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45 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
anemia
A reduction in the number of circulating red blood cells.
aneurysm
Localized balloon-like enlargement of an artery
Angia pectoris
Left-sided chest pain due to enadequate blood and oxygenation of the heart muscle
arrhythmia
Irregularity of heart rhythm
arteriectomy
Surgical removal of part of an artery
arteriosclerosis
Hardening of the arteries
atheroma
Plaque formation (fatty deposit) within the arterial wall
atherosclerosis
Hardening and narrowing of the arteries due to a buildup of plaque formation
CAD
Coronary artery disease -- atherosclerosis of the coronary arteries
carditis
inflammation of the heart
claudication
Pain and weakness in the leg when walking, due to peripheral vascular disease.
Congenital Heart Disease
Abnormalities in the heart occurring at birth.
Coarctation of the aorta
Narrowing of the aorta (congenital heart disease)
Patent ductus arteriosus
Duct between aorta and pulmonary artery which normally closes soon after birth, remains open (congenital heart disease)
Septal defects
Small holes in the septa between the atria and ventricles (congenital heart disease)
Tetralogy of Fallot
Cousing cyanosis (blue baby) at birth (congenital heart disease)
CHF
Congestive heart failure -- inability of the heart to circulate blood effectively enough to meet the body's needs.
Dyscrasia
Any abnormal blood condition
embolus
Floating clot
fibrillation
Rapid,random and ineffective contractions of the heart (350 beats or more per minute)
flutter
Cardiac arrhythmia in which the atrial contractions are rapid but regular (may reach up to 300 beats per minute)
gallop
Heart rate increases -- three sounds heard
heart murmur
An abnormal heart sound caused by improper closure of a heart valve.
hemorrhage
Loss of blood over a short time
hemorrhoids
Varicose veins near the anus
hypertension
Elevated blood pressure
idiopathic
arising spontaneously or from an obscure or unknown cause
Essential Hypertension
Cause unknown. Abnormally high systolic and diastolic blood pressure occurring in the absence of any evident cause
Secondary Hypertension
Cause known. Only 5% of patients have "secondary hypertension." Secondary hypertension has a clearly identifiable cause, such as kidney disease, that generates the heightened blood pressure. Treating the primary cause successfully usually resolves secondary hypertension.
infarct
Localized area of necrosis (death of tissue)caused by interruption of blood supply.
Ischemia
Deficiency of blood supply due to constriction or obstruction of a blood vessel
MI
Myocardial infarction or heart attack -- occlusion (blockage) of a coronary artery resulting in an infarct of the affected myocardium
Mitral stenosis
Abnormal narrowing of the opening of the mitral valve.
MVP
Mitral valve prolapse -- abnormal protrusion of the mitral valve that results in incomplete closure of the valve.
occlusion
Closure of a blood vessel
pacemaker
Electronic device implanted under the skin to regulate heartbeat
palpitation
Pounding or racing heart with or without irregularity in rhythm
pericarditis
Inflammation of the membrane (pericardium) surrounding the heart.
petechiae
Small pinpoint hemorrhages (red spots) found under the surface of the skin.
phlebitis
Inflammation of a vein
Tachycardia
Fast heartbeat
Thrombus
Blood clot
bradycardia
slow beating (of the heart)
Valvulitis
Inflammation of a heart valve.
Varicose veins
Abnormally swollen veins usually occurring in the leg.