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124 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
cranial
12 pairs
spinal
31 pairs
axon
single process that leads away from the cell body
cell body
consists of cytoplasm and nucleus
dendrite, dendron
many dendrites leading to cell body... branches(process)
effector
message that causes an affect
myelin sheath
covers axon insulates
neurilemma, neurolemma, sheath of Schwann
membrane that holds myelin on axon
receptor
receiving the message from the environment to the brain
Neuron Type:

afferent/sensory neurons
towards the brain
Neuron Type:

efferent/motor neurons
away from the brain
Roots of Spinal Nerves:

dorsal (posterior) root
to the brain afferent
Roots of Spinal Nerves:

ventral (anterior) root
away from the brain efferent
synapse
the point of contact between 2 neurons.
axon
axis
gangli, ganglio
knot, ganglion
neur, neuro
nerves
nucleus
little kernal
plexus
braid, network
radicle
root, small branches
synapse
clasp, connection
Bell's palsy
disorder of the 7th cranial nerve (facial nerve)
causalgia
paroxysomal, sudden recurrent pain
Guillain-Barre syndrome
flaccid, ascending paralysis
herniated nucleus pulposus, herniated invertabral disk
protrusion or rupture of disk
neurilemmoma, neurilimoma
tumor of neurilema, benign
neuroma
benign tumor of nerve
polyneuritis, polyneuropathy
many nerves inflammed
sciatic neuritis, sciatica
inflammation of sciatic nerve
neurectomy
removal of nerve
neuroanastomosis
surgical communication between nerve fibers
vagotomy
cutting vagus nerve
aural vertigo
dizziness due to something wrong with inner ear
paroxysmal pain
sudden recurrent pain
trigeminal neuralgia, tic douloureux
brain freeze spasm in 5th cranial nerve
chordo
cord, string
cingulum
girdle
gyrus
convolution
lamina
thin plate
paresis
relaxation
pons
bridge
spina
spine, thornlike
thalmo
chamber
ventricle
small cavity
brain, encephalon
CNS, central nervous system
cerebellum
balance, coordination
cerebrum
biggest part of the brain
corpus callosum
fibers that hold 2 hemispheres together
brain stem
part of the spinal cord in the brain
medulla oblongata
vital center affects life
pons
bridge where neurons cross over
meninges
lines brain and spinal cord
ventricles and aquaducts
holes produces cerebral spinal fluid
aquaducts omits cerebral spinal fluid
spinal cord
part of the CNS
Alzheimer's disease
nerves are impaired and memory loss
anencephalia, anencephalus
baby born without a brain
medulloblastoma
tumor cerebellum malignant
metastatic tumor
started somewhere else and spread to brain
primary brain tumor
started in the brain
cerebral palsy
birth injury baby paralyzed poor circulation
cerebral aneurysm
ballooning of a blood vessal
cerebral embolism
traveling clot, clogged
cerebral infarction
death of tissue (Brain tissue)
cerebral ischemia
poor circulation
cerbrovascular accident, stroke
CVA, death of brain
transient ischemic attacks (TIA)
temporary cut off of blood to brain
chorea
degenerate nerve disorder, Huntington's chorea
encephalitis lethargica
inflammation of the brain
encephalocele
brain protruding thru crack in skull
epilepsy
convulsive disorder, seizures
hydrocephalus
fluid in head
meningocele
meninges protruding thru crack in skull
microcephalus
small brain
multiple sclerosis (MS)
autoimmune disorder body attacks itself
organic brain syndrome
brain damage due to something physical
poliomyelitis-spina bifida
caused by a virus causing paralysis, defect in vertabrae
tabes dorsalis, locomotor ataxia
side effect of syphillis
carotid endarterectomy
cleans out carotid artery
cordectomy
removing part of spinal cord to flaccid state
laminectomy
removing lamina
stereotaxy
build platforms in head and screw in for surgery
surgical shunts for hydrocephalus
device in ventricle to abdomen to relieve fluid CSF
analgesia
feels no pain
aphasia
unable to talk or understand words
ataxia
incoordination
aura
awareness of another seizure attack
cerebrospinal otorrhea
CSF in ears
coma
unconscious
convulsion
involuntary muscle contraction
euphoria
sense of well being
hemiplegia
paralyzed half of body right or left
hyperesthesia
excessive sensation
nystagmus
eyes involuntary movement
paraplegia
paralyzed from waist down
paresis
slight paralysis, numb
syncope
faint
cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)
remove CSF to check
lumbar puncture
withdraw CFS to test from lower back
Babinski's reflex
stroke bottom of foot if big toe fans out nerve damage
Brudzinski's sign
signs of meningitis chin to chest.
Kerning's sign
bend legs toward chest
Romberg's sign
feet together close eyes ataxia
electroencephalography, electroencephalogram
EEG tracing brain waves
electronystagmography
attaching electrodes to eyeballs checking involuntary eye movement
acus
needle
ANASTHESIA
loss of sensation, feeling
CAUDA
tail
DURA
hard
HYPNO
sleep
NARCO
stupor
ANALEPTICS
stimulant, caffeine
ANALGESIA
pain pill
ANASTHESIA
inability to feel
ANESTHESIOLOGIST
Dr. specializing in anesthesia
ANESTHETIST
nurse
ANTIEMETIC DRUGS
prevent vomiting
HYPERVENTILATION
breathing too much oxygen
HYPOXIA
not enough oxygen
INHALATION THERAPY
gas
VASOCONSTRICTORS
to make smaller, constricted blood vessels at a point
CAUDAL OR SACRAL ANESTHESIA
EPIDURAL BLOCK
SPINAL ANETHESIA
tail, spinal
CEREBRAL ANGIOGRAPHY
x-ray of blood vessel of brain
COMPUTED INTRACRANIAL TOMOGRAPHY
catscans layers and sections of brain
MYELOGRAPHY, MYELOGRAM
x-ray of spinal cord