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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
In a quantitative research report, a review of prior research on the problem under study is most likely to be found in the:
In which section would the following sentence most likely appear: “The results may have been influenced by the patients' realization that they were participating in a scientific study”?
Ethical Dilemma in Conducting Research:
•A situation in which the rights of study participants are in direct conflict with requirements for a rigorous study.
Codes of Ethics includes:
•Nuremberg Code
•Declaration of Helsinki
•Belmont Report
•Government-imposed codes
•Codes for professional disciplines (e.g., by the American Nurses’ Association)
What are the 3 primary etical principles of the Belmont Report?
• Principle of Beneficence: Above all, do no harm
• Principle of Respect for Human Dignity
Right to protection from harm and discomfort
–Beneficence—maximize good
–Non-maleficence —minimize harm
•Right to protection from exploitation
Respect for Human Dignity
•Right to self-determination (absence of coercion)
•Right to full disclosure (absence of deception or concealment)
Right to self-determination (absence of coercion)
means that prospective perticipants have the right to decide wheter to participate in a study, without the risk of incurring adverse consequences.
•Right to full disclosure (absence of deception or concealment)
the researcher has fully described the nature of the study, the persons right to refuse participation, the researchers responsibilities, and the risks and benefits.
Procedures for Protecting Study Participants
•Risk-benefit assessments
•Informed consent
•Confidentiality procedures
•Debriefings and referrals
•Treatment of vulnerable groups
•Institutional Review Boards and external reviews
Informed consent means that participants:
•have adequate information about the research
•can comprehend that information
•have free choice in deciding whether to participate in or withdraw from the study
Researchers document the informed consent process by having participants sign a ______.
consent form
What does implied consent mean?
that the return of a completed questionaire reflects the respondants voluntary consent to participate.
What is process consent refer to?
consent that is ongoing, transactional process
A participants right to privancy is protected under what 2 procedures?
•Confidentiality Pledge
when the researcher can not link a participant
Confidentiality Pledge
pledge that any info provided will not be reported or made accessible.
The regulations affecting the ethical conduct of research sponsored by the federal government were based on the:
Belmont Report
If a researcher unobtrusively studies interactions among patients in a psychiatric hospital, which ethical principle may be violated?
Right to self-determination
Confidentiality of study participants can be increased by:
Avoiding the collection of any identifying information