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49 Cards in this Set

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CBC Tests For;
Hemoglobin
Hematocrit
Eythrocyte
Leukocyte
Hemoglobin - Normal Values
Male: 13.5-18
Female: 12-15
RBC's - Normal Values
Male: 4.5-5.3 million
Female: 4.1-5.1 million
Hematocrit - Normal Values
Male: 40-54%
Female: 36-46%
WBC's - Normal Values
4,500-11,000
Differential Count Tests;
Neutrophils
Lymphocytes
Monocytes
Eosinophils
Basophils
Neutrophils - Normal Values
55-70%
Increased: stress, acute infection.

Decreased: viral diseases, some drugs, radiation therapy.
Lymphocytes - Normal Values
25-45%
Increased: viral infection, mononucleosis, TB, chronic bacterial infections, lymphocytic leukemia.

Decreased: adrenal corticosteroids and other immunosuppressive drugs, autoimmune diseases, severe malnutrition.
Monocytes - Normal Values
4-6%
Increased: chronic inflammatory disorders, TB, protozoan infections, chronic ulcerative colitis.

Decreased: drug therapy: prednisone.
Eosinophils - Normal Values
1-3%
Increased: allergic reactions, parasitic infestations.

Decreased: corticosteroid therapy.
Basophils - Normal Values
0.4-1.0%
Increased: leukemia.

Decreased: acute allergic reaction, corticosteroids, acute infections.
Platelets/Thrombocytes - Normal Values
150,000-350,000
Thrombocytosis
Increased platelet count. Most associated with malignant tumors.
Thrombocytopenia
Reduced platelet count. Seen in clients using chemotherapy drugs, or clients hemorrhaging.
Blood Chemistry
Tests done on the serum of the blood.
Blood Chemistry Tests
Serum Electrolytes
Enzymes
Cardiac Markers
Hemoglobin A1c
BNP - B-type Natriuretic Peptide
Hemoglobin A1c - Normal Values
4.0-5.5%
Measurement of blood glucose bound to hemoglobin for prior 3-4 months.
Most Commonly Ordered Electrolytes
BMP - Basic Metabolic Panel
Sodium
Potassium
Chloride
Bicarbonare Ions
Sodium - Normal Values
135-145
Chloride - Normal Values
95-108
Potassium K - Normal Values
3.5-5.0
Calcium Ca - Normal Values
8.5-10.5
Magnesium Mg2 - Normal Values
1.5-2.5
Phosphate PO4 - Normal Values
1.8-2.6
Bicarbonate HC03 - Normal Values
23-30
Blood Urea Nitrogen BUN -
10-30
Creatinine (Blood) - Normal Values
0.2-1.0
Creatinine Clearance - Normal Values
Adults <40 years
Male: 107-139
Female: 87-107
Blood Glucose - Normal Values
70-110
Prealbumin - Normal Values
15-35
<15 - client at risk for malnurishment.
<11 - aggressive nutritional intervention needed.
Most responsive serum protein to rapid changes in nutritional status.
Potassium K - Normal Values
3.5-5.0
Calcium Ca - Normal Values
8.5-10.5
Magnesium Mg2 - Normal Values
1.5-2.5
Phosphate PO4 - Normal Values
1.8-2.6
Bicarbonate HC03 - Normal Values
23-30
Blood Urea Nitrogen BUN -
10-30
Creatinine (Blood) - Normal Values
0.2-1.0
Creatinine Clearance - Normal Values
Adults <40 years
Male: 107-139
Female: 87-107
Blood Glucose - Normal Values
70-110
Prealbumin - Normal Values
15-35
<15 - client at risk for malnurishment.
<11 - aggressive nutritional intervention needed.
Most responsive serum protein to rapid changes in nutritional status.
Albumin - Normal Values
3.5-4.8
Liver Protein
Urinalysis Tests
Specific Gravity
pH
Glucose
Ketones
Protein
Occult Blood
Osmolality
Urine Specific Gravity - Normal Values
1.010-1.025
Urine pH - Normal Values
Average is 6
7 is neutral.
>7 is acidic.
<7 is alkaline.
Urine Glucose - Normal Values
Only for people who cannot or will not test blood levels. Inadequate measurement of blood glucose.
Urine Ketones - Normal Values
Normally not present. Can be found in urine of clients with poorly controled diabetes.
Urine Protein - Normal Values
Normally not present. Can be found if glomerular issues are present.
Urine Occult Blood
Normally not present. Indicator of damage to the bladder or urinary tract.
Urine Osmolality - Normal Values
200-800