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44 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Impressionism - style period
harp & flute
no pulse

Debussy - Prelude to The Afternoon of a Faun (only one)
the technique of setting instruments in various combinations
chromatic scale
consists of an ascending or descending sequence of semitones
whole tone scale
scale pattern built entirely of whole tone intervals, common in the music of the French impressionist
mythlogical creature which is 1/2 man 1/2 goat
Expressionism - style period
German - Extreme highs and lows

Schoenberg - Pierrot lunaire no. 18
(only one)
Neoclassicism - sytle period
Absolute music

Bartok - Interrupted Intermezzo
the simultaneous use of several rhythmic patterns or meters, common in 20th century music and in certain African musics
Constantly changing meter, sometime with each measure. Used in Western music achieving something of the complexity and suppleness of Asian and African rhythms
20th century composers added more "stories" to such chords, forming highlt dissonant polychords of six and seven notes.
the simulatneous use of two or more keys, common in 20th century music
total abondonment of tonality (centering in a key). Atonal music moves from one level of dissonance to another, without areas of relaxation
twelve-tone method - created by Schoenberg (Serialism)
compositional procedure of the 20th century based on the use of all 12 chromatic tones (in a tone row) without a central tone, or tonic, according to prescribed rules.
method of composition in which various musical elements, (pitch, rhythm, dynamics, tone color) may be ordered in a fixed series.
tone row
an arrangement of the twelve chromatic tones that serves as the basis of a twelve-tone composition
Second Viennese School
name given to composer Arnold Schoenberg and his pupils Alban Berg and Anton Webern; represents the first efforts in 12-tone composition
a vocal style in which the melody is spoken at approximate pitches rather than sung on exact pitches, developed by Arnold Schoenberg
20th century technique in which the notes of a melody are distrubuted among different instruments, giving a pointillistic texture
total serialism
extremely complex, totally controlled music in shich the 12-tone principle is extended to elements of music other than pitch
compartative study of musics of the world, with a focus on the cultural contect of music
late 19th century piano style created by African Americans, characterized by highly syncopated melodies; also played in ensemble arrangements. contributed to early jazz style
scat singing
a jazz style that sets syllables without meaning (vocables) to an improvised vocal line
blue note
a slight drop of pitch on the 3rd, 5th, or 7th tone of the scale, common in blues and jazz
a textless vocal melody, as in an exercise or concert piece
performance art
multimedia art form involving visual as well as dramatic and musical elements
aleatoric music
indeterminate music in which certain elements of the performance (such as pitch, rythym, or form) are left to choice or chance
open form
indeterminate contemporary music in which some details of a composition are clearly indicated, but the overall structure is left to choice or chance
prepared piano
piano whose sound is altered by the insertion of various materials (metal, rubber, leather, and paper) between the strings; invented by John Cage
New Romanticism - style period
minimalist music
contemporary musical style featuring the repetition of short melodic rythmic, and harmonic patterns with little variation
Nationalism - style period
Debussy; Prelude to "The Afternoon of a Faun"

Lyrical, sinuous melodies (opening in chromatic), that repeat.

Rich instrumental color, with individual timbres that stand out
Floating rythm, evocative mood
Stravinsky: The Rite of Spring
Part II excerpts

Hugh orch. frces, with constantly changing timbral colors.
Violent rhythm conflicts
Dissonant harmonic palatte
4' 33"
John Cages silent performance.
Listen for background noises
Primitivism - SP
Heavy handed percussion
Extreme registers
Schoenberg - Pierrot lunaire
solo female voice with small group intrst.

Bartok - Interrupted Intermezzo
Orchestral concerto

loud dissonant string begining notes then soft woodwinds
then soft strings

Copland - Billy the Kid

Set in the American West with use of cowboy songs

Orchestral suite
Gershwin - Piano Perlude No. 1
Piano and violin (only one)

elements of jazz and ragtime in classical form
Bernstein - West Side Story
programmatic - based on romeo and juliet

lots of brass in orchestra
Crumb - Ancient Voices of Children
female voice alone - vocalise
Ligeti - Disorder from Etudes for Piano
Solo piano work

very fast, rhythmical steady 8th notes with shifting accents
Tan Dun - Farewell from Crouching Tiger Hidden Dragon
film score

cello and erhu (bowed chinese violin), chinese hand drum and western orch.
Adams - Road Runner
chamber orch with synthesizer

minimalism (SP)

frenzied pace