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29 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Opthalmic drugs may be applied topically to treat ___ ___ or ___ of the cornea, surrounding tissues, and to treat ____.
superficial infection
inflammation
glaucoma
Other ophthalmic drugs are taken ___ for severe infection,
systemically
Antibiotics do what?
prevent bacteria from maintaining their cell wall.
antibiotics are not effective against what?
viral infections
Ophthalmic antibiotics are dispensed how? (2)
1)ointments
2)solutions
bacitracin
topical antibiotic for the eye
ciprofloxacin
topical antibiotic for the eye
gentamicin
topical antibiotic for the eye
tobramycin
(Tobrex) topical antibiotic for the eye
silver nitrate
a topical anti-infective agent to be applied to the eyes of newborn infants to prevent infection
*most states require this
What is the purpose of antiviral drugs?
act by inhibiting viral DNA reproduction
Herplex
topical antiviral drug for the eyes; effective against herpes simplex virus
trifluridine
topical antiviral drug for the eyes; effective against herpes simplex virus
Glaucoma
a disease characterized by increased intraocular pressure. If untreated, it can lead to blindness.
Miochol
drug used to treat glaucoma
Miostat
drug to treat glaucoma
Diamox
drug used to treat glaucoma
Beta-blocker drugs are used to treat what disease?
glaucoma
What is the purpose of beta-blocker drugs?
(to treat glaucoma)they block the production of aqueous humor in order to decrease the intraocular pressure
Betoptic
beta-blocker drug used to treat glaucoma
Ocupress
beta-blocker drug used to treat glaucoma
Timoptic
beta-blocker drug used to treat glaucoma
Mydriatic drug
are used to dilate the pupil (mydriasis) and paralyze the muscles of accommodation (cycloplegia)
scopolamine
mydriatic drug used to dilate the pupil and paralyze the muscles of accommodation
Mydriacyl
mydriatic drug used to dilate the pupil and paralyze the muscles of accommodation
Neo-Synephrine
mydriatic drug used to dilate the pupil and paralyze the muscles of accommodation
BSS
balanced salt solution--commonly used during eye surgery to irrigate and protect the eye
fluorescein
a yellow water-based dye that shows green under flourescent light. This soloution identifies corneal abrasion and ulcers caused by a foreign body in the eye or ill-0fitting contact lenses
atropine
mydriatic drug used to dilate the pupil and paralyze the muscles of accommodation