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18 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
decoding
the process of converting printed words into their spoken forms by using knowledge of letter-sound correspondence and word structure
criterion-referenced test
performance on a specific task
skills to progress to next level
ability to use skills
prosody
expression, appropriate phrasing, and attention to punctuation
Formative data
short term goals and yeilds info about a child's progress in aquiring skills
Norm-referenced test
valid, reliable
interpretation depends on the score obtained by the norm group
Alphabetic principle
Understanding that the sequence of letters in written words represents the sequence of the sounds (or phonemes) in the spoken word
assessing progress
examining data from both formal and informal assessments to determine student's knowledge and skills
scaffolding
adjusting and extending instruction so that the student is challenged and able to develop new skills
onset
initial consonant or cluster of a one syllable word
summative data
long term goals
accumulation and intergration of knowledge
rime
the vowel and consonant following the onset
phonemes
the smallest units of sound in spoken words
phonological awareness
understanding the sounds of spoken language and how they can be segmented,blended, manipulated. NO PRINT
PHONOLOGY
RULE SYSTEM OF SPEECH SOUNDS IN A LANGUAGE
GRAPHOPHONEMIC
DESCRIPITION FOR THE COMBINATION OF LETTERS AND LETTER-SOUND CORRESPONDENCES
PHONOLOGICAL PROCESSING
ABILTIY TO REMEMBER WORDS IN THEIR SPOKEN FORMS AS SEQUENCES OF SPEECH SOUNDS AND TO APPLY THE SOUNDS TO SYMBOLS WHEN SPELLING AND READING WORDS
oRTHOGRAPHY
wRITING SYSTEM OF LANGUAGE
MORPHOLOGY
STRUCTURE OF MEANINGFUL UNITS AND PATTERNS IN WORDS