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50 Cards in this Set

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Superficial Pectoral m.
Descending: first sternebra --> crest of greater tubercle of humerus
(cranial pectoral n.)

Transverse: first 2-3 sternebrae --> crest of greater tubercle of humerus
(cranial pectoral n.)

Pectoantebrachialis (cat): manubrium --> superficial fascia of proximal antebrachium

[all adduct the limb]
Deep Pectoral m.
Ascending: ventral sternum --> lesser tubercle of humerus, aponeurosis to greater tubercle of humerus (caudal pectoral n.)

Xiphihumeralis (cat): xiphoid process --> humerus, under insertion of ascending pectoral m.

[all adduct the limb, flex or extend the shoulder depending on position]
Cutaneous trunci m.
superficial gluteal fascia --> superficial fascia of trunk and neck (lateral thoracic n.)
Brachiocephalicus m.
Cleidocephalicus:
-cleidomastoideus: clavicular intersection --> mastoid prcoess
-cleidocervicalis: clavicular intersection --> cranial median raphe
(accessory n.) [extend shoulder, draw neck to side]

Cleidobrachialis: clavicular intersection --> dog: distal cranial humerus; cat: medial ulna (ventral branches of cervical spinal nn.) [extend shoulder]
Omotransversarius m.
wing of atlas --> distal spine of scapula
(accessory n.)
[advance limb, flex neck laterally]
Trapezius m.
Trapezius cervicis: median raphe of neck --> spine of scapula

Trapezius thoracis: supraspinous ligament to T9 --> spine of scapula

(accessory n.) [elevate and abduct limb]
Rhomboideus m.
Rhomboideus capitis: nuchal crest of occipital bone --> dorsal border of scaoula

Rhomboideus cervicis: median raphe of neck --> dorsal border of scapula

Rhomboideus thoracis: spinous processes of T1-7 --> dorsal border of scapula

(ventral branches of cervical spinal nn.) [elevate limb, adduct scapula]
Latissimus dorsi m.
dog: T7-L7; cat: T4-L6 --> teres major tuberosity of humerus
(thoracodorsal n.)
[flex shoulder]
Serratus ventralis m.
Serratus ventralis cervicis: transverse processes of C2-7 --> serrated face of scapula

Serratus ventralis thoracis: dog: ribs 1-8; cat: ribs 1-10 --> serrated face of scapula

(ventral branches of cervical spinal nn. and long thoracic n.)
[support trunk]
Sternocephalicus m.
Sternomastoideus: first sternebra --> mastoid process

Sternooccipitalis: first sternebra --> occipital bone

(accessory n.) [draw neck to side]
Sternohyoideus and Sternothyroideus mm.
Sternohyoideus: first sternebra --> basihyoid bone

Sternothyroideus: first costal cartilage --> thyroid cartilage

(ventral branches of cervical spinal nn.)
[draw tongue and larynx caudally]
Deltoideus m.
Scapular head: aponeurosis on spine of scapula --> deltoid tuberosity of humerus

Acromion head: acromion --> deltoid tuberosity of humerus

(axillary n.)
[flex shoulder]
Infraspinatus m.
infraspinous fossa of scapula --> greater tubercle of humerus
(suprascapular n.)
[stabilize shoulder, flex or extend depending on position]
Supraspinatus m.
supraspinous fossa of scapula --> greater tubercle of humerus
(suprascapular n.)
[stabilize and extend shoulder]
Teres minor m.
infraglenoid tubercle and distal caudal border of scapula --> teres minor tuberosity of humerus
(axillary n.)
[flex and rotate shoulder laterally]
Teres major m.
caudal angle and border of scapula --> teres major tuberosity of humerus (axillary n.) [flex and rotate shoulder medially]
Subscapularis m.
subscapular fossa --> lesser tubercle of humerus
(subscapular n. and axillary n.)
[adduct and extend shoulder, part the is innervated by axillary n. flexes shoulder]
Coracobrachialis m.
coracoid process of scapula --> crest of lesser tubercle of humerus
(musculocutaneous n.)
[adduct, extend, and stabilize shoulder]
Tensor fasci antebrachii m.
fascia of latissimus dorsi --> olecranon of ulna
(radial n.)
[extend elbow]
Triceps brachii m.
Long head: caudal border of scapula --> olecranon [extend elbow and flex shoulder]

Lateral head: tricipital line --> olecranon [extend elbow]

Medial head: crest of lesser tubercle of humerus --> olecranon [extend elbow]

Accessory head: neck of humerus --> olecranon [extend elbow]

(radial n.)
Anconeus m.
lateral supracondylar crest and both epicodyles --> lateral proximal ulna
(radial n.) [extend elbow]

cats: epitrochleoanconeus, associated with supracondylar foramen
Biceps brachii m.
supraglenoid tubercle of scapula --> dog: ulnar and radial tuberosities; cat: radial tuberosity only
(musculocutaneous n.) [flex elbow, extend shoulder]
Brachialis m.
proximal lateral humerus --> dog: ulnar and radial tuberosities; cat: ulnar tuberosity only
(radial n.)
[extend elbow]
Extensor carpi radialis m.
lateral supracondylar crest --> dorsal proximal metacarpals 2-3
(radial n.)
[extend carpus]
Common digital extensor m.
lateral epicondyle --> extensor process of distal phalanges 2-5
(radial n.)
[extend carpus and joints of digits 2-5]
Lateral digital extensor m.
dog: lateral epicondyle; cat: lateral supracondylar ridge --> extensor process of distal and middle phalanges 3-5; cats: 2-5
(radial n.)
[extend carpus and joints of associated digits]
Ulnaris lateralis m.
lateral epicondyle --> dog: proximal MC5 and accessory carpal; cat: MC5 only
(radial n.)
[antihyperextender of carpus, abduct carpus]
Abductor pollicis longus m.
lateral ulna --> proximal MC1
(radial n.)
[extend carpus, abduct digit 1]
Brachioradialis m.
lateral supracondylar crest --> dog: distal radius; cat: styloid process of radius
(radial n.)
[supinate antebrachium]
Supinator m.
lateral epicondyle --> cranial proximal radius
(radial n.)
[supinate antebrachium]
Flexor carpi radialis m.
medial epicondyle of humerus, medial radius --> palmar base of MC 2-3
(median n.)
[flex carpus]
Superficial digital flexor m.
medial epicondyle --> proximal palmar middle phalanges 2-5
(median n.)
[flex carpus and joints of digits 2-5]
Deep digital flexor m.
Humeral head: medial epicondyle --> palmar distal phalanges 1-5

Radial head: middle medial radius --> palmar distal phalanges 1-5

Ulnar head: proximal caudal ulna --> palmar distal phalanges 1-5

(median n. and ulnar n.)
[flex carpus and joints of digits 1-5]
Flexor carpi ulnaris m.
Ulnar head: olecranon --> accessory carpal

Humeral head: medial epicondyle --> accessory carpal

(ulnar n.)
[flex carpus]
Pronator teres m.
medial epicondyle --> medial radius
(median n.)
[pronate antebrachium, flex elbow]
Pronator quadratus m.
between radius and ulna

(median n.)
[pronate antebrachium]
Interossei mm.
base of MC2-5 --> base of proximal phalanges, proximal palmar sesamoids
(ulnar n.)
(flex and stabilize metacarpophalangeal joints 2-5]
Muscles innervated by accessory n.
Cleidocephalicus m.
Omotransversarius m.
Sternocephalicus m.
Trapezius m.
Muscles innervated by ventral branches of cervical spinal nn.
Cleidobrachialis m.
Sternohyoideus m.
Sternothyroideus m.
Rhomboideus m.
Serratus ventralis m.
Nerves of brachial plexus
Cranial pectoral n.
Caudal pectoral n.
Thoracodorsal n.
Lateral thoracic n.
Suprascapular n.
Subscapular n.
Musculocutaneous n.
Axillary n.
Radial n.
Median n.
Ulnar n.
Muscles innervated by musculocutaneous n.
Biceps brachii m.
Brachialis m.
Coracobrachialis m.
Muscles innervated by axillary n.
Deltoideus m.
Teres minor m.
Teres major m.
Muscles innervated by radial n.
Triceps brachii m.
Anconeus m.
Tensor fasci antebrachii m.
Extensor carpi radialis m.
Common digital extensor m.
Lateral digital extensor m.
Ulnaris lateralis m.
Abductor pollicis longus m.
Supinator m.
Brachioradialis m.
Muscles innervated by median n.
Flexor carpi radialis m.
Superficial digital flexor m.
Deep digital flexor m.
Pronator teres m.
Pronator quadratus m.
Muscles innervated by ulnar n.
Flexor carpi ulnaris m.
Deep digital flexor m.
Interossei mm.
Cutaneous areas of musculocutaneous n.
medial cutaneous antebrachial n. = AZ

palmar manus (by coursing with median n.) = OZ w/ median and ulnar nn.
Cutaneous areas of axillary n.
cranial lateral cutaneous brachial n. = AZ

cranial cutaneous antebrachial n. = OZ w/ radial n.
Cutaneous areas of radial n.
medial br. of superficial br.:
-cranial antebrachium: OZ w/ axillary
-medial manus = AZ

lateral br. of superficial br.:
- craniolateral aspects of antebrachium
- lateral cutaneous antebrachial n. = AZ
- dorsal manus = AZ
Cutaneous areas of median n.
palmar manus = OZ w/ ulnar and musculocutaneous nn.
Cutaneous areas of ulnar n.
caudal cutaneous antebrachial n. = AZ

dorsal br. to lateral manus = AZ

palmar br. to palmar manus = OZ w/ median and musculocutaneous nn.