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44 Cards in this Set

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Fleet enema
bowel prep/enema
GoLYTELY
bowel prep/enema
antiemetic drugs
drugs used to control nausea and vomiting that can rise from bacteria, viral illnesses of the GI tract, surgery, motion sickness, vertigo, radiation and chemotherapy
chlorpromazine
(Thorazine) antiemetic drug
promethazine
(Phenergan) antiemetic drug
Tigan
antiemetic drug
Dramamine
antiemetic drug for motion sickness
Benadryl
antiemetic drug
scopolamine transdermal patch
antiemetic drug for motion sickness
Name (5) antiemetic drugs for chemotherapy
1)Tigan
2)Zofran
3)Reglan
4)Compazine
5)Thorazine
activated charcoal
administered via nasogastric tube for suicide attempts
syrup of ipecac
used to induce vomiting; OTC drug used to treat poisonings
Name (7) laxatives
1)Epsom salts (contains magnesium)
2)MOM (milk of magnesia)
3)Senokot
4)Ex-Lax
5)Dulcolax
6)Metamucil
7)FiberCon
Stool softeners are ____ that allow ___ and ___ in the stool to mix thus softening hard stool.
emulsifiers
water
fat
Peptic ulcer
located in the esophagus, stomach or duodenum. Caused by irritation of the mucous membrane of the gastrointestinal tract from hyposecretion of hydrochloric acid and the subsequent action of pepsin, which digests protein.
gastric ulcer
located in the stomach. Caused by irritation of the mucous membrane of the gastrointestinal tract from hyposecretion of hydrochloric acid and the subsequent action of pepsin which digests protein.
What can irritate the mucous membrane and can contribute to ulcer formation?
(4)
1)Aspirin
2)NSAIDS
3)alcohol
4)caffeine
Name (8) antacids used to treat an ulcer
1)Milk of Magnesia (MOM)
2)Amphojel
3)Chooze
4)Mylanta
5)Rolaids
6)Tums
7)alka-Seltzer (contains sodium)
8)Bromo-Seltzer (contains sodium)
Some antacids contain what additional ingredient to relieve flatulence (gas)?
simethicone
Name (5) antacids that contain simethicone (additional ingredient to relieve gas) that are used to treat ulcers
1)di-Gel
2)Gelusil
3)Maalox Plus
4)Mulanta
5)Gas-X
cimetidine
(Tagamet) H2 blockers for Peptic ulcers
Pepcid
H2 blockers for peptic ulcers
Zantac
H2 blockers for peptic ulcers
Helicobacter pylori
is a helical or curved bacterium with flagella. It lives in the gastric or duodenal mucosa and is the cause of most peptic ulcers
amoxicillin
(Amoxil) used to treat H.Pylori infections
tetracycline
(achromycin) used to treat H.Pylori infections
Flagyl
drug used to treat H.Pylori infections
gastroesophageal reflux
(GERD) occurs when the stomach acid refluxes or flows back into the esophagus, causing irritation and pain
Maxolon
drug used to treat GERD
Reglan
drug used to treat GERD
Intestinal conditions such as irritable bowel syndrome, spastic colon,diverticulitis and even ulcers can be accompanied by abdominal pain due to spasm. These spasms can be relieved by a category of drugs known as?
anticholinergics
Anticholinergics do what?
decreases abdominal spasms by slowing peristalsis
Valpin
anticholinergics used to treat GI spasms
Banthine
anticholinergics used to treat GI spasms
Anaspaz
anticholinergics used to treat GI spasms
isopropamide
anticholinergics used to treat GI spasms
Bentyl
anticholinergics used to treat GI spasms
Lomotil
(contains narcotic) used to treat diarrhea
tincture of opium
(paregoric) used to treat diarrhea
Pantopon
(contains narcotic) used to treat diarrhea
Imodium
(non-narcotic) used to treat diarrhea
Name (3) OTC drugs to treat diarrhea
1)donnagel
2)Kaolin
3)Kaopectate
docusate
(Colace,Surfak) stool softners
CoLyte
bowel preps/enemas