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96 Cards in this Set

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callous
adjective
unkind or cruel; without sympathy or feeling for other people:
It might sound callous, but I don't care if he's homeless. He's not living with me!

1 a : being hardened and thickened b : having calluses <callous hands>
2 a : feeling no emotion b : feeling or showing no sympathy for others : HARD-HEARTED <a callous indifference to suffering>
impassion
to arouse the feelings or passions of
impassive
1 a archaic : unsusceptible to pain b : unsusceptible to physical feeling : INSENSIBLE c : unsusceptible to or destitute of emotion : APATHETIC
2 : giving no sign of feeling or emotion : EXPRESSIONLESS
agitate
verb [T]
to make someone feel anxious and not calm:
I didn't want to agitate her by telling her.
calumniate
1 : to utter maliciously false statements, charges, or imputations about
2 : to injure the reputation of by calumny
calamity
noun [C]
a serious accident or bad event causing damage or suffering:
A series of calamities ruined them - floods, a failed harvest and the death of a son.

calamitous
adjective
perjury
noun [U] LEGAL
the crime of telling lies in court when you have promised to tell the truth:
She was sentenced to two years in jail for committing perjury (= telling lies in a law court).
deposition
noun [C] LEGAL
a formal written statement made or used in a court of law:
Before the court case, we had to file/give a deposition.
Our lawyer took a deposition from us.
a sworn deposition
cameo
a small piece of sculpture on a stone or shell
ingratiation
to gain favor or favorable acceptance for by deliberate effort -- usually used with with <ingratiate themselves with the community leaders -- William Attwood>
candor
the quality of being truthful and honest, especially about a difficult or embarrassing subject:
"We really don't know what to do about it, " she said with surprising candour.
subterfuge
noun [C or U]
a trick or a dishonest way of achieving something:
It was clear that they must have obtained the information by subterfuge.
brashness
adjective DISAPPROVING
(of people) showing too much confidence and too little respect, or (of clothes) too bright and colourful:
a brash young banker
Don't you think that suit's a bit brash for a funeral?
cane
noun
1 [C or U] the long, hard, hollow stem of particular plants such as bamboo, sometimes used to make furniture or support other plants in the garden

2 [C] a long stick used especially by old, ill or blind people to help them walk

3 [S] a long, thin stick used in the past as a school punishment
canon
noun [C usually plural] FORMAL OR SPECIALIZED
a rule, principle or law, especially in the Christian Church
technocrat
1 : an adherent of technocracy (government by technicians; specifically : management of society by technical experts)
2 : a technical expert; especially : one exercising managerial authority
exacerbate
verb [T]
to make something which is already bad worse:
This attack will exacerbate the already tense relations between the two communities.
virtuoso
noun [C] plural virtuosos or virtuosi
a person who is extremely skilled at something, especially at playing an instrument or performing:
Famous mainly for his wonderful voice, Cole was also a virtuoso on the piano.

virtuosity
noun [U] FORMAL
betray
verb [T]
to show feelings, thoughts or a particular characteristic without intending to:
If he is nervous on stage, he does not betray it.
Although she often seems quite cold and harsh, her smiling eyes betray her true nature.
foreshadow
verb [T] FORMAL
to act as a warning or sign of a future event:
The recent outbreak of violence was foreshadowed by isolated incidents in the city earlier this year.
sedative
noun [C]
a drug used to calm a person or animal or to make them sleep
drowsy
adjective
being in a state between sleeping and being awake:
The room is so warm it's making me feel drowsy.
psychosis
noun [C or U] plural psychoses
any of a number of the more severe mental diseases that make you believe things that are not real:
She fell into a drug-induced psychosis.
wanderlust
noun [U]
the desire to travel far away and to many different places:
In July wanderlust takes over the whole nation.
miser
noun [C] DISAPPROVING
someone who has a great desire to possess money and hates to spend it
pugnacious
: having a quarrelsome or combative nature : TRUCULENT
synonym see BELLIGERENT
foolhardy
: foolishly adventurous and bold : RASH
synonym see ADVENTUROUS
rash
adjective
careless or unwise, without thought for what might happen or result:
That was a rash decision - you didn't think about the costs involved.
[+ to infinitive] I think it was a bit rash of them to get married when they'd only known each other for a few weeks.
narcotic
noun [C]
1 MAINLY US an illegal drug such as heroin or cocaine:
He faces three years in jail for selling narcotics.

2 SPECIALIZED a drug which makes you want to sleep and prevents you feeling pain:
Morphine is a narcotic.
relapse
verb [I] FORMAL
to become ill or start behaving badly again, after making an improvement:
She managed to stop using drugs for a month, but then relapsed.
He looked happy for a brief while, before relapsing into silent misery.
lethargic
adjective
lacking in energy; feeling unwilling and unable to do anything:
I was feeling tired and lethargic.
resuscitate
verb [T]
to bring someone or something back to life or consciousness:
Her heart had stopped, but the doctors successfully resuscitated her.
tonic
noun
1 [C] a liquid medicine which has the general effect of making you feel better rather than treating a particular health problem that you might have

2 [S] INFORMAL something that makes you feel stronger or happier:
The magazine is lively and interesting - the pictures alone are a tonic.
stygian
adjective LITERARY
extremely and unpleasantly dark:
Stygian gloom
abysmal
1 a : having immense or fathomless extension downward, backward, or inward <an abysmal cliff> b : immeasurably great : PROFOUND <abysmal ignorance> c : immeasurably low or wretched <abysmal living conditions of the poor>
2 : ABYSSAL
contentious
adjective
causing or likely to cause disagreement:
a contentious decision/policy/issue/subject
She has some rather contentious views on education.
fortuitous
adjective FORMAL
(of something that is to your advantage) not planned, happening by chance:
The timing of the meeting is certainly fortuitous.
The collapse of its rivals brought fortuitous gains to the company.
cataclysm
noun [C] LITERARY
a great destructive event or sudden violent change
onerous
adjective FORMAL
difficult to do or needing a lot of effort:
the onerous task of finding a peaceful solution
the onerous duties of motherhood
feckless
adjective FORMAL
describes people or behaviour with no energy and enthusiasm:
He was portrayed as a feckless drunk.
illusory
adjective (ALSO illusive) FORMAL
not real; based on illusion:
pliant
adjective
1 Pliant people are easily influenced or controlled by other people:
I don't think it's a good thing for children to be too pliant.

2 able to bend easily without breaking:
These toys are made of pliant rubber, so they won't break.

3 being able and willing to accept change or new ideas:
The management has adopted a more pliant position, and has agreed to listen to the staff's requests.
upbraid
1 : to criticize severely : find fault with
2 : to reproach severely : scold vehemently
synonym see SCOLD
reproach
verb [T]
to criticize someone, especially for not being successful or not doing what is expected:
His mother reproached him for not eating all his dinner.
[R] You have nothing to reproach yourself for/with.
dote
to love someone completely and believe they are perfect:
He dotes on the new baby.
recast
verb [T] recast, recast
to change the form of something, or to change an actor in a play or film:
She recast her novel as a musical comedy.
In despair, the theatre director recast the leading role.
predicate
verb [T] FORMAL
to state that something is true:
[+ that] It would be unwise to predicate that the disease is caused by a virus before further tests have been carried out.
postulate
verb [I or T] FORMAL
to suggest a theory, idea, etc. as a basic principle from which a further idea is formed or developed:
It was the Greek astronomer, Ptolemy, who postulated that the Earth was at the centre of the universe.
cessation
noun [C or U] FORMAL
ending or stopping:
Religious leaders have called for a total cessation of the bombing campaign.
See also cease.
terrestrial
adjective
1 FORMAL relating to the planet Earth
Compare extraterrestrial.

2 SPECIALIZED (of animals) living on the land rather than in the sea or air

3 FORMAL describes television channels which are broadcast from stations on the ground and do not use satellites
divulge
verb [T]
to make something secret known:
Journalists do not divulge their sources.
[+ question word] The managing director refused to divulge how much she earned.
patronize
1 : to act as patron of : provide aid or support for
2 : to adopt an air of condescension toward : treat haughtily or coolly
3 : to be a frequent or regular customer or client of
adulteration
verb [T always passive]
to make food or drink weaker or to lower its quality, by adding something else:
There were complaints that the beer had been adulterated with water.
deposition
1 : an act of removing from a position of authority
2 a : a testifying especially before a court b : DECLARATION; specifically : testimony taken down in writing under oath c : out-of-court testimony made under oath and recorded by an authorized officer for later use in court; also : a meeting at which such testimony is taken
3 : an act or process of depositing
4 : something deposited : DEPOSIT
morose
1 : having a sullen and gloomy disposition
2 : marked by or expressive of gloom
synonym see SULLEN
taciturn
adjective
saying little, especially habitually:
He's a reserved, taciturn person.
repine
1 : to feel or express dejection or discontent : COMPLAIN
2 : to long for something
venerate
verb [T] FORMAL
to honour or greatly respect a person or thing:
Robert Burns is Scotland's most venerated poet.
deride
1 : to laugh at contemptuously
2 : to subject to usually bitter or contemptuous ridicule
synonym see RIDICULE
ostracize
verb [T]
to avoid someone intentionally or to prevent them from taking part in the activities of a group:
His colleagues ostracized him after he criticized the company in public.
defiance
noun [U]
when you refuse to obey someone or something:
The demonstration is a pointless act/gesture of defiance against the government.
In defiance of the ceasefire, rebel troops are again firing on the capital.
inveterate
1 : firmly established by long persistence <the inveterate tendency to overlook the obvious>
2 : confirmed in a habit : HABITUAL <an inveterate liar>
undergird
1 archaic : to make secure underneath <took measures to undergird the ship -- Acts 27:17 (Revised Standard Version)>
2 : to form the basis or foundation of : STRENGTHEN, SUPPORT <facts and statistics subtly undergird his commentary -- Susan Q. Stranahan>
undermine
1 : to excavate the earth beneath : form a mine under : SAP
2 : to wash away supporting material from under
3 : to subvert or weaken insidiously or secretly <trying to undermine his political rivals>
4 : to weaken or ruin by degrees
overhaul
1 a : to examine thoroughly b (1) : REPAIR (2) : to renovate, remake, revise, or renew thoroughly
2 : to haul or drag over
3 : OVERTAKE
intersperse
1 : to place something at intervals in or among <intersperse a book with pictures>
2 : to insert at intervals among other things <interspersing drawings throughout the text>
canonical
1 : of, relating to, or forming a canon
2 : conforming to a general rule or acceptable procedure : ORTHODOX
3 : of or relating to a clergyman who is a canon
4 : reduced to the canonical form <a canonical matrix>
canopy
1 a : a cloth covering suspended over a bed b : a cover (as of cloth) fixed or carried above a person of high rank or a sacred object : BALDACHIN c : a protective covering: as (1) : the uppermost spreading branchy layer of a forest (2) : AWNING, MARQUEE
2 : an ornamental rooflike structure
3 a : the transparent enclosure over an airplane cockpit b : the fabric part of a parachute that catches the air
caprice
1 a : a sudden, impulsive, and seemingly unmotivated notion or action b : a sudden usually unpredictable condition, change, or series of changes <the caprices of the weather>
2 : a disposition to do things impulsively
whimsical
1 : full of, actuated by, or exhibiting (a capricious or eccentric and often sudden idea or turn of the mind)
2 a : resulting from or characterized by whim or caprice; especially : lightly fanciful <whimsical decorations> b : subject to erratic behavior or unpredictable change
furtive
1 a : done by stealth : SURREPTITIOUS b : expressive of stealth : SLY <had a furtive look about him>
2 : obtained underhandedly : STOLEN
deliberate
to think about or discuss issues and decisions carefully
insubordinate
disobedient to authority
hidebound
1 of a domestic animal : having a dry skin lacking in pliancy and adhering closely to the underlying flesh
2 : having an inflexible or ultraconservative character
caricature
1 : exaggeration by means of often ludicrous distortion of parts or characteristics
2 : a representation especially in literature or art that has the qualities of caricature
3 : a distortion so gross as to seem like caricature
cartographer
one that makes maps
weaver
one that makes clothes especially as an occupation
lexicographer
an author or editor of a dictionary
castigate
to subject to severe punishment, reproof, or criticism
synonym see PUNISH
loathing
extreme disgust : DETESTATION
turret
a little tower; specifically : an ornamental structure at an angle of a larger structure
caustic
1 : capable of destroying or eating away by chemical action : CORROSIVE
2 : marked by incisive sarcasm
3 : relating to or being the surface or curve of a caustic
solvent
1 : able to pay all legal debts <a solvent company>
2 : that dissolves or can dissolve <solvent action of water>
spelunker
one who makes a hobby of exploring and studying caves
cavil
intransitive verb : to raise trivial and frivolous objection
transitive verb : to raise trivial objections to
probe
to search into and explore very thoroughly : subject to a penetrating investigation
nitpick
minute and usually unjustified criticism
carping
Function: adjective
: marked by or inclined to querulous (habitually complaining) and often perverse criticism
libertine
a person who is unrestrained by convention or morality; specifically : one leading a dissolute (indulgence in things) life
licentious
1 : lacking legal or moral restraints; especially : disregarding sexual restraints
2 : marked by disregard for strict rules of correctness
cede
1 : to yield or grant typically by treaty
2 : ASSIGN, TRANSFER
lament
1 : to express sorrow, mourning, or regret for often demonstratively : MOURN
2 : to regret strongly
slight
1 : to treat as slight or unimportant : make light of
2 : to treat with disdain or indifference <slight a guest>
3 : to perform or attend to carelessly and inadequately <don't slight your work>
hull
1 a : the outer covering of a fruit or seed b : the persistent calyx or involucre that subtends some fruits (as a strawberry)
2 a : the frame or body of a ship or boat exclusive of masts, yards, sails, and rigging b : the main body of a usually large or heavy craft or vehicle (as an airship or tank)
3 : COVERING, CASING
censorious
marked by or given to censure
centrifuge
a machine using centrifugal force for separating substances of different densities, for removing moisture, or for simulating gravitational effects