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103 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
True or false: Swing and improvisation are major ingredients of jazz?
True
True or false: In jazz, trumpet players often use special devices called mutes to produce an array of sounds.
True
True or false: The foundation of jazz began with whites that came to the Americas as indentured servents
False
True or false: Scholars believe that African Americans in the US continue to pass on Africanisms through African cultural memory.
True
True or false: Female blues singers recorded their music on what was known as Race Records.
True
True or false: The term "Crossroads" was first popularized in classical music.
False
True or false: The person that is known as the "King of Ragtime" is Scott Joplin.
True
True or false: The Blues tradition began as music that was based on lived experiences of Europeans.
False
True or false: The first group of African slaves in North America was not transported directly from Africa.
True
True or false: Master musicians in parts of Africa are often referred to as Griots.
True
In the study of jazz, most scholars:
a. cannot agree on one solid definition of jazz
b. believe that all jazz styles are the same
c. believe that jazz was created by Europeans
d. none of the above
a. cannot agree on one solid definition of jazz
The "Empress of the Blues" is:
a. Mamie Smith
b. Bessie Smith
c. Gertrude Rainey
d. none of the above
b. Bessie Smith
The poetic text of blues is:
a. ABA
b. BAA
c. AAA
d. AAB
d. AAB
The first major city in the development of early jazz was:
a. New Orleans
b. Chicago
c. Atlanta
d. Birmingham
a. New Orleans
The first person to make a blues recording, "Crazy Blues", was:
a. Gertrude Rainey
b. Mamie Smith
c. Bessie Smith
d. none of the above
b. Mamie Smith
The blues is often harmonized on the following chords:
a. I-VI-VII
b. I-IV-V
c. I-II-III
d. I-III-VI
b. I-IV-V
Early Dixieland jazz can be classified as:
a. classic jazz
b. modern jazz
c. acid jazz
d. none of the above
a. classic jazz
"Lining out" is basically a type of:
a. Time Line
b. Syncopation
c. Improvisation
d. Call-and-response
d. Call-and-response
"A Collection of Spiritual Songs and Hymns from Various Artists" was compiled by:
a. Thomas Darthmouth Rice
b. Robert Johnson
c. Richard Allen
d. none of the above
c. Richard Allen
The person that is often called the father of Blues is:
a. Scott Joplin
b. William Henry Lane
c. William Christopher Handy
d. none of the above
c. William Christopher Handy
The person that is known as the "Mother of the Blues" is:
a. Gertrude Rainey
b. Mamie Smith
c. Bessie Smith
d. none of the above
a. Gertrude Rainey
Blues is often referred to as:
a. Devil's music
b. Secular spirituals
c. Crossroads
d. All of the above
d. All of the above
A popular music form that has been incorporated in jazz is often referred to as the:
a. ABAB form
b. BABA form
c. AABA form
d. AABB form
c. AABA form
In jazz, ride rhythms are most often played by the:
a. bass player
b. piano player
c. trumpet player
d. drummer
d. drummer
In Africa, a technique where a musician fits his parts into the spaces of another musician is called:
a. walking
b. timing
c. interlocking
d. chording
c. interlocking
In Africa, a technique where a leader sings a passage of music and is answered back by a group is often referred to as:
a. comping
b. call-and-response
c. blue notes
d. none of the above
b. call-and-response
A rhythmic innovation that replaced drumming among early African slaves is known as:
a. melismas
b. falsettos
c. patting juba
d. asiento
c. patting juba
The Theater Owners Booking Association was basically:
a. a secret society for African American musicians
b. a religious society for African American ministers
c. a performing circuit for African American performers
d. none of the above
c. a performing circuit for African American performers
"Master Juba" was the name given to a:
a. an early blues musician in the US
b. an early musician in Africa
c. an early Minstrel performer in the US
d. none of the above
c. an early Minstrel performer in the US
In African American music when a singer sings many notes on one syllable, this is a technique of singing:
a. blues notes
b. melismas
c. syncopation
d. whooping
b. melismas
In African American music, guttral effects are similar to what sounds like:
a. moans
b. groans
c. shouts
d. all of the above
d. all of the above
In New Orleans, African slaves were able to maintain many of their cultural and musical traditions at a location known as:
a. Bantu Square
b. Guinea Coast Square
c. Congo Square
d. none of the above
c. Congo Square
"Downhearted Blues" was recorded by:
a. William Christopher Handy
b. Bessie Smith
c. William Henry Lane
d. Mamie Smith
b. Bessie Smith
Cries, Field Hollers, and Work Songs are early types of:
a. religious music
b. slave songs
c. European songs
d. none of the above
b. slave songs
Jim Crow is an ealry character in:
a. blues
b. jazz
c. minstrelsy
d. none of the above
c. minstrelsy
True or false: Swing music was basically dance music with fast rhythms.
True
True or false: As big bands became larger, more emphasis was placed on collective improvisation.
False
True or false: Duke Ellington was the first bandleader to divide his band into rhythm, brass, and saxophone sections.
True
True or false: Jimmy Lunceford is considered to be the most creative and prolific composer and arranger in jazz history.
False
True or false: Riffs are important because they often serve as background for improvised solos.
True
True or false: In Kansas City, musicians often participated in jam sessions at several social clubs.
True
True or false: "Livery Stable Blues" was recorded by the Original Dixieland Jazz Band.
True
True or false: In New York, stride pianists often performed rent parties.
True
True or false: Benny Goodman had a great sense of communication with his audience in that everyone (black and white) could relate to his music.
True
The King of Swing is:
a. Duke Ellington
b. Bennie Moten
c. Count Basie
d. none of the above
d. none of the above
Head arrangements are types of:
a. jam sessions
b. riffs
c. comping
d. stride piano
b. riffs
"Afro-Eurasion Eclipse" was composed by:
a. Benny Goodman
b. Bix Beiderbecke
c. Jimmy Lunceford
d. Jelly Roll Morton
d. Jelly Roll Morton
"Take the A Train" was composed by:
a. Count Basie
b. Gene Krupa
c. Duke Ellington
d. Billy Strayhorn
d. Billy Strayhorn
The "father of stride piano" is:
a. Tom Brown
b. Art Tatum
c. Thomas Fats Waller
d. James P. Johnson
d. James P. Johnson
"Let's Dance" was:
a. a New York radio show that featured Benny Moten
b. a New York radio show that featured Benny Goodman
c. a New York radio show that featured Fletcher Henderson
d. none of the above
b. a New York radio show that featured Benny Goodman
"The Charleston and Carolina Shout" were composed by:

a. Charlie Christian
b. Coleman Hawkins
c. Billy Strayhorn
d. none of the above
b. Coleman Hawkins
"Strange Fruit" and "God Bless the Child" was recorded by:

a. Coleman Hawkins
b. Billie Holiday
c. Earl Hines
d. Mary Lou Williams
b. Billie Holiday
In early jazz improvisation was referred to as:

a. messing around
b. embellishing
c. jassing up
d. all of the above
d. all of the above
The person that first popularized the tenor saxophone in jazz was:

a. Coleman Hawkins
b. Lester Young
c. Charles Buddy Bolden
d. none of the above
b. Lester Young
The person that set the performing and arranging standards for swing bands was:

a. Billy Strayhorn
b. Jimmy Lunceford
c. Fletcher Henderson
d. Earl Hines
c. Fletcher Henderson
The person that popularized the electric guitar in jazz was:

a. Charlie Christian
b. Teddy Wilson
c. Nick LaRocca
d. none of the above
a. Charlie Christian
The group that made the first jazz recording was the:

a. Creole Jazz Band
b. Original Dixieland Jazz Band
c. Papa Jack Laine Jazz Band
d. none of the above
b. Original Dixieland Jazz Band
Early New Orleans jazz bands basically performed:

a. no improvisation
b. collective improvisation
c. riffs
d. none of the above
b. collective improvisation
The rhythm section of big bands often consisted of instruments such as:

a. trumpets and trombones
b. trumpets and saxophones
c. drums and bass
d. none of the above
c. drums and bass
The father of what is known as "scatting" is:

a. James P. Johnson
b. Fletcher Henderson
c. Jelly Roll Morton
d. Louis Armstrong
d. Louis Armstrong
"Black, Brown, and Beige" is an extended jazz work composed by:

a. Duke Ellington
b. Charlie Christian
c. Teddy Wilson
d. Lester Young
a. Duke Ellington
"West End Blues" was recorded by:

a. Bix Beiderbecke and Don Redman
b. Louis Armstrong and Earl Hines
c. Teddy Wilson and Gene Krupa
d. none of the above
b. Louis Armstrong and Earl Hines
Jungle music was the creation of:

a. Louis Armstrong
b. Count Basie
c. Andy Kirk
d. none of the above
d. none of the above
"Struttin' With Some Barbecue" was written to show the musical skills of:

a. Bennie Moton
b. Bix Beiderbecke
c. Bennie Goodman
d. Louis Armstrong
d. Louis Armstrong
The pianist that created what was known as "trumpet style" piano was:

a. Jelly Roll Morton
b. Nick La Rocca
c. Joe King Oliver
d. Earl Hines
d. Earl Hines
"The Mooche" was composed by:

a. Fletcher Henderson
b. Count Basie
c. Duke Ellington
d. James P. Johnson
c. Duke Ellington
"Singin The Blues" was recorded by:

a. Louis Armstrong
b. Bix Beiderbecke
c. Benny Moten
d. Benny Goodman
b. Bix Beiderbecke
The person that managed the careers of musicians such as Count Basie and Benny Goodman was:

a. Don Redman
b. Andy Kirke
c. John Hammond
d. none of the above
c. John Hammond
One of the first jazz musicians to popularize the electric guitar was:

a. Charlie Christian
b. Andy Kirk
c. Lionel Hampton
d. Gene Krupa
a. Charlie Christian
Cool jazz refers to a style of jazz that tends to be softer and easier to follow than the bebop style of:

a. Duke Ellington and Count Basie
b. Charlie Parker and Dizzy Gillespie
c. Scott Joplin and James P. Johnson
d. none of the above
b. Charlie Parker and Dizzy Gillespie
Cool jazz was a style that popularized instruments such as the:

a. piano and clarinet
b. french horn and flute
c. drums and guitar
d. none of the above
b. french horn and flute
Two major jazz musicians that influenced the bebop style was:

a. Lee Konitz and Claude Thornhill
b. Coleman Hawkins and Charlie Christian
c. Claude Thornhill and John Lewis
d. none of the above
b. Coleman Hawkins and Charlie Christian
"Boplicity" and "Moon Dreams" are compositions that were arranged for the:

a. Modern Jazz Quartet
b. Dizzy Gillespie Sextet
c. The Four Brothers
d. Birth of the Cool Band
d. Birth of the Cool Band
The style of jazz that combines the elements of classical music with jazz is:

a. bebop
b. Third Stream
c. swing
d. none of the above
b. Third Stream
"Koko", "Groovin' High", and "Shaw Nuff" are:

a. cool jazz standards
b. Third Stream standards
c. bebop standards
d. swing jazz standards
c. bebop standards
In bebop much emphasis is placed on:

a. improvisation
b. chords taken from popular tunes
c. faster tempos
d. all of the above
d. all of the above
Members of the "Four Brothers" include:

a. Norman Granz, Stephane Grappelli, Gil Evans, and Gerry Mulligan
b. Miles Davis, Bud Powell, Stan Kenton, and John Lewis
c. Lee Konitz, Lennie Tristano, Gunther Schuller, and Jimmy Guiffre
d. Stan Getz, Herbie Stewart, Zoot Sims, and Serge Charloff
d. Stan Getz, Herbie Stewart, Zoot Sims, and Serge Charloff
Miles Davis and Gil Evans were members of the:

a. Woody Herman Band
b. Chick Webb Band
c. Birth of the Cool Band
d. Coleman Hawkins Band
c. Birth of the Cool Band
The jazz composition titled, "Jeru", is an example:

a. cool jazz
b. bebop jazz
c. third stream jazz
d. none of the above
a. cool jazz
The jazz musician who called his style "Bipbop" was:

a. Stan Kenton
b. John Lewis
c. Thelonious Monk
d. Gerry Mulligan
c. Thelonious Monk
"A Tisket, A Tasket" was recorded by:

a. Sarah Vaughn
b. Charlie Christian
c. Ella Fitzgerald
d. Claude Thornhill
c. Ella Fitzgerald
Cool jazz was highly influenced by the saxophone style of:

a. Thelonious Monk
b. Lennie Tristano
c. Lester Young
d. Coleman Hawkins
c. Lester Young
"Round Midnight" was composed by:

a. Miles Davis
b. Gerry Mulligan
c. Gil Evans
d. Thelonious Monk
a. Miles Davis
"A Night in Tunisia" was composed by:

a. Woody Herman
b. Gerry Mulligan
c. Claude Thornhill
d. Dizzy Gillespie
d. Dizzy Gillespie
Bebop musicians were highly critical of:

a. swing band arrangements
b. too much improvisation
c. Japanese music
d. none of the above
a. swing band arrangements
"Straight No Chaser" was composed by:

a. Miles Davis
b. Gil Evans
c. Thelonious Monk
d. Django Reinhardt
c. Thelonious Monk
In jazz, the term "cool" was first popularized by:

a. musicians
b. journalists
c. ministers
d. school teachers
b. journalists
"Manteca" was composed by:

a. Stephane Grappelli
b. Gil Evans
c. Miles Davis
d. Dizzy Gillespie
d. Dizzy Gillespie
The two musicians that influenced bebop were:

a. Miles Davis and Gil Evans
b. John Lewis and Gunther Schuller
c. Coleman Hawkins and Charlie Christian
d. Woody Herman and Claude Thornhill
c. Coleman Hawkins and Charlie Christian
"Salt Peanuts" is an example of:

a. cool jazz
b. third jazz music
c. bebop
d. none of the above
c. bebop
"No Figs" was composed by:

a. Stan Kenton
b. Herbie Stewart
c. Lennie Tristano
d. Thelonious Monk
c. Lennie Tristano
One of the major Third Stream compositions that incorporate both classical and jazz elements is:

a. Four Brothers
b. Django
c. No Figs
d. none of the above
c. No Figs
The composition, "Moon Dreams" is basically a style of:

a. cool jazz
b. bebop
c. third stream
d. swing
a. cool jazz
True or false: Members of the Quintet of the Hot Club of France included Django Reinhardt and Stephane Grappelli.
True
True or false: Bebop jazz musicians developed a set of performance standards that scholars refer to as the canon.
True
True or false: Gerry Mulligan was one of the arrangers for the Birth of the Cool Band.
True
True or false: Some cool jazz musicians often experimented with different sounds and tone colors through the use of mutes.
True
True or false: Bebop jazz was basically a type of dance music.
False
True or false: One of the major places for the development of bebop was Minton's Playhouse.
True
True or false: The term "Thrid Stream" was first introduced by Miles Davis in a lecture during a jazz conference.
False
True or false: One of the most important training grounds for bebop musicians were jam sessions.
True
True or false: The Four Brothers were major performers in the Big Band of Woody Herman.
True
True or false: "Artistry in Rhythm" was recorder by Ella Fitzgerald.
False