Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/31

Click to flip

31 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
fractures
first aid
~maintain airway
~prev shock
~splint limb
~mon 4 fat embolism (12-72hrs after long bone fx)
fracture
types of tractions
~skin: buck's, pelvic
~skeletal: thomas splint w/pearson attachment, crutchfield tongs
fracture
traction - NI - skin
~positioning
~free-hanging wts
~maintain hanging freely
~mon 4 vascular occlusion
~wrap w/ace bandages; daily rewrapping
fracture
traction - NI - skeletal
~pin care qShift
~1/2 HS + 1/2 hydroperoxide
fracture
traction - NI - muscles
~strengthening
~ULE
~crutch walk
vascular occlusion
~pain
~pallor
~pulselessness
~paresthesia
~paralysis
hip fracture
etio
~fx neck of femur
~fx of trochanteric region of femur
~subtrochanteric fx
~prone: elderly
hip fracture
TX
~skin traction
~trochanter roll
~ORIF
hip fracture
NI
~PRE:immobilize
~anticoag
~assess skin breakdown
~POST:turn/pos
~crutch walking
amputation
NI
~PRE:psych adjustment
~surg approach: closed, open
~Rehab: flexion deformities, stump care, stump shrinking, stump toughening
amputation
complications
~hemorrhage
~infec
~phantom limb
gout
etio
~inflam type of arthritis caused by deposit of urate cyrstal in & around joints
~hereditary error in purein metab which result in excess uric acid prod
gout
S/S
~pain in great toe
~red joints, warm, swollen, painful
~lg accum of crystals in joints
gout
meds
~indomethacine (Indocin)
~probenecid (Benemid)
~allopurinol (Zyloprim)
gout
NI
~bed rest
~covers away 4m affected joints
~fluids
~no purin foods
~limit alcohol intake
systemic lupus erythematosus
etio
~chronic infla dz that involves vasc & connective tissue of multiple organs
~autoimmune dz
~connective tissue dz
~remission
systemic lupus erythematosus
S/S
~misleading onset categ by remission & exacerbation
~butterfly rash on both cheeks/bridge of nose
~rash worsens under sunlight
~polyarthalgia
~fever
~wt loss
systemic lupus erythematosus
meds
~NSAIDs
~salicylates
~steroids
systemic lupus erythematosus
NI
~no sun
~no stressful situations
~adeq rest
~exercise
~no IUD
rheumatoid arthritis
etio
~chronic systemic disease
~unknown cause
~recurrent inflam involving synovium
rheumatoid arthritis
S/S
~finger joints, cervical spine
~bilater involvement
~tenderness, swelling, warm, redness
~subQ nodules
~incr s/s in AM
~decr w/mod activity
~low temp, malaise, fatigue, stiffness
rheumatoid arthritis
TX
~rest w/joints extended
~heat, warm baths
~paraffin baths
~daily exercise
rheumatoid arthritis
meds
~ASA
~NSAIDs
~phenylbutazone (Butazoldain)
~gold salts (Myochrysine)
~steroids (PO or in2 joints)
rheumatoid arthritis
NI
~position joints in extension
~maintain body alignment
~balance rest w/exercise
~nutritious diet
osteoarthritis
etio
~degeneration of the cartilage in the joints caused by prolonged wear/tear of joint surfaces
osteoarthritis
S/S
~distal interphalangeal joints
~wt bearing joints (hip, knees, spine)
~pain and stiffness worst after inactivity/exercise
osteoarthritis
TX
~rest
~avoid over-activity
~heat, hot packs, warm soaks
~paraffin baths
~ROM exercise
osteoarthritis
meds
~ASA
~steroids in joints only
~phenylbutazone (Butazoladin)
~indomethacin (Indocin)
casts
purpose
~maintain immobility while fx heals
casts
NI
~wet cast: air dry (no fan/blow dryer)
~elev cast w/pillows while drying
~check 4 vasc occlusion
~prev complications (immobility)
amputation
stump care
~8 figure wrapping
~purpose: toughening/shrinking 4 prosthesis