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17 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
five dimensions of health
physical, intellectual, emotional, social, spiritual [SPIES]
What is healthy eating?
-variation (in a single group of food)
-moderation (have what you want, but not everyday)
-balance (have some of every group of food)
BMI
body mass index - best measure of appropriateness of weight for height (just not good for professional athletes)
BMI values
-normal
-obese
-severe obesity/morbid obesity
-normal: 20-25
-overweight: 25-30
-obese: 30+
-severe obesity/morbid obesity: 40+
Daily values (DVs)
-tells the consumer how much of a day's ideal intake of a particular nutrition he/she is eating in that food
-based on a 2000 calorie diet
-DVs for 2500 calorie diet also provided
reference daily intakes
-set standards for protein, vitamin, and mineral intake based on current USRDA's
-basis for federal nutrition programs
-set for adults and children >4, children 1-4, infants <1, pregnant and lactating women
reference values
-for nutrients and foods for which there is no RDA such as carbs, fats, fiber, cholesterol, potassium, and sodium
-important for health
-need for minimum or maximum intake recommendation
"free"
contains only a tiny or insignificant amount of fat, cholesterol, sodium, sugar, and/or calories
"fat free"
<0.5 g of fat per serving
"low"
can be eaten fairly often without exceeding dietary guidelines
"low in fat"
<3 g of fat per serving
"reduced, less, fewer"
contains 25% less of a nutrient or calories than the "regular product"
"light, lite"
contains 1/3 fewer calories or 1/2 the fat of the original
"light in sodium"
1/2 of the usual sodium
"more"
contains at least 10% more of the daily value of a vitamin, mineral, or fiber than the usual single serving
"good source of"
contains 10% to 19% of the daily value for a particular vitamin, mineral or fiber in a single serving
taste
fat, sugar and salt --> give and take to give food more flavor