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45 Cards in this Set

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appendage
any body part attached to a min structure
arms and legs
articulation
place of union between two or more bones
joint
arthritis
imflammation of a joint; usually accompanied by pain or swelling and, commonly, changes in structure
osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis
arthr:joint
cruciate ligaments
ligaments that cross each other forming an X within the notch btn the femoral condyles
cruci: cross

these ligaments help to secure the articulating bones when standing
hematopoiesis
production and development of blood cells, normally in the bone marrow
hemat/o: blood
-poiesis: formation, production
meatus
an opening or passage through any part of the body
meat: opening, meatus
-us: condition; structure
adduction
moves closer to the midline
abduction
moves away from the midline
flexion
decreases the angle of a joint
extension
increases the angle of the joint
rotation
moves a bone around its own axis
pronation
turns the palm down
supination
turns the palm up
inversion
moves the sole of the foot inward
eversion
moves the sole of the food outward
dorsiflexion
elevates the foot
plantar flexion
lowers the foot (points the toes)
ankyl/o
stiffness; bent, crooked
ankyl/osis: immobility and stiffness of a joint
-osis: abnormal condition; increase
arthr/o
joint
arthr/itis: inflamation of a joint
kyph/o
hill, mountain
kyph/osis: humpback posture
lamin/o
lamina (part of vertebral arch)
lamin/ectomy: excision of the lamina
lord/o
curve, swayback
lord/isis: swayback posture
myel/o
bone marrow; spinal cord
myel/o/pathy: any pathological condition of the spinal cord
-pathy: disease
orth/o:
straight
orth/o/ped/ist: physician specialized in the tx of musculoskeletal disorders
ped: foot; child
-ist: specialist
oste/o
bone
oste/oma: benign bony tumor
ped/o
ped/i
foot; child
ped/o/graph: imprint of foot on paper
ped/i/cure: care of feet
scoli/o
crooked, bent
scoli/osis: abnormal curvature of the spine
thorac/o
chest
thorac/o/dynia: chest pain
acromi/o
acromion (projection of scapula)
acromi/al: relating to the acromion
brachi/o
arm
brachi/algia: pain in the arm
calcane/o
calcaneum (heel bone)
calcane/o/dynia; pain in the heal when standing or walking
carp/o
carpus (wrist bone)
carp/o/ptosis: wrist drop
-ptosis: prolapse, downward displacement
cephal/o
head
cephal/ad: toward the head
-ad: toward
cervic/o
neck, cervix uteri (neck of teh uterus)
cervic/o/dynia: pain or cramp of the neck; also called cervical neuralgia
clavicul/o
clavicle (callorbone)
clavicul/ar: pertaining to the clavicle
-ar: pertaining to, relating to
cost/o
ribs
cost/ectomy: excision or resection of a rib
crani/o
cranium (skull)
crani/o/tomy: incision of the cranium
-tomy: incision
dactyl/o:
fingers; toes
dactyl/o/megaly: abnormal large size of fingers and toes
-megaly: enlargement
femor/o
femur (thigh bone)
femor/al: pertaining to the femur
-al: pertaining to
fibul/o
fibula (smaller bone of the lower leg)
fibul/o/calcane/al: pertaing to the calcaneus and fibula
humer/o
humerus (upper arm bone)
humer/o/scapul/ar: concerning the humerus and scapula
scapula: shoulder (shoulder blade)
ili/o
ilium (lateral, flaring portion of hip bone)
ili/o/pev/ic: pertaining to the iliac area of the pelvis
ischi/o
ischium (lower portion of hip bone)
ischi/o/dynia: pain in the ischium
lumb/o:
loins (lower back)
lumb/o/dynia: pain in the lumbar region or of the back
metacarp/o:
metacarpus (hand bone)
metacarp/ectomy: surgical incision of or more metacarpal bones