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56 Cards in this Set

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dot
when set after a note it prolongs its value by half
martele
heavily accented notes played with staccato qualities
crescendo
growing louder
forte
loud
down bow
pulling to bow from frog to tip
simile
similarly
DS al coda
go back to the sign and play to the coda
fermata
hold
allegro Vivo
fast and lively
subito
suddenly
a tempo
in tempo
piano
soft
arco
bowed
8va
play up one octave
DC al fine
go back to beginning and play to fine
loure/portato
played in one bow but slightly separated
dolce
sweetly
marcato
with distinctness and emphasis
decrescendo
decreasing in loudness
pizzicato
plucked
andante con moto
moderately slow with motion
slur
a curved line under or over 2 or more notes, signifying that they are to be played legato
accent
stress
fortissimo
extremely loud
allargando
growing slower
largo
slow
articulation
clearly phrased
solo
passage for a single instrument
detache
to be played in separate bows, not slurred
picardy third
the baroque practice of ending a piece in a minor key with a major chord
andante non troppo
moderately slow but not too slow
tempo di marcia
march tempo
col legno
to be played with the wood of the bow
restez
play on the same string or stay in the same position
cantabile
in a singing or vocal style
pianissimo
very soft
trill
the rapid alteration of two tones a major or minor 2nd apart
ponticello
the bow contacts the string mear the bridge
sotto voce
under the breath
tie
a curved line joining 2 notes of like pitch
l'istesso tempo
the same tempo
harmonic
obtained by lightly touching a nodal point of a string
maestoso
majestically
poco rallantendo
growing a little slower
staccato
notes are played with abrupt beginning and ending. length of note is shortened
time signature
top #: beats per measure
bottom #: which note receives one beat
piu
more
penultimate
next to last
sul tasto
the bow contacts the string near or over the fingerboard with little pressure
spicatto
a bouncing bow stroke in which the bow leaves the string after each note
poco a poco
little by little
meno
less
mezzo-forte
medium loud
mezzo-piano
medium soft
up bow
pushing the bow from tip to frog
sforzando
marked and sudden emphasis