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38 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Where is the musical language of Klezmer derived from?
Cantoral singing (krekts); Eastern European folk and popular music.
What was Haskala's ideology? When?
To keep Jewish religion, but blend into society. Mid-1700's.
The _______ saw music and ______ as an integral part of religion and a way to communicate with the divine. ______ above _____, and ______ above _______.
Hassidin; dancing; religious exultation, knowledge and study; emotion, reason.
Who opposed instrumental music as part of religion?
What kind of music was allowed by the Misnogdim? Why?
Cantoral singing - chanting and prayer. After 2nd temple destroyed by Romans in the year 70.
For the ________ branch of Hasidism, music was more _______ rather than rythmic.
Habad; melodic.
What was the dominant instrument in Klezmer music?
The ______ instrument was used in the beginning, but replaced by the _________.
Flute, clarinet.
________ is an improvised melodic section on top of a drone. It is followed by a ________.
Doina, dance.
The Jews who dispered to Spain were known as _______.
The Jews who dispersed to the Mediterranean region were known as?
The dispersion of the Jewish people was known as _______?
A "scissors" dance.
4 aspects of ethnomusicology?
1) belief system
2) social organization
3) repetoire
4) material culture
Describe the material culture aspect of ethnomusicology:
What is the Jewish choir boy known as? Who is he apprenticed to? What is he restricted to?
Religious singing.
The ____ was an instrument made from a ram's horn.
The ________ is a dance that begins slow & low and ends fast & high.
The khazn's style of singing was called:
What is the mode characterized by the sharp 3rd derived from the khazn's singing?
What is a scale? The number of each note in the scale is its _______.
A group of notes separated by intervals.

Some instruments that might be found in a kapelye would be:
brass (trumpet), clarinet, violin, tsimbl.
Who was the founder of the Hasidim?
Baal Shem Tov, "Keeper of the good name"
The Hasidic sect that followed the founder's ideas was called ______. It could be found in _______, ______, _____, ______.
Besht. Russia, Poland, Hungary, Romania.
A niggun was composed by a ________, who was a ______________.
Spirtual leader of Hassidians.
What kind of instrument?

//\ \
//\ \ \
//\ \ \ \
Kinnor (type of lyre).
What kind of instrument?
|| |
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Neval (type of Lyre)
Biblical round drum is called?
Biblical shaker instrument is called?
What was the Biblical flut-like instrument called? (not sacred)
What was the Biblical flute-like instrument used in religious ceremonies called?
Name the five categories of Jewish musicians:
1) Badkhn
2) Klezmer
3) Khazn (cantor, sacred singer)
4) Meshoyrer (cantor's assistant)
5) Folk singer
Name 3 things that define art music.
1) Composer is known
2) Performed in a concert setting
3) Audience pays, goes to musicians
The ram's horn was used to (5 things):
1) announce new year
2) scare enemy
3) announce victory
4) call people to prayer
5) end of fast
What defines folk music? (3)
-Musicians go to the people
-Learned music by listening / not notated
-Composer usually not known
The Jews who dispersed to Eastern Europe were called _______.
Where did the Haskala movement exist?
Started in Germany, moved eastward.
When Klezmers used nigguns as secular melodies, they were called _______.
Khosidl (???).