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23 Cards in this Set

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ATRIAL SEPTAL DEFECT (ASD)
ABNORMAL OPENING BETWEEN THE ATRIA,ALLOWING BLD FROM HIGH PRESSURE LEFT ATRIUM TO FLOW TO LOW PRESSURE RIGHT ATRIUM
HOW IS A VENTRICULAR SEPTAL DEFECT REPAIRED?
SMALL DEFECTS SURGICALLY REPAIRED W/ A PURSE STRING APPROACH
LARGE DEFECTS REPAIRED W/ DACRON PATCH
BOTH PROCEDURES DONE BY CARDIOPULMONARY BYPASS
WHAT IS CHARACTERISTIC OF PATENT DUCTUS ARTERIOSUS (PDA)?
MACHINE-LIKE MURMUR
WHAT ARE S/S OF COARCTATION OF AORTA?
HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE,BOUNDING PULSES IN ARMS,WEAK OR ABSENT FEMORAL PULSES,& COOL LOWER EXTREMITIES
WHICH 4 DEFECTS MAKE UP TETROLOGY OF FALLOT?
1.RIGHT VENTRICULAR HYPERTROPHY
2.VENTRICULAR SEPTAL DEFECT
3.STENOSIS OF PUMONARY ARTERY
4.OVERRIDING AORTA
WHAT S/S INDICATE PRESENCE OF CONGENITAL HEART DEFECT IN AN INFANT OR YOUNG CHILD?
1.GROWTH RETARDATION
2.DIFFICULTY W/ FEEDING
3.DYSPNEA
4.WEAK CRY
5.DECREASED EXERCISE TOLERANCE
6.CYANOSIS
7.FREQUENT RESP INFECTIONS
AN ACYANOTIC HEART DEFECT IS ONE IN WHICH THERE IS A __ TO ___ SHUNTING OF BLOOD
LEFT TO RIGHT
IF THE PULSE OF A NEWBORN IS ___ BPM, DIGITALIS SHOULD BE WITHHELD
110-90
S/S OF DIG TOXICITY INCLUDE:
NAUSEA AND VOMITING
WHEN A CHILD IS ON DIURETICS,ITS THE NURSES RESPONSIBILITY TO :
MONITOR SERUM ELECTROLYTE LEVELS
DEOXYGENATED (DESATURATED) BLOOD ENTERS THE SYSTEMIC ARTERIAL CIRCULATION IN WHICH DISORDER?
TETROLOGY OF FALLOT
WHAT IS INCORRECT STATEMENT OF MI
RELIEVED BY REST AND INACTIVITY
TISSUE-PLASMINOGEN ACTIVATOR IS A THROMBOLYTIC AGENT THAT:
HAS A SERIOUS POTENTIAL TO CAUSE SYSTEMIC BLEEDING
VENTRICULAR FIBRILLATION IS ASSOCIATED W/ AN ABSENCE OF:
1.HEARTBEAT
2.PALPABLE PULSE
3.RESPIRATIONS
THE MOST COMMON CAUSE OF AN ANEURYSM IS:
ATHEROSCLEROSIS
WHAT IS OBSERVED WHEN AN MI OCCURS BUT NOT DURING AN ANGINAL EPISODE?
ST ELEVATION
WHAT ARE ACTIONS OF NITROGLYCERIN
1.REDUCES VENOUS RETURN TO HEART
2.INCREASES CORONARY ARTERY BLD FLOW
3.REDUCES CORONARY ARTERY SPASM
THE MOST COMMON CAUSE OF CARDIOGENIS SHOCK IS:
HEART FAILURE
THE CLT W/ RUPTURED ANEURYSM EXHIBITS SYMPTOMS OF:
DECREASED PULSE RATE
THE MOST COMMON PLACE FOR AN ANEURYSM TO DEVELOP IS THE:
ABDOMINAL AORTA
THE LABORATORY TEST USED TO DIAGNOSE AN MI IS:
CK-MB ISOENZYME
CLASSIC SIGNS OF CARDIOGENIC SHOCK ARE:
1.CEREBRAL HYPOXIA
2.HYPOTENSION
3.OLIGURIA (Decreased urine)
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