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84 Cards in this Set

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mitigate
1 : to cause to become less harsh or hostile : MOLLIFY

2 a : to make less severe or painful : ALLEVIATE b : EXTENUATE
synonym see RELIEVE
concur
1: to act together to a common end or single effect

2
a: approve
b: to express agreement

synonyms see agree
congregate
to collect into a group or crowd : assemble
ferrous
1 : of, relating to, or containing iron
vivacious
lively
valiant
possessing or acting with bravery or boldness : courageous
prodigious
extremely great in ability, amount or strength

巨大的;龐大的
palpable
tangible, perceptible
alacrity
promptness in response
dissemble
to hide your real intentions and feelings or the facts
abeyance
temporary inactivity : SUSPENSION
abide
1 : to wait for : AWAIT
2 a : to endure without yielding : WITHSTAND b : to bear patiently : TOLERATE <cannot abide such bigots>
3 : to accept without objection <will abide your decision>
abject
2 a : cast down in spirit : SERVILE, SPIRITLESS <a man made abject by suffering> b : showing hopelessness or resignation <abject surrender>
abjure
1 a : to renounce upon oath b : to reject solemnly
2 : to abstain from : AVOID <abjure extravagance>
ablution
the washing of one's body or part of it (as in a religious rite) b plural : the act or action of bathing
abnegation
DENIAL; especially : SELF-DENIAL
abode
2 : a temporary stay : SOJOURN
3 : the place where one abides : HOME
abolish
1 : to end the observance or effect of : ANNUL <abolish a law> <abolish slavery>
2 : DESTROY
abominate
: to hate or loathe intensely : ABHOR
synonym see HATE
aboriginal
1 : being the first or earliest known of its kind present in a region <aboriginal forests> <aboriginal rocks>

synonym see NATIVE
abortive
2 : FRUITLESS, UNSUCCESSFUL
3 : imperfectly formed or developed
4 : tending to cut short
abound
1 : to be present in large numbers or in great quantity : be prevalent
2 : to be copiously supplied -- used with in or with <life abounded in mysteries -- Norman Mailer> <institutions abound with evidence of his success -- Johns Hopkins Magazine>
abrasion
1 a : a wearing, grinding, or rubbing away by friction b : IRRITATION
2 : an abraded area of the skin or mucous membrane
abrogate
1 : to abolish by authoritative action : ANNUL
2 : to treat as nonexistent <abrogating their responsibilities
synonym see NULLIFY
absolution
the act of absolving (to set free from an obligation or the consequences of guilt); specifically : a remission of sins pronounced by a priest (as in the sacrament of reconciliation)

- (義務等的)免除
- 【宗】罪之赦免(或免除)
abstain
to refrain deliberately and often with an effort of self-denial from an action or practice <abstain from drinking>
abstracted
inattentive to one's surroundings
abyss
1 : the bottomless gulf, pit, or chaos of the old cosmogonies
2 a : an immeasurably deep gulf or great space b : intellectual or moral depths

深淵,深坑
accede
1 a : to become a party (as to an agreement) b : to express approval or give consent : give in to a request or demand

synonyms see ASSENT
accentuate
ACCENT, EMPHASIZE; also : INTENSIFY *accentuates the feeling of despair*
access
通路,途徑
accessible
capable of being influenced : OPEN
acclivity
an ascending slope (as of a hill)
accomplice
one associated with another especially in wrongdoing
accord
1 : to bring into agreement : RECONCILE
2 : to grant or give especially as appropriate, due, or earned
accoutrements
1 a : EQUIPMENT, TRAPPINGS; specifically : a soldier's outfit usually not including clothes and weapons -- usually used in plural b : an accessory item of clothing or equipment -- usually used in plural
acerbic
acid in temper, mood, or tone <acerbic commentary> <an acerbic reviewer>
acidulous
somewhat acid or harsh in taste or manner
acolyte
any follower or helper, or someone who helps a priest in some religious ceremonies
acorn
the nut of the oak usually seated in or surrounded by a hard woody cupule of indurated bracts
acoustic
relating to sound or hearing
acquaint
1 : to cause to know personally *was acquainted with the mayor*
2 : to make familiar : cause to know firsthand
synonyms see INFORM
acquired
: to come to have as a new or added characteristic, trait, or ability (as by sustained effort or natural selection)
acquisitive
strongly desirous of acquiring and possessing
synonym see COVETOUS
acrimony
harsh or biting sharpness especially of words, manner, or disposition
acrimonious
caustic, biting, or rancorous especially in feeling, language, or manner <an acrimonious dispute>
acumen
keenness and depth of perception, discernment, or discrimination especially in practical matters
synonym see DISCERNMENT
adage
a saying often in metaphorical form that embodies a common observation
addle
1 of an egg : ROTTEN
2 : CONFUSED
adduce
to offer as example, reason, or proof in discussion or analysis
adept
a highly skilled or well-trained individual : EXPERT <an adept at chess>
adherent
one that adheres : as a : a follower of a leader, party, or profession b : a believer in or advocate especially of a particular idea or church
synonym see FOLLOWER
adjure
1 : to command solemnly under or as if under oath or penalty of a curse
2 : to urge or advise earnestly
synonym see BEG
adjudicate
- to settle judicially
- to act as judge
adjutant
1 : a staff officer in the army, air force, or marine corps who assists the commanding officer and is responsible especially for correspondence
2 : one who helps : ASSISTANT
pediatrics
a branch of medicine dealing with the development, care, and diseases of children
crease
a line, mark, or ridge made by or as if by folding a pliable (bends easily without breaking or cracking) substance
perforate
to make a hole through <an ulcer perforates the duodenal wall>; especially : to make a line of holes in to facilitate separation
scabbard
a sheath (鞘; 護套) for a sword, dagger, or bayonet

holster
a leather or fabric case for carrying a firearm on the person
subpoena
a writ (a formal written document) commanding a person designated in it to appear in court under a penalty for failure
conscript
to enroll into service by compulsion : DRAFT <was conscripted into the army>
malapropism
the usually unintentionally humorous misuse or distortion of a word or phrase; especially : the use of a word sounding somewhat like the one intended but ludicrously wrong in the context
pluck
bravery and a strong desire to succeed
ellipsis
when words are left out of a sentence but the sentence can still be understood
poise
- calm confidence in a person's way of behaving

- a quality of grace and balance in the way a person holds or moves their body
loll
1 : to hang loosely or laxly : DROOP
2 : to act or move in a lax, lazy, or indolent manner : LOUNGE
synonym see IDLE
intrepid
characterized by resolute fearlessness, fortitude, and endurance <an intrepid explorer>
morbid
1 a : of, relating to, or characteristic of disease <morbid anatomy> b : affected with or induced by disease <a morbid condition> c : productive of disease <morbid substances>
2 : abnormally susceptible to or characterized by gloomy or unwholesome feelings
3 : GRISLY, GRUESOME <morbid details> <morbid curiosity>
perennial
3 a : PERSISTENT, ENDURING <perennial favorites> b : continuing without interruption : CONSTANT, PERPETUAL <the perennial quest for certainty> <a perennial student> c : regularly repeated or renewed : RECURRENT <death is a perennial literary theme>
synonym see CONTINUAL
disparate
1 : containing or made up of fundamentally different and often incongruous elements

synonym see DIFFERENT
fulminate
to utter or send out with denunciation <fulminate a decree>
ebullience
the quality of lively or enthusiastic expression of thoughts or feelings : EXUBERANCE
predilection
an established preference for something
arresting
catching the attention : STRIKING, IMPRESSIVE <an arresting image>
savor
1 : to give flavor to : SEASON
2 a : to have experience of : TASTE b : to taste or smell with pleasure : RELISH c : to delight in : ENJOY <savoring the moment>
inure
to accustom to accept something undesirable <children inured to violence>
remonstrate
to present and urge reasons in opposition : EXPOSTULATE -- usually used with with
stickler
one who insists on exactness or completeness in the observance of something <a stickler for the rules>
devoid
being without a usual, typical, or expected attribute or accompaniment -- used with of <an argument devoid of sense> <a landscape devoid of life>
INSIPID, VAPID, FLAT, JEJUNE, BANAL, INANE
mean devoid of qualities that make for spirit and character.

INSIPID implies a lack of sufficient taste or savor to please or interest <an insipid romance with platitudes on every page>.

VAPID suggests a lack of liveliness, force, or spirit <an exciting story given a vapid treatment>.

FLAT applies to things that have lost their sparkle or zest <although well-regarded in its day, the novel now seems flat>.

JEJUNE suggests a lack of rewarding or satisfying substance <a jejune and gassy speech>.

BANAL stresses the complete absence of freshness, novelty, or immediacy <a banal tale of unrequited love>.

INANE implies a lack of any significant or convincing quality <an inane interpretation of the play>.
eddy
a current of water or air running contrary to the main current; especially : a circular current : WHIRLPOOL
whirlpool
water moving rapidly in a circle so as to produce a depression in the center into which floating objects may be drawn
prosaic
DULL, UNIMAGINATIVE <prosaic advice>