Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/14

Click to flip

14 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Definition:
Nutrition
Study of nutrients in food and the body.
Definition:
Kilocalorie
Energy released from carbohydrates, fats, and protein.
Chronic diseases resulting from poor diet.
Heart Disease, Cancers, Strokes, and Diabetes mellitus.
Enzymes
Proteins that facilitate chemical reactions, but do not get changed in the process.
Hormone
Regulating chemicals produced by glands which signal many body functions.
Fat Soluble Vitamins
D, K, A, E
DRI
Dietary Reference Intakes
RDA
Recommended Dietary Allowances:
Intake recommended for everybody.
AI
Adequate Intakes:
Reflects the average amount of a nutrient that a group of healthy people consumes. Based on scientific judgment, not evidence.
EAR
Estimated Average Requirements:
The average amount of a nutrient that appears sufficient to maintain a specific body function in half of the population.
GRAS
Generally recognized as safe.
UL
Tolerable Upper Intake Levels:
Nutrient levels above the recommended intake levels that can become toxic.
EER
Estimated Energy Requirements:
The average dietary intake (kcalories per day) that will maintain energy balance in a healthy person of a given age, gender, weight, height, and physical activity level.
AMDR
Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Ranges:
Nutrient % ranges that provide adequate energy, and reduce risk of chronic disease.