED ABORTION-termination @ pt's request, IMMINENT ABORTION-patient is about to abort
DEFINE DIAGNOSTIC TECHNIQUES: PAP SMEAR, SCHILLER'S TEST, CONE BIOPSY, COLPOSCOPY, CULDOSCOPY, LAPAROSCOPY, RUBIN'S TEST, HYSTEROSALPINGOGRAPHY
PAP SMEAR-(Papanicolaou) cytologic study of cells taken from cervix, SCHILLER'S TEST-staining of cervix with Lugol's (stains brown) to identify abnormal tissue, CONE BIOPSY-biopsy of cervical tissue taken w/scalpel or cervitome, COLPOSCOPY-use of colposcope to i.d. & remove multiple specimen from cervix & vagina, CULDOSCOPY-endoscopic visualization of peritoneal cavity following small incision in posterior vaginal cul-de-sac, LAPAROSCOPY-endoscopic visualization of structures in peritoneal cavity through anterior abdominal wall, RUBIN'S TEST-insufflation of uterocervical canal to check patency of tubes, HYSTEROSALPINGOGRAPHY-study of uterus and fallopian tubes to evaluate fertility (done with x-ray and radiopaque dye)
LIST DRAPING COMPONENTS FOR AN ABDOMINAL APPROACH
4 TOWELS SQUARED OFF, 2 HALF SHEETS, & LAP SHEET
DRAPING FOR LITHOTOMY
UNDER BUTTOCKS DRAPE, LEGGINGS DRAPES, & PERINEAL DRAPE