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121 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
He was the first great conductor
Mendelssohn
Where was Mendelssohn born
Liezpig Germany
Who revered the music of Bach?
Mendalssohn
Was Mendelssohn a child Prodigy
Yuppers
At age 12 he wrote 12 symphonies for orcestra.
Mendelssohn
What was Mendelssohn's sisters name, and what was she discouraged from doing?
Fanny, and composing
Who wrote a concert overture inspired by a "Midsummer's Night Dream"?
Mendelssohn
King of Prussia commited Mendelssohn to write for this opera.
"A Midsummer's Night Dream"
Who wrote 5 mature symphones (only 3 performed), and has popular violin/piano conchertos, and chamber music
Mendelssohn
Mendelssohn wrote two oratorios--Which gospels where they on?
St John, Elijah
Mendelssohn often traveled to London and was friendly with these royalties?
The Queen of England, and the prince.
Traveled to Scotland and wrote his third symphony inspired by Scotland and entitled it the Scotland Symphony?
Mendellsohn
His 4th symphony was called the Italian symphony.
Mendelssohn
Wrote Hark the Herald Angels Sing
Mendelssohn
Ruined his hands which focused this composer on composing.
Shumann
Fell in love with one of his paino students?
Shumann, Clara Wieck
Was Clara Wieck discouaraged to compose by Shumann?
Yuppers
True or False--Clara was one of the best pianists.
Yuppers again
This composer was manic.
Shumann
Tried to commit suicide by jumping in the Rhine, and spent the rest of his life in an asylum.
Shumann
True or False--Shumann continued to compose in the insane asylum.
True
Shumann signed by two different names one when he was up and one when he was down. What were they?
Florestan-up
Eusebius-down
What was Shumann's imaginery society?
Friends of David--against Phillistines
Carnival by Shumann was this kind of piece describing people arriving at a Mardi Gras ball?
Shumann
song cycles?
many lieders put together to form a story
Shumanns 3rd symphony was entitled this?
Rhenish symphony, about the rhine, and in 5 movements with a prominant horn part
Chopin was born in this city.
Warsaw
Moved to Paris, the capitol of Music around 20.
Chopin
Wrote almost exclusively for the piano.
Chopin
Chopin died from this disease.
TB
Played new music in salon and in people's homes.
Chopin
Played new music in salon and in people's homes.
Chopin
One of the most delicate piano players.
Chopin
Chopin had a love affair with this friend writer.
George Sand (Madame Annor Duderant)
Chopin was loyal to this country in his music.
Poland
Define: Mazurka
popular polish dance tune in 3/4 with a moderate tempo
Define- Etudes
work on a technical aspect of playing
This composer wrote two books of etudes.
Chopin
Chopin's etudes #2 and #12 were called what respectively?
The Black Key, and Revolutionary Etudes
Chopin wrote 21 of this type of piece.
Nocturnes
Chopin wrote for of these for piano.
Scherzos
Define- Polonaise
Polish Dance, moderate tempo, dynamic contrast
Berlioz first followed his father's professtion. What was it?
doctor, medical school in Paris
Berlioz wrote a book of memoires on this subject.
med school
Berlioz attended this conservatory of music?
Paris
Who paid for Berlioz's conservatory tuition?
His uncle
Did Berlioz want to abide by the rules of composition?
Nope
Who wrote the oratorios the Damnation of the Faust and Rakoczy?
Berlioz
True or False--Berlioz loved Shakespeare's works and plays?
True
What composer did the English theatre company hire to do plays in Paris?
Berlioz
Berlioz wrote a symphony about her?
The actress he fell in love with
Define- Idee Fixe
melody that keeps returning
Berlioz used the idee fixe in what work?
The Fantastic Symphony
Define- Program Music
Music that tells a story
What symphony did the waltz form make it's first appearance?
Fantastic Symphony
Define- Pizzacato
plucked strings
Define- Arco
played with the bow
The Fantastic Symphony required four of these.
Timpanis
Hungarian composer (born there), but lived in Germany and Paris
Lizst
Known as the greatest pianist of the 19th century
Liszt
Often broke strings at recitals.
Lizst
Studied to become a priest.
Lizst
Who was known as the Abbe Lizst?
Lizst
Had minor orders in the Catholic church.
Lizst
Who wrote the Transcendental Etudes?
Lizst
Who wrote the Totentanz, or Dance of Death?
Lizst
Define- Glissando
sliding over many notes
Lizst wrote symphony poems. Define them.
A one movement piece, that tells a story or describes a scene of some sort, inspired by a literary work or philosophy.
Lizst designed this style of piece?
Symphony poems
Lizst wrote 13 of these inspired by the French poet La Montine.
Symphony poems
Define- Aria
solo for a single singer
Who wrote 15 Hungarian rhapsodies, with #2 being the most popular?
Lizst
How did Lizst write the Hungarian Rhapsodies?
He took the melodies of other composers and added embellishments.
Who wrote the earliest opera still performed and what is it called?
Montiverdi, Orfeo
Define- Bel Canto
beautiful singing
Wrote one of the most popular operas entitled "Carmen."
Bizet
Define- Habenera
aria opening the opera
What is the most famous aria from Carmen.
Torender
Was Carmen a success when it opened?
No and Bizet was hurt by this
Who wrote 26 operas?
Verdi
Who wrote Aidi in 1871?
Verdi
Who commisioned Aidi and why?
Egypt for the opening of the Suez canal
What did Wagner mostly concentrate on?
Writing Operas
What did Wagner call operas?
music dramas
Wrote his own librettos?
Wagner
Built his own theatre in Bayrenth and relied heavily on patronage?
Wagner
Who was the biggest supporter of Wagner and almost depleted the Bavaria treasury in doing so?
King Ludwig II of Bavaria
Wrote 13 operas.
Wagner
What group of four operas was written by Wagner and based on Norse mythology?
Ring of Nibelung
Who was Hitler's favorite composer?
Wagner
Which composer was Anti-Jew?
Wagner
Which composer cannot be performed in Israel because of his views?
Wagner
Who wrote Tristan and Isolde which is based on King Aurthur stories?
Wagner
Who wrote La Boheme?
Puccini
Which opera has two famous aria's back to back?
La Boheme
Who wrote Slavonic dances which were originally for two pianos?
Dvorak
Define- Furiant
cross rhythm, accents every 2 beats, and in 3/4
Which composer received an invitation to be the director of the American Conservatory of Music in NYC?
Dvorak
Who wrote the New World Symphony?
Dvorak
Who wrote lots of tone poems, voilin conchertos and symphonies?
Sibelius
Which composer's tone poems were mostly inspired by Kalevala?
Sibelius
Who celebrated Finland's independance with the piece Finlandia which is almost a second national anthem?
Sibelius
Who composed the 1812 overture?
Tchaikovsky
Did Tchaikovsky hate the 1812 overture?
Yup
Why did Tchaikovsky hate the 1812 overture?
It was composed for money
What two melodies are used in the 1812 Overture?
God Preserve the Czar and Marsiellaise
6 symphonies by this composer.
Tchaikovsky
Tchaikovsky's brother named his last symphony this?
Pathetique
Where does the word pathetique originate from?
comes from the Greek word pathos
True or False--Pathetique ends with a slow movement?
True
Tchaikovsky died a week after the first performance of Pathetique from this disease.
Cholera
Who was born in Hamburg, Germany?
Brahms
Born in Hamburg, Germany but moved to Vienna.
Brahms
Who was true to classical forms and was interested in baroque music?
Brahms
Who directed a choral society in Vienna?
Brahms
Who was befriend by the Shumann family?
Brahms
Brahms wrote 24 variations for piano of which Handel piece?
"Variations and Fugue on Handel"
What piece did Brahms use the melody from this Haydn work for eight variations and a finale?
Wind Instruments
Wrote four symphonies.
Brahms
Wrote 21 Hungarian dances for piano duet.
Brahms
Define Brahm's Chaconne.
Series of chord harmonies repeated with melodic variations.