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88 Cards in this Set

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Aft
toward stern (rear)
backstay, shrouds, forestay
wires that hold up mast
beam
widest part of boat
beam reach
sailing with wind blowing directly from one side
bearing
the direction of object from the boat
beating
zigzagging to windward. sailboats tend to pitch and heel more on this heading
bilge
deepest part of boat where water collects
bilge pump
removes water from inside the boat. manual or electric
binnacle
pedestal on which the steering wheel and compass are mounted
bimini
canvas cover that protects the cockpit from sun or rain
block
pulley through which a rope is passed
boom
horizontal pole along the bottom of the main or mizzen sail
boom vang
a line that prevents the boom from rising when sailing downwind
bow
front of the boat
broach
when the boat suddenly turns broadside to the wind and waves
broad reach
sailing with the wind coming from the port or starboard quarter
buoys
floating navigational markers, which mark hazards, channels, or harbor entrances
capsize
when the boat tips 90 degrees or more
catboat
the simplest rig: a boat with one mast forward and one sail (no jib!)
centerboard
a plate that pivots up and down below the hull to resist leeway
chart
a nautical map
cleat
a fitting used to secure a rope
clew
the lower aft corner of a sail
close hauled
sailing as close to the wind as possible
close reach
sailing a course between close hauled and a beam reach
companionway
the hatch and ladder that leads down into a boat
cutter
boat with one mast and two headsails. inner headsail is called a staysail (stay'l)
daggerboard
a plate that is lowered through the hull of a small boat to resist leeway.
dinghy
a small boat used to get ashore when anchored. (row, motor, or sail)
displacement
the weight of a boat
dodger
a canvas covering that protects the companionway from rain or sea spray
downhaul
tensions the luff (forward edge of sail) of a sail
DR or dead reckoning
location by drawing the course steered from the last known position
draft
how deep the keel is under water. a sailboat might have between 4 and 7 feet of draft
drogue
a parachute-like device towed to reduce speed in a storm
EPIRB
emergency position indicating radio beacon: transmits distress signals via satellite
fender
an inflatable cushion used to protect the hull when mooring
galley
boat's kitchen
genoa
large head sail
GPS
global positioning system: electronic device which tells one's position (via satellites)
gunwale
pronounced gunel: top edge of the hull
guy
rope that controls spinnaker pole
gybe (gybing)
turning the stern of a boat through the wind
halyard
rope that raises a sail
hatch
windows that open on the deck of a boat for ventilation
hanks
clips that attach a sail to the forestay
head
top corner of a sail, or the toilet/bathroom on a boat!
heave to
bringing the boat to a halt by backwinding the headsail
heel
when a boat titles to one side
hull
outer shell of a boat
hull speed
maximum speed which is a function of the boat's length
jib
a triangular headsail
jib sheet
ropes used to tirm or adjust the jib
ketch
a twin masted sailboat. main mast is forward; mizzen mast is aft
leech
the aft edge of a sail
lee shore
when the wind blows onto land
leeward (loowerd)
away from the wind. opposite of windward
logbook
written record of a boat's passages, course, distance, location, etc.
luff
forward edge of a sail
outhaul
tensions the foot of a sail
mainsheet
rope that adjusts or trims the mainsail
mast
vertical pole to which sails are attached
MAYDAY
international distress signal, repeated three times
pitch or pitching
when heading into waves, the bow will rise and fall
pitchpole
when the stern of the boat flips over the bow
port
left side of a boat, or a harbor
portholes or portlights
small windows in the side of the boat or cabin
pulpit
metal rail around bow of a boat
reaching
sailing with the wind on the beam
reef
to reduce sail, or an underwater obstruction made of coral
rode
the anchor line
rudder
underwater blade, controlled by a tiller or wheel, used to steer a boat
schooner
traditional sailing boat with two masts. smaller mast is forward
seacock or through-bull
a valve in the hull that lets water in or out
sheet
rope used to trim or control the headsail or main sail
sloop
most common type of sailboat today. one mast, with a jib and mainsail
sole
floor of a boat
stanchion
2-3 foot vertical post that supports the lifelines that surround the deck of a boat
starboard
right side of a boat
stern
rear of boat
tack
front lower corner of a sail, or to turn the bow across the wind
tender
boat that is tippy or a dinghy
tiller
handle used to control the rudder and thus steer the boat
transom
surface forming the stern of a boat
turnbuckle
a fitting that adjusts the tension on shrouds or stays
weather helm
when a boat wants to turn to windward
yacht
a pleasure boat with accommodations
yawl
two masted boat similar to a ketch but with a smaller mizzen mast located further aft