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65 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Music
The art of sound and time that changes from culture to culture
Timbre
Tone color
Pitch
High vs. Low
Dynamics
Loud and soft
Frequency
Level of sound
How many cycles in music?
440/sec.
Hertz
Amplitude
The number that goes with music-amplifer-TURN IT TO 11!
Forte
Strong
Piano
Soft
Issimo
the most
Mezzo
medium
Mezzo piano
medium soft
Piuforte
more strong/loud
Menoforte
less loud
20,000 hz
the amount of sound the musical ear can hear
Subito
sudden changes in dynamics
Crescendo
gradually getting louder
Descendo (decrease) or Diminuendo (Dim)
gradually getting softer
Tone color
Produced in complex ways
Duration
Length of time we hear in minutes, seconds, microseconds
Rhythm
Main driving force in music.
The way musical time is organized by durations of various magnitudes.
Rhythmic
music w/ simple patterns
one two/one repeating, metrical
Beats
provide basic unit of measurement for time in music
Meter
Any recurring pattern of strong and weak beats such as ONE tow and ONE two three
strong/weak pattern repeated
Syncopation
Accents can be displaced
Tempo
Speed of music
60/60 water beats per minute
metronome marks
Adagio
Slow
Andante
on slow side, not too slow
Moderato
moderate tempo
Allegretto
On fast side, not too fast
Allegro
fast
Presto
very fast
Largo, lento, grave
slow, very slow
Larghetto
somewhat faster than largo
Andantino
somewhat faster than andante
Vivace, vivo
lively
Molto allegro
faster than allegro
Prestissimo
very fast indeed
Accelerando
gradually getting faster
Ritardando
gradually getting slower
Piulento
a hold of indefinte length on a certain note or rest
atmepo
back to main tempo
Scale
pool of pitches for making music
twelve pitches for most music
Interval
distance between pitches
Ocatve
"Duplicate" earlier pitch
ten octaves
Diatonic scale
chromatic scale
Western music-7 pitches
12 pitches-b and w set of keys on piano
Half-step
Semitone, distance between any two successive notes of the Chromatic scale
Whole step
Whole tone, equilvalent to two half steps
Hemiola
Placing of two subdivisons of a beat placed agaisnt each other
Melody
An organzied series of pitches
Tune
Simple, easy
Easily singable
Sequence
Two or more different pitch levels
Cadence
End of phrase
Motive
meloday
all music has motive
distinctive fragments
theme
rhythmic idea
impression
key
Harmony
chord=e or more notes
Consonance
with sounds
Disonance
Dissonant=agaisnt sounds
Resolved
resolution
Texture
Kind of harmony or accompiment that goes w/ a melody
Monophony
mono-phonic
one sound-1 melody
Heterophony
melody and var.
minor variaton
Homophony
same sound
Polyphony
Polyphonic
many more than one important melody
Two types of polyphony
Non-imitative
Imitative