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9 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
polypeptide
cells create proteins by linking amino aicds together
amino acid
monomer consists of a central carbon atom
protein
a polymer constructed from a set of just 20 kinds of monomers called amino acids
substrate
a special reactant acted upon by an enxyme
denaturation
unfavorable change in temperature or some othe quality of the enviornment can cause a protein to unravel and lose its normal shape
activation energy
start up energy
catalysts
cellular reactions depend on this assitance of compounds that speed up chemical reactions
enzymes
main catalysts of chemical reactions in organisms are specialized proteins
active site
substrate fits into a particular region of the enzyme