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42 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
State of being answerable to someone for something one has done.
Active Voluntary Euthanasia:
An act by a Dr who:
1-Provides the MEANS
[lethal dose]
2-Also Administers it.
Passionate approach committed to seeking a more JUST social order through:
*Critical Analysis
*Transformation &
*Rebalancing of Power
Basic Type of Utilitarianism
Suggests that
People will choose actions,
in any given circumstance,
to increase the overall good.
Administrative Law:
Branch that consists mainly of the Legal powers granted to ADMINISTRATIVE AGENCIES by the legislature, and the rules that the agencies make to carry out their powers.
Advance Directives:
Instructions that indicate which health care interventions to initiate or withhold, or which designate someone who will act as a surrogate in making such decisions, in the event that a person loses decision making capacity.
Allocative policies:
Policies designed to provide NET Beneifits to some distinct group or class of individuals or organizations, at the expense of others, in order to ensure that public objectives are met.
A situation in which even the researcher can not link information with a particular participant in a study.
Appeals to Conscience:
Personal & Subjective beliefs, founded on a prior judgment of Rightness or wrongness, that are motivated by personal sanction, rather than external authority.
The unjustifiable attempt or threat to touch a person without consent that results in fear of immediately harmful or threatening contact.
Assisted Suicide:
A situation in which patients receive the MEANS of death from someone, such as a physician, but ACTIVATE the process THEMSELVES.
The state of having legitimate power & sovereignity.
An ethical principle that literally means "Self-Governing." It denotes havin the freedom to make independent choices.
Branch of Philosophy that studies the Nature & Types of Values.
The Unlawful Touching of another or the carrying out of threatened physical harm including every willful, angry, and violent or negligent touching of another's person, clothes, or anything attached to his/her person or held by him/her.
Belmont Report:
Policies developed by the US National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical & Behavioral Research (1978) regarding ethical principles for research with human subjects.
The ethical principle that requires one to act in ways that benefit another. In research, this implies the protection from harm & discomfort, including a balance between the benefits & risks of a study.
Cartesian Philosophy:
Widespread belief during the Renaissance r/t Descarte's proposal that the universe is a physical thing, and all therein is analogous to machines that can be analyzed and understood, and that the mind and body are separate entities.
Categorical Imperative:
The Kantian maxim stating that no action can be judged as "right" which cannot reasonably become a law by which every person should always abide.
Character Ethics:
Theories of ethics, sometimes called "Virtue Ethics" that are r/t the concept of innate moral virtue.
Dishonesty & Deception re: examinations, projects, or papers.
Civil Law:
aka "Private Law".
The law that determines a person's legal rights and obligations in many kinds of activities involving other people.
Code of Nursing Ethics:
Explicit declaration of the primary goals & values of the profession thatindicate the profession's acceptance of the responsibility & trust with which it has been invested by society.
Actual or Implied threat of harm or penalty for not participating in a research project, or offering excessive rewards for participation in the project.
Common Law:
A System of law, aka "Case Law" based largely on previous court decisions. In this system, decisions are based upon earlier court rulings in similar cases, or precedents. Over time, these precedents take on the force of law.
Communitarian Theories:
Theories of Justice
COMMUNITY at center of value system;
*Value of PUBLIC goods,
*Conceived of values rooted in communal practices.
A focal VIRTUE
combines attituede of active regard for another's welfare with an imaginative awareness & emotional response of deep sympathy, tenderness, and discomfort at the other person's misfortune or suffering.
A person's ability to make meaningful life decisions.
A declaration of incompetence involves legal action with a ruling by a judge that the person is unable to make such life decisions.
Complementary Therapies:
Therapeutic interventions that derive from TRADITIONS other than Conventional Western medicine which are used by patients with or without the knowledge of conventional medical practitioners.
Ethical principle
requires nondisclosure of private or secret information with which one is entrusted.

In Research, it refers to the researcher's assurance to participants that info provided will not be made public or available to anyone other than those involved in the research process without the patient's consent.
Theory of Ethics
aka Utilitarianism
Constitutional law:
Formal set of Rules & Principles
Describes the Powers of Government
and the Rights of the People.
Agreement b/t 2 or more people
Enforceable by Law
Contract Law:
Type of Law
Deals with the Rights & Obligations of people who make contracts.
Branch of Philosophy
Describes Structure, Origin, and Processes of the Universe.
Covert Values:
Expectations that are NOT in writing
Often identified only through Participation in, or controversies within, an Organization or Institution.
Criminal Law:
Type of Law
Deals with Crimes or Actions considered Harmful to Society.
Cultural Awareness:
Knowledge about Values, Beliefs & Behaviors of cultures other than one's own.
Cultural Sensitivity:
Ability to Incorporate a pt's Cultural Perspective into Nursing Assignments, & to modify care in order to be as congruent as possible with the pt's cultural perspective.
Cultural Competence:
Skill in dealing with Transcultural issues, a.e.b. Cultural Awareness & Cultural Sensitivity.
The total lifeways of a group of interacting individuals, c/o Learned Patterns of Values, Beliefs, Behaviors, & Customs shared by that group.
Decison making Capacity:
Ability of a person to Understand All information about a health condition, to communicate understanding & choices, and to Reason & Deliberate;
and the possession of personal values & goals that guide the decision.