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174 Cards in this Set

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1682
Year La Salle claims the center of the North American Continent for Louis XIV
1699
Year French Canadian brothers, the Sieurs d'Iberville and Bienville, arrive to found the French Colony
1718
Year Bienville founds New Orleans (Iberville having died)
1719
Year first slaves arrive in NOLA: 3000 over the next 12 years
1722
Year Adrien de Pauger lays out the Vieux Carré AGAIN after a hurricane. Streets divided into blocks bounded by drainage canals that emptied into boundary canals and into the swamp
1724
Year the Code Noir was first instituted in French Colonies, including Louisiana
1727
Year Ursuline nuns arrive for education and improvement of the city
1729
Year Natchez Indians revolt
1763
Year Louis XV gives LA to his cousin Carlos III of Spain, settling the 7 Yrs war
1769
Year General O’Reillly arrives with 2000 soldiers to claim NOLA for Spain
1788
Year a conflagration burns down 850 of 1000 buildings in the Vieux Carré
1794
Year Etienne de Bore discovers how to granulate sugar. Also the year that New Orleans burns down AGAIN.
1795
Year Eli Whitney invents the cotton gin (not in New Orleans). The cotton gin was an important if unintended cause of the American Civil War. Before the invention of the cotton gin, slavery had been on the decline, but the cotton gin remonetized the institution. Inspired by observing a cat attempting to pull a chicken through a fence, and could only pull through some of the feathers
1803
Year of the LOUISIANA PURCHASE (15 mil for New Orleans and W Mississippi) 15 states eventually carved out of LA purchase
1812
Year of the first steamboat on the MS (Nicholas Roosevelt and Lydia Latrobe)
April 30, 1812
Day and Year of Louisiana Statehood became the 18th American State. 15 states were eventually carved out of LA purchase
1815
Year of the Battle of New Orleans at Chalmette, Gen Andrew Jackson, leader
1832
Year “Lafayette” (Garden District) was founded by Samuel Peters
1853
Year that nearly 10,000 people died of Yellow Fever in New Orleans
Mardi Gras 1856
Krewe of Comus is founded with flambeaux parades
1861-1865
Years of the War between the States, though New Orleans surrendered in 1862
1862
New Orleans surrenders to the Union, David Faragutt commanding. NOLA is occupied by Benjamin “Spoons” Butler
Mardi Gras 1872
Year Mardi Gras Krewe of Rex is founded to honour Grand Duke Alexii of Russia
1884
Year Cotton Centennial held on the site of Audubon Park
1896
Year Plessey vs Ferguson was decided by the Supreme Court, protecting racism in the US through the 'seperate but equal' ruling. It was not overturned until 1954 with Brown vs Bd of Education (Topeka KS)
1897-1917
Years that Storyville flourished
1936
Vieux Carré Commission is founded under leadership of Elizabeth Werlein
1960
Year that Ruby Bridges integrates Wm Frantz Elementary School at 3811 N Galvez
2005
Year Hurricanes Katrina and Rita devastate New Orleans
Louis XIV
French King for whom Louisiana was named and claimed
Cavelier -René Robert (Sieur de la Salle)
Noble French explorer who claimed LA for Louis XIV in 1682
Le Moyne -Pierre (Sieur d’Iberville)
French Canadian who founded the French Colony in 1699
Crozat -Antoine
French financier given a 5 year lease on Nouvelle France who worked to make the french colony economically successful. Returned it to Royal Control after 3 years
Le Moyne -Jean Baptiste (Sieur de Bienville)
French noble who founded NOLA in 1718
Law -John
Scotsman, founder of the Banque de France who pushed investments in Lousiana and immigrants to the colony. Responsible for the Mississippi bubble fiasco
Réal -Elizabeth (Veuve Pascal ou Marin)
In the 1770s she was an inn keeper and owner of “Mme John’s Legacy”
Hachard -Marie-Madeline (Soeur Stanislas)
Ursuline sister who arrived in 1727 and wrote of her first experiences in New Orleans
Louis XV
French King who gave the entire country west of the Mississippi to his Bourbon cousin, King Carlos III of Spain
Ulloa -Antoine de
First Spanish Governor of Louisiana. Fled French resistance
O’Reilly -General Alexander
Irish soldier of fortune and Governor who took command of New Orleans in 1769 for Spain with an iron fist
Sedella -Père Antoine de
Spanish Capuchin priest who unsuccessfully tried to bring the inquisition to NOLA in 1787. Controversial figure suspected of sedition by the US. Said to be an associate of voodoo priestess Marie Laveau
Galvez -Gov. Bernardo
Spanish Governor of Louisiana who campaigned against the English and in favor of the Americans
Almonester y Roxas -Don Andres
Spanish alcalde and financier who helped build St Louis Cathedral after the fire of 1788
St Malo -Juan
Fugitive slave (Cimarrón in Spanish or Marroon in English) in Bas de Fleuve in the 1750s (?)
Pollock -Oliver
American Trader in New Orleans who supplied Gen. Washington during the revolution. Also invented the $ symbol for American currency.
Nuñez -Vincent José
Treasurer of the Spanish Military responsible for starting the 1788 fire. Started accidentally by candles in his chapel left unattended.
Hector -Francisco Luis Hector (Baron de Carondelet
City Builder and dug canal from Bayou St Jean to the old basin (where City Auditorium is now)
Boré -Etienne de
Invented the process for granulating sugar. First APPOINTED Mayor of New Orleans
Livingston -Robert
Negotiated the Louisiana Purchase with Napoléon for 15 million dollars. Investor in the Steamboat New Orleans
Claiborne -William Charles Cole
First Governor of the American State of Louisiana
Girod -Nicolas
First elected mayor of New Orleans in 1812. Finished the Napoleon House
Lafitte -Jean
Pirate and smuggler along with his brother Pierre. He died in Columbia, South America.
Roosevelt -Nicholas
Investor in Steamboat New Orleans which first arrived in New Orleans 1812. Married to Lydia Latrobe of New Orleans who was his partner in the venture
Jackson -Andrew
General and hero of New Orleans. Victor in the War of 1812
Latrobe -Benjamin
Builder (though not architect) of the US Capitol building, and writer. Built the Louisiana State Bank building (now a restaurant bearing his name)
Peters -Samuel
Entrepreneur and developer of the American section of New Orleans (Garden District) called Lafayette
Marigny -Bernard de
Gambler, plantation owner and developer of the Faubourg Marigny. In 1794 hosted the fabled Dinner of the Golden Plates to future French King Louis Philippe of France.
Nicaud -Rose
First coffee seller in the Place d’Armes (Jackson Sq) around 1800. A slave, she set up a cart in the market on Sundays, selling "cafe noir ou cafe au lait". One customer is quoted to have said, "Her coffee is like the benediction that follows after prayer".
Morphy -Paul
NOLA born International Chess Champion in 1857-59
Laveau -Marie
Voodoo Queen buried in St Louis No. 1 as "The Widow Paris"
Rillieux -Norbert
African american engineer who developed the vacuum pan sugar process
McDonogh -John
Wealthy NOLA developer from Maryland who left much of his vast estate to found schools. He was a ‘confirmed bachelor’--an 19th century euphemism for a gay man. (Ironically, J McDonogh High School on Esplanade is the home of the "Trojans"--who says safer sex isn't historical?)
Almonester -Michaela (Baronesse de Pontalba)
Built the Pontalba Apartments on the Place d’Armes (Jackson Square)
Twain -Mark
(Samuel Clemens) Steamboat captain on the Mississippi, visitor to the city and greatest American humorist author of the 19th century
Cable -George Washington
Author of stories--sometimes putative--of Creole New Orleans.
Beauregard -Pierre Gustav Toutant
NOLA CSA General who fired on Fort Sumter. Railroad executive and promoted the Louisiana Lottery
Farragut -David
Union captain (later Admiral) who captured New Orleans during the WBTS in 1862 “Damn the torpedos...full speed ahead” (in the battle of Mobile Bay)
Dunn -Oscar
First black Lt Governor of Louisiana during Reconstruction
Pinchback -Pinckney Benton Stewart
First black governor of Louisiana during reconstruction (1872). Born in GA, his father (white) lived openly with his mother (black) in an interracial ‘marriage’. His father was a Pinchback from Chester County SC. His first cousin signed the ordinance of secession for SC. A captain in the Union army he assisted in the occupation of New Orleans. He left New Orleans in the 1880s but was buried in Metarie when he died in 1921 in Washington, DC
Plessey -Homer
Plaintiff in Plessey v Ferguson. Plessy argued that the LA law which required East LA Railroad to segregate trains had denied him his rights under the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Amendments. He lost and segregation became the law of the land
Arlington -Josie
Storyville madam who ran Arlington Mansion, a $5 house where there were 10 or 12 girls available at any given time and sex circus available (for an extra fee)
Impastato -Joe and Rosie
Founder of the Napoleon house Bar and Restaurant in 1917
DeLille -the Venerable Henriette
Octaroon (daughter of Jean Baptiste Sarpy), placée and founder of the Sisters of the Holy Family, the first African American catholic order (1837). Her cause for sainthood is in process
Seelos -Blessed Francis Xavier
Bavarian Priest who served the poorest and most abandoned souls at St Mary's Assumption Church in 1866. His cause for sainthood is in progress at the Vatican
Lafon -Thomy
Black philanthopist who give the Orleans Ballroom (the meeting place for Quadroons in the Plaçage system) to Henriette DeLille for the Sisters of the Holy Family Convent (2013 the Royal Orleans hotel)
Haugherty -Margaret
Illiterate Irish orphan who founded a dairy and bakery after the cholera death of her husband and child, which inspired her to feed and care for orphans without regard to race or class in the Yellow fever epidemics of the 1850s. Her statue is at Camp and Prytania close to where she helped found St Theresa’s Orphanage.
Drexel -Saint Katherine
Millionaire nun who founded Xavier University to be the first black university in the US.
Werlein -Elizabeth
Historical preservationist who led the movement to save the French Quarter in the 1930s
Faulkner -William
Writer who wrote his first novel "Soldier’s Pay" in Pirates Alley
Williams -Tennessee
Playwright who move to NOLA (722 Toulouse St/Historical NOLA Collection Museum now) in 1939 to work for the WPA writers project. Wrote "A Streetcar Named Desire" about New Orleans
Bridges -Ruby
Little girl who in 1960 was the first black child to integrate a white school (Wm Frantz Elementary on N. Galvez)
Capote -Truman
born in New Orleans in 1924. Moved to Monroeville Al where he was best friends with Harper Lee and was used as the character Dill Harris in "To Kill a Mockingbird".
Pauger -Adrien de
French engineer who laid out the city of New Orleans (Vieux Carré) in 1721 then again in 1722, after a hurricane.
balcon (Balcony in English)
Different from a gallerie in NOLA, it DOESN"T have pillars or columns to hold it up--it just surrounds a french window/door
gallerie (Gallery in English)
Different from a balcon (balcony) in New Orleans, it IS SUPPORTED by pillars or columns and often runs the length of the building.
Carondelet St
Street named for the 1791 Spanish Governor who improved the city and built the ‘basin’ in Basin St. Bourbon Street becomes Caronelet after crossing Canal St.
La Salle St
Street named for René Robert CAVALIER, noble explorer who claimed LA for Louis XIV in 1682
Crozat St
Street named for Frenchman worked to make the french colony economically successful
Bienville St
Street named for Jean Batiste la Moyne, French noble who founded NOLA in 1718
Iberville St
Street named for Pierre Le Moyne, Founded the French Colony in 1699
Ulloa St
Street named for Antoine de Ulloa First Spanish Governor of Louisiana. Fled French resistance
Chef Menteur Hwy
Highway that meanders close to the stream of the same name that was jokingly named after the Chevalier de Kerlérec, who was a notorious liar to the Choctaw indians. The stream flows both ways according to the tides
Galvez St
Street named for the popular Spanish Governor of Louisiana who campaigned against the English.
Napoleon Ave
Street named for the French Emperor who sold Louisiana
Kerlérec St
Street named for the notoriously unpopular wheeler dealer French Governor who lied to the indians and was accused of stealing from the colony
Almonester Blvd
Highway named for Spanish alcalde and financier who helped build St Louis Cathedral.
Lausat St
Street named for the prefect of France who was the last French official to control Louisiana before the Americans
Dauphine St
Street in the French Quarter whose name refers to the title given to wife of the heirs to the French throne. (French equivalent to the English "Princess of Wales")
Burgundy St
Street named for a brother of the French King, also a wine region in France
Deslondes St
Street named for the slave who led the most serious slave revolt in Louisiana, which started at Woodland Plantation in 1811. He was executed on the Place d’Armes (Jackson Sq)
Chartres St
Street named for a brother of King Louis XIV, and a cathedral town in France
Rampart St
Street named for the palisade that surrounded the Vieux Carré in the 18th century.
Lake Ponchartrain
Lake (actually a large estuary) named for the French minister of the Marine under Louis XIV
The Rigolets
The name of a strait between Lake Pontchartrain and the Gulf of Mexico which means “trench” or “gutter” in 18th century French
Felicity St
Street named for the wife of Govennor Galvez, who was a daughter of the french planter D’estrehan. Several parishes close to Florida were also named in her honour.
Truro St
Street named for the Sephardic Jewish merchant and benefactor who also established an infimary that bears his name. He also established the first synagogue in New Orleans.
Miro St
Street named for Spanish Governor who was in office during the fire of 1788, and also turned American James Wilkinson as a Spanish spy
Decatur St
Street named for the American Naval hero from New Orleans who sacked Tripoli and broke the power of the Barbary Pirates and made the Mediteranean safe.
Audubon Ave
Street named for the American naturalist and artist who chronicled the flora and fauna of the Louisiana Purchase
Carondelet St
Street named for Francisco Luis Hector (Baron de Carondelet, City Builder and dug canal from Bayou St Jean to the the old basin (where City Auditorium is now)
Belloqc Restaurant
Restaurant at Lee Circle named for the eccentric photographer who catalogued the women of Storyville’s red light district
Livingston Street
Street named for the american who negotiated the Louisiana Purchase with Napoléon for 15 million dollars. Investor in the Steamboat New Orleans
Claiborne Ave
Street named for the first Governor of the American State of Louisiana
Bayou St John
Waterway that formed a shortcut from the river to Lake Ponchartrain. Also the favoured location for Voudou rites by Marie Laveau and Dr John
Carrollton Ave
Street (and neighborhood est. 1833) named for General William Carroll, the leader of Tennessee troops quartered close by on the McCarty Plantation during the War of 1812.
Ursuline St
Street named for the first religious community of women to be established in Louisiana. Their convent is the oldest French building in the Mississippi river valley.
Antoine’s Restaurant
Oldest continuously run Restaurant in New Orleans established in 1841
Pauger Ave
Street named for the Frenchman who laid out the Vieux Carré in 1724
Reed Blvd
Street named for Walter, an American Doctor in Havana who isolated the mosquito born disease that called Yellow Fever epidemics in New Orleans..there is also a famous hospital named for him in Washington DC
Napoleon House
Restaurant and bar established by Joe and Rose Impastato in the house that was built to shelter the French Emperor
Henriette deLille Blvd
Street named for the first African American saint and founder of the Sisters of the Holy Family
Audubon Park
Enormous park created from former sugar cane plantation of Etienne de Boré
Delgado University
University founded as a trade school by a wealthy Jewish immigrant from Jamaica in 1921. He also established Charity Hospital
City Park
Park built by the WPA in the 1930s incorporating the old Allard plantation of dueling fame.
Tulane Ave
Street named for Paul ________ who founded the New Orleans medical college that bears his name
Gov Nichols St
Street named for the popular white governor elected after reconstructions
Palmer Ave/ Palmer Park
Street named for Benjamin _________, the pastor of First Presbyerian church New Orleans who preached secession from the pulpit and encouraged a deep North/South white/black rift among Presbyterians and many other denominations that has lasted for more than 100 years
Basin St
Street named for the turning basin of the 19th century Pontchartrain canal
Milneberg
Community founded by Alexander Milne on lake Pontchartrain
Girod St
Street named for first elected mayor of New Orleans in 1812
Lafitte St
Street named for the Baratarian Pirates and smugglers and heros of the Batle of New Orleans
Roosevelt Hotel
one of the elite hotels in the city. Named for Nicholas __________, builder and owner of the Steamboat New Orleans which first arrived in New Orleans 1812. Married to Lydia Latrobe of New Orleans who was his partner in the venture
Jackson Square
Main square of New Orleans named for the American General and hero of New Orleans. Victor in the War of 1812. Also known as the Place d'Armes/Plaza de Armas
Latrobe St
Street named for builder of the US Capitol, and writer
Peters St
Street named for Samuel Peters, American Entrepreneur and developer of the American section of New Orleans (Garden District) called Lafayette
The Faubourg Marigny
Street named for the Gambler, plantation owner and developer of the first suburb of the city
Rose Nicaud Restaurant
Restaurant in the Marigny named for first coffee seller in the Place d’Armes (Jackson Sq) around 1800. A slave, she set up a cart in the market on Sundays, selling "cafe noir ou cafe au lait". One customer is quoted to have said, "Her coffee is like the benediction that follows prayer".
McDonogh Schools
Street named for the wealthy NOLA developer from Maryland who left much of his vast estate to found schools. He was a ‘confirmed bachelor’.
Almonester Blvd
Street named for the Spanish Royal Notary who rebuilt the Cathedral, Cabildo and Presbyter after the fire of 1788, Fabulously wealthy.
Bayou St Jean (John)
Natural finger of water connecting Lake Ponchartrain to a man-made canal in 1794 by Gov Carondelet. It was the site of the Voodoo St John's Eve celebrations
Spanish Fort (Fort St Jean)
The fort established on Lake Ponchartrain by the French then by the Spanish. Marie Laveau chose this spot for Voodoo ceremonies. Late in the 19th century it was the amusement park reached by a pleasure railway from the city
Kohlmeyer -Ida
Famous Jewish American artist who lived and worked in New Orleans. Died in 1997
Storyville
The first official red-light district in the US named for the politician who tried to regulate prostitution.
Shaw -Clay
Preservationist and founder of the NOLA World Trade Center and the only person convicted (wrongly as it turns out) of the assassination of JFK. A gay man, the story is that the prosecutor in the case hated the suspect because he refused to sleep with him.
Gayarré -Charles
Preeminent 19th century historian of New Orleans and the grandson of Etienne de Boré
St Charles Avenue
Named for King Carlos III of Spain. Features the oldest continuously operating street railroad line in the world (until Hurricane Katrina knocked out electricity and caused damage to the tracks) the St Charles Streetcar (originally called New Orleans and Carrollton Railroad Company).
Banquette
the (antiquated) French term for a sidewalk in New Orleans (trottoir is the word used in French now)
Coartación
The spanish term for the practice of freeing slaves. Freedom could be granted (as in a will), or bought by the slave or a 3d party. A common practice in New Orleans that created the rise of "Gens de Couleur Libre" "Manumission" is the French/English term.
Oven Tomb
the range of tombs built into the surrounding walls of a New Orleans cemetery. They are generally stacked 3 or 4 high with an arched opened that resembles an 18th century bread oven.
Caveau of a tomb
This is the central pit built into the base of New Orleans tombs where a person's remains are pushed anytime after a year and a day has passed.
(504) 658-7100
Number of the Taxicab Bureau "One Stop Shop" (HA!) in New Orleans that handles the licensing of Tour Guides!! Just in case it's on the test!
Jefferson Ave
Street named for the US President who approved the purchase of Louisiana from Napoléon.
Woods- Baldwin
New Orleans native who invented the screw pump in 1913 that allowed the draining of rain/floodwaters from the low parts of the city
Creole Cottage
1 1⁄2-story house with a gabled roof, the ridge of which is parallel to the street. The house normally has four rooms with no hallways and is built up to the front property line. In the rear it often has 'cabinets', small rooms connected by a back gallery. Often has french doors across the front.
Creole Townhouse
2 or 3 story house, galleried front, typically has a carriageway instead of an entrance door and no interior first floor hallway.
American Townhouse
2 or 3 story double galleried house with a grand front entrance door leading to an interior hallway. Townhouses usually have relatively few formal rooms, often with a smaller service wing behind.
Center Hall Cottage
House with a central hallway running from the front to the back, often with 2 small storage rooms (cabinets) to either side on the rear, flanking a rear service porch.
Shotgun House
A long narrow house 1 room wide and 3 to 5 rooms deep, with each room opening onto the next. These are often built as "doubles" (a duplex) with each side a mirror image of the other.
Camelback House
House built as a single level house but rising to a second story in the rear
Creole style (architecture)
“French Colonial” building style, in fact is an style developed in New Orleans. It represents a melding of the French, Spanish and Caribbean architectural influences well suited to the demands of the hot, humid climate of NOLA. It was a popular building style up to the 1840s
Greek Revival (architecture)
Building style based loosely on classical architecture, relying on pediments, classical columns, and symmetrically spaced windows and doors
Italianate (architecture)
building style based on Renaissance buildings, typified by brackets on the eaves, a 'rustic' (i.e. quoined foundation) ground floor.
Quoin
decorative stonework (or wood cut to resemble stone) blocks on the corners of buildings. Associated with italianate and classical architecture.
Queen Anne/Eastlake Style
Style popular in the 1870s that promoted asymmetry and unusual decorative features, like turrets, fancy millwork and stained glass windows.
Arts and Crafts (architecture)
Style popular in the early 1900s. It's a very American style, often with wood shingle siding and either roughhewn masonry or rusticated concrete block,
Spanish Colonial Revival
building fad in NOLA in the 1920s-1940s for stuccoed buildings with barley twist columns tile roofs, wrought iron window grilles, and arched entryways
Dependency
the outbuildings of homes. This is the collective term for stables, slave quarters, kitchens and laundries
Doric Column
the simplest 'order' of greek column
Ionic Column
column that has a scroll lying across the top, which makes look a little like an "I"
Corinthian Column
Considered the most formal of greek columns, its capital resembles an acanthus plant.
Cabinet (architecture)
these are small storerooms that are often found in pairs at the rear of creole homes in New Orleans.
bay (architecture)
the term for an opening in the facade of a building
Barracks St
Street in the French Quarter named for the housing of the Spanish Army in colonial New Orleans
St Louis Cathedral (and Street)
Street and cathedral named for _________ IX, King of France, who was also a Saint. (1214-1270)