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51 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Gluteus maximus
O: Dorsal iliac crest, sacrum, coccyx
I: Proximal posterior femur and iliotibial tract
A: Extension and lateral rotation of thigh
Gluteus medius
O: Lateral ilium
I: Greater trochanter of femur
A: Abduction and medial rotation of thigh
Gluteus minimus
O: Lateral inferior ilium
I: Greater trochanter of femur
A: Abduction and medial rotation of thigh
Piriformis
O: Sacrum
I: Greater trochanter of femur
A: Lateral rotation of extended thigh
Muscles of the posterior thigh
Gluteus maximus
Gluteus medius
Gluteus minimus
Piriformis
Semimembranousus
O: Ischial tuberosity
I: Medial condyle of tibia
A: Thigh extension, knee flexion
Semitendinousus
O: Ischial tuberosity
I: Medial proximal tibia
A: Thigh extension, knee flexion
Biceps femoris
O: Ischial tuberosity
I: Head of fibula & lateral condyle of tibia
A: Thigh extension, knee flexion
Muscles of the hamstrings
Semimembranousus
Semitendinousus
Biceps femoris
Sartorius
O: Anterior superior iliac spine
I: Medial proximal tibia
A: Flexion, abduction and lateral rotation of thigh; flexion of knee; "tailor's muscle"
Tensor fasciae latae
O: Iliac crest and anterior superior iliac spine
I: Iliotibial tract
A: Thigh abduction and flexion
Muscles of the anterior thigh
Sartorius
Tensor fasciae latae
Rectus femoris
Vastus lateralis
Vastus medialis
Vastus intermedius
Rectus femoris
O: Anterior inferior iliac spine
I: Tibial tuberosity and patella
A: Knee extension, hip flexion
Vastus lateralis
O: Femur (greater trochanter and linea aspera)
I: Tibial tuberosity and patella
A: Knee extension
Vastus medialis
O: Linea aspera of femur
I: Tibial tuberosity and patella
A: Knee extension
Vastus intermedius
O: Anterior lateral proximal femur
I: Tibial tuberosity and patella
A: Knee extension
Adductor magnus
O: Ischial tuberosity
I: Linea aspera of femur
A: Thigh adduction
Adductor longus
O: Pubis
I: Linea aspera and adductor tubercle of femur
A: Thigh adduction
Adductor brevis
O: Pubis
I: Linea aspera of femur
A: Thigh adduction
Pectineus
O: Pubis
I: Linea aspera of femur
A: Thigh adduction
Gracilis
O: Pubis
I: Medial proximal tibia
A: Thigh adduction
Muscles of the medial thigh
Adductor magnus
Adductor longus
Adductor brevis
Pectineus
Gracilis
Rectus abdominis
O: Pubis
I: Sternum, ribs
A: Flex trunk, depress rib cage
External oblique
O: Anterior ribs
I: Linea alba
A: Flex trunk, compress abdomen
Internal oblique
O: Lumbar spine, pelvis
I: Linea alba
A: Flex trunk, compress abdomen
Transverse abdominis
O: Lumbar spine, ribcage, pelvis
I: Linea alba
A: Compress abdomen
Diaphragm
O: Bottom of rib cage
I: Central tendon (center of diaphragm)
A: Inhalation
Muscles of the lower thorax/abdomen
Rectus abdominis
External oblique
Internal oblique
Transverse abdominis
Diaphragm
Quadratus lumborum
O: Iliac crest
I: 12th rib, transverse process of lumbar vertebrae
A: Laterally flex trunk
Iliopsoas
O: Lumbar spine, ilium
I: Lesser trochanter of the femur
A: Flexes the thigh at the hip joint
Muscles of the lower back
Quadratus lumborum
Psoas major
Iliacus
Iliocostalis
Longissimus
Spinalis
Errector muscles of the spine
Iliocostalis
Longissimus
Spinalis
Tibialis anterior
O: Lateral condyle of the tibia
I: Inferior surface of medial cuneiform
A: Dorsiflexion & inversion of foot
Extensor digitorum longus
O: Lateral condyle of the tibia, anterior fibula
I: Digits 2-5
A: Extends digits, dorsiflexes foot
Extensor hallucis longus
O: Anterior fibula
I: Hallux
A: Extends hallus, dorsiflexes foot
Fibularis/ peroneus tertius
O: Anterior fibula
I: 5th metatarsal
A: Dorsiflexion & eversion of foot
Muscles of the anterior compartment
Tibialis anterior
Extensor digitorum longus
Extensor hallucis longus
Fibularis/ peroneus tertius
Gastrocnemius
O: Medial & lateral condyles of femur
I: Calcaneus via calcaneal tendon
A: Plantar flexion, knee flexion
Soleus
O: Proximal tibia and fibula
I: Calcaneus via calcaneal tendon
A: Plantar flexion
Plantaris
O: Lateral condyle of femur
I: Calcaneus via calcaneal tendon
A: Assists in plantar flexion & knee flexion
Popliteus
O: Lateral condyle of femur
I: Proximal tibia
A: Flexes and medially rotates leg to unlock extended knee
Tibialis posterior
O: Posterior tibia and fibula
I: Inferior aspects of navicular & cuneiforms
A: Plantar flexion & inversion of foot
Flexor digitorum longus
O: Posterior tibia
I: Digits 2-5
A: Plantar flexion & flexion of toes
Flexor hallucis longus
O: Posterior fibula
I: Distal phalanx of the hallux
A: Plantarflexion & flexion of the hallux
Muscles of the posterior compartment
Gastrocnemius
Soleus
Plantaris
Popliteus
Tibialis Posterior
Flexor digitorum longus
Flexor hallucis longus
Fibularis/ peroneus longus
O: Lateral aspect of head & shaft of fibula
I: 1st metatarsal on inferior aspect
A: Plantar flexion & eversion of the foot
Fibularis/ peroneus brevis
O: Lateral distal fibula
I: 5th metatarsal
A: Plantarflexion & eversion of foot
Muscles of the lateral compartment
Peroneus longus
Peroneus brevis