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23 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
pitch
refers to the 'highness' or 'lowness' of a musical sound. Denoted by letters.
middle C
the C nearest the center of the keyboard, nearest the manufacturers name.
Octave
refers to the eight white keys contained in the interval. Defined by the ratio of frequencies 1:2:4:8
staff
consists of five parallel lines that indicate the pitch (highness or lowness) of sounds.
clef
A symbol placed at the beginning of the staff to indicate the names of various lines and spaces
treble clef
the most commen clef in music. It is a stylized letter G that indicates the second line of the staff to be G
ledger lines
lines above the staff that can extend the range of the staff.
Grand staff
combination of the treble and bass staves
accent
> sounds that are stressed
Meter
regular pattern of accented and unaccented beats. Most music has these regular patterns of stressed and meter can be classified by the number of beats in the pattern
duple meter
two beats in the the pattern
triple meter
when there are three beats in the pattern
quadruple meter
3 notes in the pattern
bar line
notates music, divides the groups of beats into measures
measure
the music between two bar lines
meter signture
two numbers placed at the beginning of the piece of music. The lower number indicates a note value. The upper number indicates how many are in a measure
simple meters
meters in which the beat is divided into two parts. Duple, triple and quadruple
upbeat/ anacrusis
one or more notes before the first measure
subdivision of the beat
into four equal parts
dotted eigth notes
works the way as a dotted quarter note. and eigth note tied to a sixteenth note
triplets
a compound division in simple meter
compound meters
meters in which the beats are divided into three parts. Usually have 6 9 or 12 as the top
duple compound
each measure has two beats and the beat is divided into three parts